Morden Hall Park House
|Morden shown within Greater London|
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Morden is a district in the London Borough of Merton, England, 8 miles (13 km) South-southwest of central London between Merton Park and Wimbledon to the north, Mitcham to the east, Sutton to the south and Worcester Park to the west.
Origin of name
Morden might get its name either from the British language words Mawr (great or large) and Dun (a fort), or possibly "The Town on the Moor".
Human activity in Morden dates back to the Iron age period when Celtic tribes are known to have occupied areas around Wimbledon, but the first significant development in Morden was the construction of the Roman road called Stane Street from Chichester to London.
The route of Stane Street through Morden followed the current A24, London Road up Stonecot Hill from the south west crossing Morden Park to the west of the current dual carriageway road and passing through the pitch and putt golf course and the grounds of St Lawrence's Church. The road then descended the other side of the hill towards the town centre passing west of the Underground station and crossing the north corner of Morden Hall Park heading in the direction of Colliers Wood and Tooting. Small Roman artifacts, mainly coins and pottery, have been found at various locations within the area although there is no evidence of any settlement.
Ethelstan the Etheling, son of Ethelred the Unready, left "land at Mordune" to the abbey of Christ and St. Peter in his will of 1015, which became the site of the first Saxon parish church of St Lawrence.
In 1086, the Domesday Book recorded the manor as Mordone, part of Wallington Hundred. It was held by Westminster Abbey and its assets were: 3 hides; 1 mill worth £2 and 7 ploughs. It rendered £15. in total. Fourteen people were recorded as living in the area.
The Garth family
The manor and village remained abbey property until the Dissolution of the Monasteries in Henry VIII's reign when the manor was sold to Lionel Ducket and Edward Whitchurch. Together, they sold it on the following year to Sir Richard Garth who became Lord of the Manor. The Garth family owned the land and maintained their connection with the parish for the next four centuries, living at Morden Hall Park until the manor was sold by another Sir Richard Garth in 1872.
The prominence of the Garth family is recorded locally in the name of Garth Road, Lower Morden and the former Garth School. The two lions included in the present civic arms of the London Borough of Merton are adopted from the arms of Sir Richard.
|19th century||20th century|
|source: UK census|
Despite the rapid suburban development of nearby Wimbledon occasioned by the arrival of the new railways constructed in the mid 19th century, Morden remained a rural parish throughout the 19th century. While the population of Wimbledon grew hugely from 1,591 in 1801 to 41,652 in 1901, the population of Morden was 512 in 1801 and, one hundred years later, had grown to just 960.
In 1871, the area of the parish of Morden was 1,474.926 acres (5.969 km2) with the small village clustered around St Lawrence’s church at the top of the hill on the road from London to Epsom (now London Road/Epsom Road). Approximately half a mile to the west of the main village and the grounds of Morden Park stood the hamlet of Lower Morden.
The other main public house in the village was the Crown Inn, located to the north east of the village with a small cluster of cottages on Crown Road. The rest of what is now the commercial centre of Morden was fields.
In the late 19th century the principal industry remained agriculture, although some industrial activity did exist along the River Wandle where watermills ground tobacco to snuff and a varnish works existed close to the site of Poplar Primary School. By 1898, the varnish works had gone and there was a brickworks on the site of Mostyn Gardens in Martin Way (then called Green Lane).
Under the Local Government Act, 1894, the parish of Morden formed part of the Croydon Rural District of Surrey. The first two decades of the 20th century saw little change in the village, with industry still mainly agricultural in nature; however development in the parish of Merton to the north led to that area being removed from the rural district to form the Merton Urban District in 1907. Morden was merged with the Merton Urban District, in 1913, to form the Merton and Morden Urban District. It was not, until 1926, when Morden Underground station opened as the terminus of a new extension of the City & South London Railway (now part of the London Underground's Northern line), that the fast and direct route to Central London opened up the village for residential development.
