Mordechai Yissachar Ber Leifer
Mordechai Yissachar Ber Leifer
|Title||Third Pittsburgher Rebbe|
Mordechai Yissachar Ber Leifer
|Died||October 4, 2020 (aged 64)|
|Spouse||Miriam Aviva Liebes|
|Predecessor||Avraham Abba Leifer|
|Successor||Meshulam Eliezer Leifer|
|Main work||Pisgamei Oraisa|
|Yahrtzeit||17 Tishrei 5781|
|Buried||October 5, 2020|
Mordechai Yissachar Ber Leifer (Hebrew: מרדכי יששכר בער לייפער; 1955 – 4 October 2020) was the third Rebbe of the Pittsburgh Hasidic dynasty. Born in the United States, he joined his father, Grand Rabbi Avraham Abba Leifer, in Ashdod, Israel, to serve as rosh yeshiva of a new Pittsburgher yeshiva in that city in 1981. After succeeding his father as Rebbe, he expanded the Hasidic presence in Ashdod with new schools and institutions, and increased the number of Pittsburgher families to nearly 200 in Ashdod. He also shepherded Pittsburgher Hasidim in Jerusalem, Bnei Brak, Beit Hilkia, New York City, and California. An accomplished Torah scholar and musical composer, he led the Hasidut for three decades until his death in 2020.
Early life and family
Mordechai Yissachar Ber Leifer was born in Newark, New Jersey in 1955. He was the son of Grand Rabbi Avraham Abba Leifer and the grandson of Grand Rabbi Yosef Leifer, a scion of the Nadvorna Hasidic dynasty who founded the Hasidut in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1924. His mother Rachel Rosenbaum was the daughter of Rabbi Itamar Rosenbaum, Admor of Nadvorna. Leifer traced his paternal ancestry to Rabbi Mordechai of Nadvorna, the founder of the Nadvorna dynasty, who was the great-grandson of Grand Rabbi Meir the Great of Premishlan, a disciple of the Baal Shem Tov.
In 1966, after the death of his grandfather, who served the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, religious community for more than four decades, Leifer's father accepted the invitation of the Pittsburgh congregation to succeed his father as Rebbe. In 1970, his father moved to Ashdod, Israel. Leifer studied in the Grodno yeshiva in Ashdod and the Tchebin yeshiva in Jerusalem. He also studied in the Telshe Yeshiva in Cleveland, Ohio.
In 1981, his father opened a yeshiva in Ashdod and asked Leifer to come to Israel and serve as rosh yeshiva. When his father died on January 6, 1990 (10 Tevet 5750), Leifer acceded to the leadership of the Pittsburgher Hasidim. He was 34 years old when he accepted the mantle of leadership.
Activities as Rebbe
Leifer presided over the Pittsburgh educational system which includes a cheder with over 300 students, two yeshivas with 90 students, and kollels for halakha, Gemara, early-morning learning, and a night kollel for married men. He also established charitable institutions in the city, which earned him a special commendation as "Worthy Citizen of Ashdod" from Mayor Yehiel Lasri.
By the time of his death, Leifer had increased the number of Pittsburgher families in Ashdod to nearly 200. The Hasidut attracted formerly non-observant Jews through Leifer's shiurim (classes), tishen and personal interaction.
Like his father before him, Leifer conducted exuberant tishen on Friday nights and after the Shabbat morning meal, as well as a Seudah Shlishit which goes late into the night accompanied by the Rebbe's words of mussar. The Hasidut is also famous for its heartfelt niggunim, many of which Leifer composed. He composed some of these niggunim during the tish itself, such as the melody for "She'yifkedunu b'rachamim" (Hebrew: שיפקדונו ברחמים, "He should remember us with mercy"). The niggunim are sung both within the Hasidut and at the tishen of other Rebbes, and have been recorded on musical albums. In total, Leifer composed more than 250 melodies, many of them pertinent to the synagogue prayer service, especially the Hallel on Rosh Chodesh and Yom Tov.
Personal life and death
Leifer married Miriam Aviva Liebes, the daughter of Rabbi Yitzchak Eizik Liebes, av beis din of the Iggud HaRabbanim (Rabbinical Alliance) of America. The couple had three sons and six daughters; one of their daughters died at a young age.
For the first six months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Israel, Leifer stayed close to home and strictly adhered to Ministry of Health guidelines. He contracted the COVID-19 virus after leaving his home for the first time in August. He was admitted to Laniado Hospital in Netanya on August 15. He died on October 4, aged 64.
His funeral took place in Ashdod on October 5. The funeral was attended by an estimated 5,000 people, more than 10 times the number of participants that organizers had estimated for police who were sent to enforce compliance with Ministry of Health regulations during the coronavirus pandemic. Attempting to set up barricades to disperse the large crowd, police were videoed shoving and wrestling with mourners.
