Moreau, New York
|• Total||43.6 sq mi (113.0 km2)|
|• Land||42.2 sq mi (109.2 km2)|
|• Water||1.4 sq mi (3.7 km2)|
|Elevation||348 ft (106 m)|
|• Density||327.9/sq mi (126.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||12803, 12828, 12831|
|GNIS feature ID||0979236|
Moreau is a town in Saratoga County, New York, United States. The population was 13,826 at the 2000 census. The town is located in the northeast part of the county, north of Saratoga Springs. Moreau is named after Jean Victor Moreau, a French general, who visited the area just before the town was formed. The town contains a village called South Glens Falls.
Grant Cottage State Historic Site, the last home of Ulysses S. Grant, former President and army general, is on the grounds of Mt. McGregor Correctional Facility. Grant spent the last weeks of his life there, finishing his memoirs.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.6 square miles (113 km2), of which, 42.2 square miles (109 km2) of it is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) of it (3.32%) is water.
The town's entire northern and eastern boundaries are established by the Hudson River. The eastern town line, formed by the river, is the border of Washington County. The north town line is the border of Warren County.
The Adirondack Northway (Interstate 87) and US Route 9 are north-south highways through the town. New York State Route 32 intersects US-9 at the hamlet of Fernwood, and New York State Route 197 intersects NY-32 at the hamlet of Reynolds Corners.
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,826 people, 5,128 households, and 3,543 families residing in the town. The population density was 327.9 people per square mile (126.6/km²). There were 5,395 housing units at an average density of 128.0 per square mile (49.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.07% White, 3.58% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.03% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.09% of the population.
There were 5,128 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the town, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 107.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $40,536, and the median income for a family was $47,788. Males had a median income of $35,660 versus $25,321 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,492. About 4.7% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Moreau
- Bakers Falls – a small waterfall on the Hudson River near Fenimore.
- Clarks Corner – A location in the southeast part of the town on NY-32. It was named after early physician Billy Clark.
- Ashford Estates – A neighborhood community off Rt. 9 in the southern tier of the town.
- Fenimore – A hamlet east of South Glens Falls.
- Fernwood – A hamlet  starting from the south of the village of South Glens Falls, running along Moreau’s western border of the Hudson River to the north side Nolan Road, then across Route 9 along north side of Bluebird Road to Main Street Ext. then back to the village line.
- Fortsville – A hamlet in the southwest part of the town.
- Moreau Lake State Park – A state park in the southwest part of the town.
- Mt. McGregor Correctional Facility – A New York State prison by the western part of the town.
- Reynolds Corners – A hamlet south of South Glens Falls on NY-32 at NY-197.
- South Glens Falls – A village located by the north town line on US-9, adjacent to the Hudson River.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Town of Moreau". ICOM. Retrieved 2009-06-01.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 2/13/12 through 2/17/12. National Park Service. 2012-02-24.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.