Morden, Manitoba

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Morden
City
City of Morden
Official logo of Morden
Logo
Motto: See History Unfold
Morden is located in Manitoba
Morden
Morden
Location of Morden in Manitoba
Coordinates: 49°11′31″N 98°06′02″W / 49.19194°N 98.10056°W / 49.19194; -98.10056Coordinates: 49°11′31″N 98°06′02″W / 49.19194°N 98.10056°W / 49.19194; -98.10056
Country Canada
Province Manitoba
Region Pembina Valley
Rural Municipality Stanley
Established 1882
Incorporated 1895 (village)
1903 (town)
2012 (city)
Government
 • Mayor Ken Wiebe
 • Governing Body Morden City Council
 • MP (Portage—Lisgar) Candice Bergen (CPC)
 • MLA (Morden-Winkler) Cameron Friesen (PC)
Area
 • Total 12.44 km2 (4.80 sq mi)
Population (2016)
 • Total 8,668 (9th)
 • Density 401/km2 (1,040/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Forward sortation area R6M
Website www.mordenmb.ca

Morden is a city located in the Pembina Valley region of southern Manitoba, Canada near the United States border. It is about 11 km (6.8 mi) west of the neighbouring city of Winkler. Morden, which is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Stanley, is the second largest city in Canada's Pembina Valley region. The city is located south of the Winnipeg Capital Region. The communities of Morden and Winkler are often referred to as Manitoba's Twin Cities, due to their extremely close proximity, shared services, and economic ties. According to Statistics Canada, the city had a population of 8,668 in 2016.

History[edit]

Post office circa 1914.

Morden was founded in 1882, when the Canadian Pacific Railway built a railroad line crossing the Dead Horse Creek—originally called Le Cheval Mort by the French fur traders[1][2]—at a place then known as Cheval. This spot became a popular resting place as it was ideal to provide water for drinking and locomotives. The settlement was renamed to Morden, after Alvey Morden, on whose family's land the community was established. Morden was incorporated as a municipality on January 1, 1882.[3] The Manitoba government granted Morden town status in 1903 and later city status in 2012.[4][5]

Climate[edit]

Morden has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb, USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 3a[6]) with hot summers and cold winters. The average high in July is 25.6 °C (78.1 °F) and the average low is 14.3 °C (57.7 °F). Since the Morden area experiences some of the warmest temperatures in Manitoba, it has become a centre for agricultural and horticultural research. Since 1915, the city has been home to the Morden Research and Development Centre, which is operated by the Government of Canada.[7] The average high in January is −10.0 °C (14.0 °F) and the average low is −19.1 °C (−2.4 °F).[7] The highest temperature ever recorded in Morden was 111 °F (43.9 °C) on 11 July 1936.[7] The coldest temperature ever recorded was −42.0 °C (−43.6 °F) on 16 January 1993.[7]

