|Date of birth||28 March 1900|
|Place of birth||Grodzisk Mazowiecki, Russian Empire|
|Year of aliyah||1920|
|Date of death||18 January 1985 (aged 84)|
|Knessets||1, 2, 3, 4, 5|
|Faction represented in Knesset|
|1948–1949||Minister of Labour & Construction|
|1955–1961||Minister of Development|
|1966–1969||Minister of Housing|
Mordechai Bentov (Hebrew: מרדכי בנטוב, born Mordechai Gutgeld on 28 March 1900, died 18 January 1985) was an Israeli journalist and politician, and was one of the signatories of the Israeli declaration of independence.
Born in Grodzisk Mazowiecki in the Russian Empire (now in Poland), Bentov studied law for two years at the University of Warsaw and was one of the founding members and leaders of Hashomer Hatzair in Poland. He immigrated to Mandate Palestine in 1920, and continued studying law in Jerusalem. He had one younger sister, Shulamit Bat-Dori, who followed him to Palestine in 1923 and went on to become a director and producer of kibbutz theatre for Kibbutz Mishmar HaEmek and other communal settlements.
He was amongst the founders of Kibbutz Artzi, and was a member of Mishmar HaEmek kibbutz. By this time he had risen to the leadership of Hashomer Hatzair, and was one of its representatives in the Histadrut and the World Zionist Organization. He was also one of the Jewish Agency delegation to the United Nations in 1947.
On 14 May 1948 Bentov was one of the 37 people to sign Israel's declaration of independence, and was appointed Minister of Labour and Construction in the provisional government. In 1949 he was elected to the first Knesset as a member of Mapam. He was re-elected in 1951 and 1955, after which he was appointed Minister of Development, a post he held until 1961.
- Israel's Economy at a Crossroads (1962) (Hebrew)
- Israel, the Palestinians and the Left (1971) (Hebrew)
- Days Will Tell: Memories from the Decisive Period (1984) (Hebrew)
- Mordechai Bentov on the Knesset website