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Virus classification
Group: Group V ((-)ssRNA)
Order: Mononegavirales
Family: Paramyxoviridae
Subfamily: Paramyxovirinae
Genus: Morbillivirus
Type Species

Morbillivirus is a genus of viruses in the order Mononegavirales, in the family Paramyxoviridae, in the subfamily Paramyxovirinae. Humans, dogs, cats, cattle, and cetaceans serve as natural hosts. There are currently six species in this genus, including the type species Measles virus. Diseases associated with this genus include: measles: fever, rash; animal: acute febrile respiratory tract infection.[1][2]


Group: ssRNA(-)



Viruses in Morbillivirus are enveloped, with spherical geometries. The diameter is around 150 nm. Genomes are linear, around 15-16kb in length. The genome codes for 8 proteins.[1]

Genus Structure Symmetry Capsid Genomic Arrangement Genomic Segmentation
Morbillivirus Spherical Enveloped Linear Monopartite

Life Cycle[edit]

Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by virus attaching to host cell. Replication follows the negative stranded RNA virus replication model. Negative stranded RNA virus transcription, using polymerase stuttering, through co-transcriptional RNA editing is the method of transcription. Translation takes place by leaky scanning. The virus exits the host cell by budding. Human, dog, cattle, and cetacean serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are respiratory.[1]

Genus Host Details Tissue Tropism Entry Details Release Details Replication Site Assembly Site Transmission
Morbillivirus Humans; dogs; cats; cetaceans None Glycoprotein Budding Cytoplasm Cytoplasm Aerosols


  1. ^ a b c "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  2. ^ a b ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 13 August 2015. 

External links[edit]