Climate data for Morden CDA, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1904–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.9
(57)
14.4
(57.9)
28.3
(82.9)
36.5
(97.7)
42.2
(108)
40.6
(105.1)
43.9
(111)
40.6
(105.1)
40.0
(104)
33.5
(92.3)
24.4
(75.9)
17.8
(64)
43.9
(111)
Average high °C (°F) −10.0
(14)
−6.3
(20.7)
−0.3
(31.5)
10.6
(51.1)
19.3
(66.7)
23.4
(74.1)
25.6
(78.1)
25.6
(78.1)
19.2
(66.6)
10.9
(51.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
−8.3
(17.1)
9.1
(48.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −14.6
(5.7)
−10.7
(12.7)
−4.3
(24.3)
4.9
(40.8)
12.7
(54.9)
17.6
(63.7)
20.0
(68)
19.5
(67.1)
13.4
(56.1)
6.0
(42.8)
−4.6
(23.7)
−12.3
(9.9)
4.0
(39.2)
Average low °C (°F) −19.1
(−2.4)
−15.1
(4.8)
−8.3
(17.1)
−0.9
(30.4)
6.0
(42.8)
11.8
(53.2)
14.3
(57.7)
13.2
(55.8)
7.7
(45.9)
1.0
(33.8)
−8.3
(17.1)
−16.2
(2.8)
−1.2
(29.8)
Record low °C (°F) −42.0
(−43.6)
−41.7
(−43.1)
−37.8
(−36)
−22.2
(−8)
−15.0
(5)
−2.7
(27.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
−1.1
(30)
−12.2
(10)
−20.5
(−4.9)
−34.0
(−29.2)
−37.8
(−36)
−42.0
(−43.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.8
(0.74)
18.9
(0.744)
22.5
(0.886)
34.6
(1.362)
58.4
(2.299)
92.9
(3.657)
79.4
(3.126)
70.8
(2.787)
44.5
(1.752)
49.9
(1.965)
29.9
(1.177)
20.2
(0.795)
540.8
(21.291)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.4
(0.016)
2.4
(0.094)
8.6
(0.339)
21.7
(0.854)
56.4
(2.22)
92.9
(3.657)
79.4
(3.126)
70.8
(2.787)
44.1
(1.736)
42.9
(1.689)
4.7
(0.185)
2.2
(0.087)
426.5
(16.791)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 19.0
(7.48)
16.5
(6.5)
13.9
(5.47)
13.1
(5.16)
2.0
(0.79)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.4
(0.16)
7.0
(2.76)
25.6
(10.08)
18.0
(7.09)
115.6
(45.51)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 10.9 8.9 9.2 7.1 10.6 14.2 12.4 10.2 9.1 9.7 8.7 10.8 121.8
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.78 1.1 3.3 5.1 10.3 14.2 12.4 10.2 9.1 8.0 2.3 0.65 77.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 10.5 8.2 6.7 3.0 0.33 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.17 2.3 7.1 10.2 48.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 108.5 129.2 161.3 226.9 266.6 270.8 300.7 285.4 192.7 150.4 92.4 93.0 2,277.8
Percent possible sunshine 40.2 45.3 43.8 55.2 56.2 55.9 61.5 64.0 50.8 44.8 33.5 36.2 49.0
Source: Environment Canada[7][8][9]

Access[edit]

Morden is located at the intersection of Provincial Road 432 and Manitoba Highway (PTH) 3; the latter provides the shortest route from Winnipeg, the provincial capital. Access to the city is also possible by way of PTH 14, which ends at PTH 3 near Morden and links the city with the neighbouring city of Winkler and PTH 75, the primary commercial route between Manitoba and the United States. PTH 75, which turns into Interstate 29 at Pembina, North Dakota, provides southern Manitobans with direct access to the cities of Fargo, Omaha and Kansas City. Travelers from the U.S. can also reach Morden by taking PTH 32 through Winkler. Morden is located about 34 kilometres northwest of the United States border crossing at Walhalla, North Dakota and 40 kilometres northeast of the United States border crossing at Maida, North Dakota.

Morden is served by a small rural airport, Morden Regional Aerodrome; however, it is not serviced by major airlines. The city has one taxi service, Boundary Trails Taxi. Greyhound provides a courier service called Package Express to Morden, but passenger service has been discontinued.[10] Morden is bisected by a Canadian Pacific railway south of Stephen Street, running East-West. The Boundary Trail Railway interlines with the Canadian Pacific in Morden.[11]

Government and politics[edit]

Morden is governed by a mayor and six councilors who are elected by residents. The current mayor of Morden is Ken Wiebe.

Morden is represented in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba (as part of the Morden-Winkler riding) by Progressive Conservative MLA Cameron Friesen and in the House of Commons of Canada (as part of the Portage—Lisgar riding) by Conservative MP Candice Bergen.

Education[edit]

A school house from before 1923.