At the funeral, Leifer's eldest son Rabbi Meshulam Eliezer Leifer was announced as his successor. His son Rabbi Yaakov Leifer was appointed rosh yeshiva of the Hasidut's yeshiva network and his son Rabbi Yosef Leifer was named Rav of the Pittsburgher community in Bnei Brak.
The Rebbe's Torah discourses have been published in two volumes, covering the years 1990 through 2010, under the title Pisgamei Oraisa–Shabbos (Hebrew: פתגמי אורייתא-שבת). This series also includes ten volumes of Leifer's discourses on the weekly Torah portion and Jewish holidays.
Rebbes of Pittsburgh
- Yosef Leifer (1924–1966)
- Avraham Abba Leifer (1966–1990)
- Mordechai Yissachar Ber Leifer (1990–2020)
- Meshulam Eliezer Leifer (2020– )
- "Overview of Pittsburgh: A Warm Hasidic Community in Ashdod, Israel". pittsburghdynasty.org. Archived from the original on April 26, 2009. Retrieved February 1, 2010.
- "The Pittsburgh Rebbe Zatzal: An Appreciation". Vos Iz Neias?. October 5, 2020. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
- Weisberg, Moshe (October 5, 2020). "אבל כבד בעולם החסידות: כ"ק האדמו"ר מפיטסבורג זצ"ל איננו" [Deep Mourning in the Hasidic World: The Pittsburgher Rebbe is No Longer With Us]. Behadrei HaHareidim (in Hebrew). Retrieved October 5, 2020.
- Rossoff, Dovid (2005). קדושים אשר בארץ: קברי צדיקים בירושלים ובני ברק [The Holy Ones in the Earth: Graves of Tzaddikim in Jerusalem and Bnei Brak] (in Hebrew). Jerusalem: Machon Otzar HaTorah. pp. 401–402.
- Kahn, Gabe (January 3, 2012). "Nadvorna Rebbe , 82, Burial on Mt. of Olives Today". Israel National News. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
The Nadvorna rebbes descend directly from Rabbi Meir of Premishlan (The Great Rabbi Meir), a disciple and friend of the Baal Shem Tov, founder of the hassidic movement.
- Ezra, Guy (October 5, 2020). "ברוך דיין האמת: האדמו"ר מפיטסבורג הלך לעולמו" [Blessed is the True Judge: The Pittsburgher Rebbe has died]. srugim.co.il (in Hebrew). Retrieved October 5, 2020.
- Shafer, Shimi (October 5, 2020). "האדמו"ר רבי מרדכי יששכר בער לייפער מפיטסבורג זצוק"ל" [The Pittsburgher Rebbe, Mordechai Yissachar Ber Leifer]. Kikar HaShabbat (in Hebrew). Retrieved October 5, 2020.
- "A brief history of the Pittsburgh Dynasty". www.pittsburghdynasty.org. Archived from the original on April 22, 2009.
- Helfgot, Menahem (October 5, 2020). "האדמו"ר נפטר מקורונה – המשטרה נערכת להלוויתו" [The Rebbe Dies from Corona – Police Prepare for the Funeral]. Channel 20 (in Hebrew). Retrieved October 5, 2020.
- Gafni, David (October 5, 2020). "צפו: למרות הסגר אלפים במסע הלוויתו של האדמו"ר מפיטסבורג" [Watch: Despite the closure, thousands attend the funeral procession of the Rebbe of Pittsburgh]. Kan Darom (in Hebrew). Retrieved October 5, 2020.
- Shaul, Ben (October 5, 2020). "Pittsburgh Rebbe passes away". Israel National News. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
- Venafshi by Pittsburgh Archived May 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine Mostly music.com.
- Klass, Rabbi Yaakov (November 26, 2008). "Q & A: Dismissal of a Rabbi (Part I)". The Jewish Press. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved February 1, 2010.
- "BD'E – Harav Mordechai Yissocher Ber Leifer, the Pittsburger Rebbe, zy'a". Hamodia. October 4, 2020. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
- "Police, mourners clash as some 5,000 crowd funeral of rabbi who died of COVID". The Times of Israel. October 5, 2020. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
- Sharon, Jeremy (October 5, 2020). "Ultra-Orthodox violently clash with police at funeral of hassidic rebbe". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
- Shafer, Shimi (October 5, 2020). "הבן הבכור, יד ימינו ואיש סודו • זה ה'ממשיך' של פיטסבורג" [The eldest son, his right-hand man and confidante: This is the 'successor' of Pittsburgh]. Kikar HaShabbat (in Hebrew). Retrieved October 5, 2020.