To complement the new station, a garage was constructed on the other side of London Road, adjacent to the railway cutting and, in 1932, Morden Cinema was built next to it on the corner of Aberconway Road. Around the station a new commercial centre grew quickly as shops sprang up along London Road and Crown Lane, including a rebuilt and enlarged Crown public house (opened in 1932) and a large Royal Arsenal Co-operative Society (RACS) department store (opened in 1940).
Away from the new commercial centre of Morden, the existing rural roads were widened and rebuilt and the fields were rapidly divided into building plots and laid out for new housing. Further transport improvements came with the construction of a new Southern Railway branch line from Wimbledon to Sutton via stations at South Merton and Morden South (so named to differentiate it from Morden Underground Station and Morden Station (now Morden Road tram stop), although it was actually north east of the original village centre). The new line opened in January 1930. As a result of the new transport links, the population of Morden increased rapidly from 1,355 in 1921 to 12,618 in 1931. In the next fifteen years, the population continued to grow, as most of the parish was covered in new suburban homes.
One of the main residential developments in the 1930s was the St. Helier estate, built by the London County Council (LCC) to house workers from Inner London and named in honour of Lady St. Helier, an alderman of the LCC. The estate was at the time the largest local authority development in South London and has its road names arranged in alphabetical order, from the north-west corner (Abbotsbury Road) to the south-east corner (Woburn Road). Reflecting the previous ownership of the land by Westminster Abbey, all are named after religious establishments.
In 1943, the council was granted a civic coat-of-arms incorporating lions from the Garth family arms and the fret from the arms of Merton Priory. The motto, "In Libertate Vis", means "Our Strength is our Freedom". In 1965, under the London Government Act 1963, the Merton and Morden Urban District Council was abolished and its area combined with that of the Municipal Borough of Wimbledon and the Municipal Borough of Mitcham to form the present-day London Borough of Merton.
Despite London's suburban expansion, a little of the earlier rural nature of Morden has survived; for instance several grand period buildings remain, especially within Morden's parks. The area retains a good provision of parks and green spaces, many of them created from former country estates. The 125 acre Morden Hall Park is of particular note and is run by the National Trust (see below). Its main entrance is only a quarter-of-a-mile from Morden Underground Station.
The largest building in the town centre is Crown House, sixties-built and 14 storeys tall; designed in 1959 by A. Green ARIBA and built between 1960 and 1962. The concave frontage of the building lends it some distinction, as does the "chessboard" style juxtaposition of its light and dark facade features. It incorporated the Crown public house, on which site part of the building covered. The building is home to Merton Council's Civic Centre and a large adjoining library.
At around the same time, Morden Underground Station, originally a single storey building, with shops, had three-storey office accommodation incorporated above it.
A further office building with a large supermarket (now a Sainsbury's) at ground-floor level was built in the eighties at the other end of the town centre.
The cinema and adjoining garage were demolished and replaced by shops some years ago.
Morden plays host to a number of buildings and parks worthy of note including:
- The Bait'ul Futuh Mosque, the largest mosque in Western Europe, built by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Completed in 2003 at a cost of approximately £5.5 million, the mosque covers an area of 5.2 acres (21,000 m2) and the full complex can accommodate up to 10,000 worshippers. It was voted one of the top 50 buildings in the world by Spectator Magazine. It is located next to Morden South railway station and approximately 700 yards from Morden Underground station.
- Morden Hall Park is a key feature of the Morden area with large, period buildings located within its boundaries. It is a National Trust park, and is located on the banks of the River Wandle, near the town centre and few hundred yards from Morden Underground station. It covers over 50ha (125 acres) of parkland with the River Wandle meandering through it spanned by numerous foot-bridges. The estate contains a number of historic buildings including Morden Hall itself, Morden Cottage, an old Snuff Mill, and many old farm buildings, some of which are now a garden centre and a city farm. The rose garden has over 2000 roses. The estate land was originally owned by Westminster Abbey. There is evidence of an earlier manor-house, but Morden Hall dates back to the 1770s and contains a variety of natural landscapes, including the parkland of the "Deer Park", meadow and marshland.
- Morden Park, another park containing a period building of note. The park includes land that previously formed the grounds of Morden Park House, a small 18th-century country estate. The Georgian country house was built at the top of the hill in the 1770s for merchant and distiller John Ewart with attached landscaped gardens.