Morden's public school system is the Western School Division, which consists of two elementary schools - Maple Leaf Elementary School and Minnewasta Elementary School, one middle school, École Morden Middle School, one high school, Morden Collegiate Institute and an Adult Education centre.[12]

Red River Technical Vocational Area has partnered with Western School Division to provide further opportunities to its Secondary-level students. The Campus Manitoba program also provides assistance to students in Morden and area who desire to obtain Post-Secondary education.[13]

In December 2005, philanthropist John Buhler donated million to the Western school division for the purpose of building a large performing arts centre. This was to be the largest ever private gift to a Canadian public school. However, accusations of cost overruns and opposition to the gift from many people in the city led to the school division abandoning the project in 2008, to Buhler's dismay. The million that had already been handed over was not refunded, and was used by the school for other purposes. Purportedly, many residents said they did not want the performing arts centre, and still others demanded he use the money to build the town a pool instead.[14]

Local media[edit]

The beach in Morden.

Morden's local newspapers include The Morden Times, published weekly and distributed by carrier to Morden area households, and The Winkler-Morden Voice, also published weekly and distributed by mail to households in both Winkler and Morden and many surrounding smaller communities. The Winnipeg Free Press and Winnipeg Sun are available daily.

Nearby Winkler is home to two radio stations of its own, both of which are owned and operated by Altona-based Golden West Broadcasting. CKMW-FM, a country music station, was established in 1980 and broadcasts at 88.9 kHz on the FM dial. CJEL, an adult contemporary music station branded as The Eagle 93.5, launched in 2000 and was the only FM radio station in the Pembina Valley until CKMW moved from 1570 kHz AM in 2013.

Though they are not based in Winkler, several other radio stations are notable around the Morden-Winkler area. The signal from Golden West's easy listening radio station in Altona, CFAM 950 AM, reaches the Winkler area. Two North Dakota stations near the Canada/U.S. border also reach Winkler: KAOC 105.1 FM (Maverick 105), a country music station in Cavalier and KYTZ 106.7 FM (Z-106.7, Today's Best Hits), an adult contemporary music station in Walhalla. The former station sells advertisements targeting the Pembina Valley region and maintains an advertising sales office in Morden.

Recreation[edit]

The community's recreation hub is the Access Event Centre, also known as the Morden Recreation Centre. The multi-purpose facility houses two indoor arenas, a 1,000-seat community hall, the Manitoba Baseball Hall of Fame, as well as banquet and conference rooms. The lower lever of the facility is home to the Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre.[15]

Morden is home to various ice hockey teams, including the Morden Redskins of the South Eastern Manitoba Hockey League, Morden Thunder of the Manitoba High School Hockey League, and the Pembina Valley Hawks of the Manitoba Female Midget Hockey League. The 2017 Esso Cup, Canada's national female midget hockey championship, was hosted by the Hawks in Morden.[16]

Culture and tourism[edit]

Every year on the last weekend of August, Morden holds the Corn and Apple Festival where those who attend can enjoy free corn and apple cider, among other activities.[17]

Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre[edit]

The Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre.

Morden is home to the largest collection of marine reptile fossils in Canada, located at the Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre.[18] Their collection includes a 13-metre-long mosasaur, approximately 80 million years old named Bruce - a Guinness Record holder as the largest mosasaur on public display in the world.[19]

The city also houses the Pembina Hills Art Gallery. A non-profit community organization, the art gallery aims to facilitate the growth and diversity of the arts in the Pembina Valley region.

Morden designated a "Cultural Capital of Canada for 2008"[edit]

Morden was designated a Cultural Capital, in the under 50,000 category, for 2008. This honour was bestowed upon the town by Beverly J. Oda, Minister of Canadian Heritage and Status of Women, as well as Brian Pallister who is a member of parliament.[20]

Morden received this award based on the town's emphasis on art and culture in the community. This includes hosting various festivals such as the Back Forty Festival, which highlights aboriginal influences in the community. The award also takes into account proposed projects, that the community has undertaken, in an effort to place art and culture in high esteem among its townspeople.

The city receives special funding as recognition for this award. For its category, Morden may receive up to in funding. The money has been designated to go towards a new performing arts centre, as well as four murals for the community.

