November 1, 1827|
New York City
|Died||April 29, 1908
New York City
|Alma mater||Columbia College
General Theological Seminary
|Employer||Trinity Church, New York|
|Parent(s)||John Adams Dix
Dix was born on November 1, 1827 in New York City. He was the son of Catherine Morgan, the adopted daughter of Congressman John J. Morgan (1770-1849), and Major General John Adams Dix (1798-1879), U.S. Senator from New York (from 1845–1849), Secretary of the Treasury (from January-March of 1861), Governor of New York (from 1873–1874) and Union major general during the Civil War. His father was notable for arresting the pro-Southern Maryland legislature, preventing that divided border state from seceding, and for arranging a system for prisoner exchange via the Dix-Hill cartel, concluded in partnership with Confederate Major General Daniel Harvey Hill.
As well as being a very active churchman, Dix also wrote widely about the practice of Christianity. Among his major works are Commentaries on Romans and on Galatians and Colossians; The Calling of a Christian Woman; The Seven Deadly Sins; The Sacramental System; and Lectures on the First Prayer-Book of Edward VI.
He objected to the entrance of girls into universities, because it was not "proper for young women to be exposed to the gaze of young men, many of whom were less bent upon learning than upon amusement." He was an hereditary companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States.
In 1880, he was subject to a series of practical jokes that stretched over several months and became the subject of much comment in the New York City newspapers of the time. The arrest of the practical joker (who was subsequently given a prison sentence) ended the incident.
He was married to Emily Soutter, who was from Virginia. Together they had:
- John A. Dix, a 1902 graduate of Harvard who married Sophie W. Townsend, the granddaughter of Howard Townsend and Justine Van Rensselaer
- Emily Margaret Gordon Dix, who married Charles Lanier Lawrance (1882–1950) in 1910
- Catherine Morgan Dix, who married William H. Wheelock
- McCaskey,John Piersol, Franklin Square Song Collection: Two Hundred Favorite Songs, Volume 5, retrieved 27 June 2014
- The Arena Volume 4, No. 22, September, 1891 (available on Gutenberg)
- Staff (April 5, 1910). "MISS DIX TO BE A BRIDE. Daughter of Late Rector of Trinity to Wed Charles Lanier Lawrance.". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
- Kerstein, Bob. "Charles Lanier". smokershistory.com. Bank History, Central Trust Company of New York. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Beach, Chandler B., ed. (1914). "Dix, Morgan". The New Student's Reference Work. Chicago: F. E. Compton and Co.
- W. A. Swanberg, The Rector and the Rogue (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1968), illus.