Prefecture building of the Morbihan department, in Vannes
Location of Morbihan in France
|• President of the General Council||François Goulard|
|• Total||6,823 km2 (2,634 sq mi)|
|• Density||110/km2 (280/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
Morbihan (French pronunciation: [mɔʁbi.ɑ̃]; Breton: Mor-Bihan, Breton pronunciation: [morˈbiˑãn]) is a department in Brittany, situated in the northwest of France. It is named after the Morbihan (small sea in Breton), the enclosed sea that is the principal feature of the coastline. It is noted for its Carnac stones, which predate and are more extensive than the more familiar Stonehenge.
Morbihan is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from a part of the Duchy of Brittany. It is the only French department whose name comes from the Breton language.
The Gulf of Morbihan has many islands: 365 according to legend, but, in reality, between 30 and 40, depending on how they are counted. There are also many islets which are too small to be built on. Of these islands, all but two are private: l'Île-aux-Moines and l'Île-d'Arz. The others are privately owned, some by movie stars or fashion designers.
In the department of Morbihan, but outside the Gulf, there are four inhabited islands:
- Belle Île
- Meaban, just outside the Port du Crouesty is an ornithological reserve and it is forbidden to alight there.
Art and culture
The Breton language is an important issue, with many advocating bilingual education.
The painter Raymond Wintz (1884–1956) depicted locations around the Gulf of Morbihan.
- The Carnac stones, megalithic alignments of Carnac are situated in Morbihan.
- Tourism office of Auray
The bagad of Lann-Bihoué
- Cantons of the Morbihan department
- Communes of the Morbihan department
- Arrondissements of the Morbihan department
- La Baule - Guérande Peninsula
- "Le préfet du Morbihan". Morbihan Prefecture website.
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