The Back 40 Folk Festival[edit]

The Back Forty[21] is a non-profit charitable organization that aims to “Keep Homemade Music Alive” in Southern Manitoba. Our Festival features an excellent blend of local and Manitoba musicians who share their talents through various workshops and on the Main stage. The Back Forty Festival has a vision to elevate homemade music in Southern Manitoba. To provide world-class developing and performing opportunities to local musicians and to attract the nation’s finest artists into Southern Manitoba to perform in our backyard! Founded in 1989[22]

Corn and Apple Festival[edit]

The Morden Corn and Apple Festival.

The very first Corn and Apple Festival, held in 1967, was intended to celebrate Canada's centennial. The festival name was chosen because this region of the prairies has a long growing season, particularly for corn and apples. The festival has continued on since 1967 and is now recognized as the city's annual festival.

The festival is held in the centre of the city, along Stephen Street, as it symbolizes "the heart of the community".[17] Every year visitors come from all over Canada to participate in the festivities, which include craft shows and live entertainment. Visitors can expect delicious food, free corn and apple cider, as well as the borscht donated by a nearby Hutterite colony, which, in recent years, has become a staple in the festival.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1901 1,522 —    
1911 1,130 −25.8%
1921 1,268 +12.2%
1931 1,416 +11.7%
1941 1,427 +0.8%
1951 1,862 +30.5%
1961 2,793 +50.0%
1996 5,689 +103.7%
2001 6,142 +8.0%
2006 6,571 +7.0%
2011 7,812 +18.9%
2016 8,668 +11.0%
[23][24][25]

Noteworthy appearances at past festivals include; Kenny Byrka, Lou Gramm, Prairie Oyster, Colin James, Dr. Hook, Randy Bachman, The Trews[26], Chad Brownlee[27], The Wilkinsons and Dear Screaming. Rick Mercer made a festival appearance for the 50th anniversary in 2016. The video was aired on CBC Television and published online[28] on Nov 2, 2016.

Demographics[edit]

Morden had a population of 8,668 people in 2016 (which was an increase of 11.0% from the 2011 census), while 2017 estimates put the city's population at 9,000. [29]

Notable residents[edit]

The following people of note were born in Morden or consider it their hometown:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hambley, George H. (1956). Trails of the Pioneers. Altona, MB, Canada: D.W. Friesen & Sons Ltd. p. 48. 
  2. ^ Morden, Mort Cheval, Pinancewaywinning, Lake Agassiz. Morden Centennial Committee. Morden, Man. : Morden Centennial Committee (1981). ISBN 0-88925-142-8.
  3. ^ Morden History - The Railway
  4. ^ Building a Community. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Morden becomes Manitoba's newest city". Winnipeg Free Press. 26 August 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "Lawn and Garden: Morden, MB". The Weather Network. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Morden CDA". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 5021848. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  8. ^ "Morden". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  9. ^ "Morden CDA CS". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  10. ^ Greyhound Package Express. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  11. ^ Boundary Trail Railway Company. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  12. ^ Western School Division. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  13. ^ Red River College. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  14. ^ Everyone in Morden Collegiate had seemed so happy... Winnipeg Free Press, 18 June 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2016. Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ http://www.mordenmb.com/city-services/parks-dept/access-event-centre
  16. ^ "Morden Officially Wins 2017 Esso Cup Bid". Pembina Valley Online. July 21, 2015. 
  17. ^ a b Morden Corn & Apple Festival. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  18. ^ "Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre". Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  19. ^ "Manitoba dig uncovers 80-million-year-old sea creature". CBC News. 2008-08-27. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  20. ^ Cultural Capital
  21. ^ [1] Back 40 Website
  22. ^ [2] Uniter.ca June 3 2015
  23. ^ [3], Censuses 1871-1931
  24. ^ [4], Census 1941-1951
  25. ^ [5], Census 1961
  26. ^ [6], The Morden Times May 25 2016
  27. ^ [7], The Morden Times Aug 31 2016
  28. ^ [8], Rick at the Corn and Apple Festival Youtube Video
  29. ^ "Morden, Manitoba - Detailed City Profile". Retrieved 2009-09-10. 

External links[edit]