Morgan County, Illinois

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Morgan County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Morgan County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1823
Named for Daniel Morgan
Seat Jacksonville
Largest city Jacksonville
Area
 • Total 572 sq mi (1,481 km2)
 • Land 569 sq mi (1,474 km2)
 • Water 3.5 sq mi (9 km2), 0.6%
Population
 • (2010) 35,547
 • Density 62/sq mi (24/km²)
Congressional district 18th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Morgan County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 35,547.[1] Its county seat is Jacksonville.[2]

Morgan County is part of the Jacksonville, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Springfield-Jacksonville-Lincoln, IL Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Morgan County was formed in 1823 out of Greene and Sangamon Counties. It was named in honor of General Daniel Morgan, who defeated the British at the Battle of Cowpens in the American Revolutionary War. General Morgan was serving under General Nathanael Greene at Cowpens.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 572 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 569 square miles (1,470 km2) is land and 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2) (0.6%) is water.[3]

Climate and weather[edit]

Jacksonville, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.4
 
 
34
15
 
 
1.7
 
 
40
19
 
 
3.2
 
 
52
29
 
 
3.8
 
 
64
39
 
 
4.9
 
 
74
49
 
 
4.4
 
 
83
59
 
 
3.9
 
 
87
63
 
 
3.4
 
 
85
60
 
 
3.5
 
 
79
52
 
 
2.6
 
 
68
41
 
 
3.5
 
 
52
31
 
 
2.5
 
 
39
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Jacksonville have ranged from a low of 15 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −28 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in February 1934 and a record high of 114 °F (46 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.35 inches (34 mm) in January to 4.86 inches (123 mm) in May.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 12,714
1840 19,547 53.7%
1850 16,064 −17.8%
1860 22,112 37.6%
1870 28,463 28.7%
1880 31,514 10.7%
1890 32,636 3.6%
1900 35,006 7.3%
1910 34,420 −1.7%
1920 33,567 −2.5%
1930 34,240 2.0%
1940 36,378 6.2%
1950 35,568 −2.2%
1960 36,571 2.8%
1970 36,174 −1.1%
1980 37,502 3.7%
1990 36,397 −2.9%
2000 36,616 0.6%
2010 35,547 −2.9%
Est. 2013 35,067 −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 35,547 people, 14,104 households, and 8,851 families residing in the county.[9] The population density was 62.5 inhabitants per square mile (24.1/km2). There were 15,515 housing units at an average density of 27.3 per square mile (10.5/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 90.9% white, 6.0% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.0% of the population.[9] In terms of ancestry, 25.9% were German, 21.6% were American, 15.4% were Irish, and 14.5% were English.[10]

Of the 14,104 households, 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.2% were non-families, and 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 40.8 years.[9]

The median income for a household in the county was $44,645 and the median income for a family was $59,185. Males had a median income of $43,609 versus $29,893 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,244. About 11.2% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.8% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.[11]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Jacksonville, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  10. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  11. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 

Coordinates: 39°43′N 90°12′W / 39.71°N 90.20°W / 39.71; -90.20