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Mordechai Hershman (1888–1940) was born in Chernigov in the Chernigov Governorate of the Russian Empire (present-day Ukraine). Although he showed musical talent at an early age, participating in several synagogue choirs, after his father died when he was six years old his adoptive family did not encourage him to pursue his talent. At age 12 he was adopted by his grandfather, who moved with him to Solovio, where he started to receive formal training from Cantor Dorfman. In 1904 he was appointed to the post of hazzan in Zhitomir, but he stayed there for only a few months before he was offered a position as assistant hazzan of Vilna. After several years the principle hazzan died and Hershman took up the position.
During World War I, Hershman was drafted into the Russian Army. Legend has it that his commanding officer was so impressed by his tenor voice that he released him from his duties. After the war, Hershman returned to his post in Vilna. The community granted him leave to lead the services on only two Sabbaths a month so that he could tour and give concerts for the rest of the time. Hershman appeared throughout Europe, singing both liturgical works and operatic arias.
In 1920, Hershman emigrated to the United States where he took up position as chief hazzan at the Beth El Temple in Brooklyn, New York, a post he held for ten years. During his time at Beth El Temple and afterwards, he toured throughout America, Europe and Palestine. As was customary for noted hazzanim of the time, Hershman released several records of cantorial and Jewish folk music.
Hershman died in 1940.
Hershman ranks among the great cantors of the golden age of Jewish cantorial music at the start of the twentieth century. His mellow tenor voice thrilled his audiences, and his cantorial arias have become classics of the Ashkenazic cantorial repertoire. Some of his most famous melodies are "Aylu Devarim", "Akavia ben Mahalael" and "Modim Anachnu Lecha". In addition to liturgical material, Hershman also recorded Yiddish songs and opera selections. Many of his liturgical recordings were composed by the noted composer Yaakov (Jacob) Rapoport. Hershman himself did not compose music. In 1925, Pinchas Yasinovski composed a piece for Hershman entitled "At the end of days" ("Vehaya Beacharit Hayamim"), for the inauguration of the Hebrew University campus at Mount Scopus, near Jerusalem. The text is from the Book of Isaiah and the tune is based on traditional cantillation notes. Hershman recorded the piece in the U.S., accompanied by strings and wind instruments, and it is considered one of his finest recordings.