- St Lawrence Church, Morden. St Lawrence Church is the Church of England parish church for Morden. The building is Grade I listed, and located on London Road, at the highest point of Morden, overlooking Morden Park. Located on the Garth family estate, the current church was built in the 1630s in the Protestant style, and replaced an earlier wooden one from the Saxon period.
- Morden Baptist Church. The Church stands with the main entrance facing up Crown Lane on the Morden one way system. In 1990 a very substantial building scheme was undertaken to provide the current improved facilities, including an enclosed concourse, new offices and a sound-proofed cresh with a view into the main church.
Sport & Leisure
Nearest tube station:
Nearest railway stations and tramlink stops (in order of proximity):
- Morden South railway station
- Morden Road tram stop
- South Merton railway station
- St. Helier railway station
- Phipps Bridge tram stop
- Belgrave Walk tram stop
- Mitcham tram stop
Local day and night Buses and there garages that serve Morden are:
- 80 (Belmont Prisons - Hackbridge Reynolds Close) - London General - Sutton Garage
- 93 (Putney Bridge - North Cheam) (24 Hour) - London General - Sutton Garage
- 118 (Morden Station - Brixton) - London General - Merton Garage
- 154 (Morden Station - West Croydon Bus Station) - London General - Sutton Garage
- 157 (Morden Station - Crystal Palace) - Abellio London - Beddington Cross
- 163 (Wimbledon Station - Morden Station) - London General - Merton Garage
- 164 (Wimbledon Station - Sutton Station) - London General - Merton Garage
- 201 (Morden - Herne Hill) - London General - Merton Garage
- 293 (Morden Station - Epsom General Hospital) - Metrobus London - Croydon Garage
- 413 (Morden Tube Station - Sutton Bus Garage) - London General - Sutton Garage
- 470 (Epsom Town Centre - Colliers Wood Tube Station) - Quality Line - Epsom Garage
- K5 (Morden - Ham) - Quality Line - Epsom Garage
- N155 (Morden Station - Aldwych) - London General - Sutton Garage
Notable people associated with Morden
- Admiral Mariot Arbuthnot - Commander of the Royal Navy in North America during the American War of Independence.
- Sir Joseph Bazalgette - Engineer of London's sanitary system, the Chelsea and Victoria Embankments lived in the village for a few years in the 1870s.
- Sir Richard Garth - Lord of the Manor, Privy Counsellor and Chief Justice of Bengal
- Alexander Maconochie - Founder of the Royal Geographical Society and penal reformer.
- Good Shoes - an indie music band whose first album, Think Before You Speak, included the track "Morden"
- Sampha - a singer-songwriter best known for his collaborative work with SBTRKT, Jessie Ware and Drake.
- Merton Park
- Lower Morden
- South Wimbledon
- St. Helier
- Worcester Park
- Raynes Park
- Motspur Park
- Sutton Common
- Colliers Wood
- Wimbledon Park
Morden Baptist Church, Crown Lane.
- Surrey Domesday Book
- 'Parishes: Morden', A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4 (1912), pp. 235-37.
- UK Census records
- Ordnance Survey map, 1871 edition
- Ordnance Survey map, 1898 edition
- my merton, issue 17, June-July 2006, p. 17
- English Heritage
- See the "Ecclesiae Amicus" (Latin for Friend of the Church) inscription on the gravestone of Richard Garth by the Communion table
- Motco.com 15 Miles Round London (First edition), J Cary, 1786, Morden
- British Library Collect Britain archive - Mordon, Surrey, 1780
- London Transport Museum Photographic Archive Aerial view of Morden town centre in 1926 when the Underground station opened. The first roads have been laid out but the area is still mostly fields. The Crown Inn is visible on the left.
- British Pathe News Archive 1930s Newsreel footage of construction of Morden Cinema (download - select low resolution free preview)
- Motco.com 15 Miles Round London (First edition), J Cary, 1786, Morden
- Odeon Cavalcade - Morden Cinema, 1960s