Morgen!

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"Morgen!"
Lied by Richard Strauss
Strauss1894.jpg
Strauss in 1894
English "Tomorrow!"
Key G major
Catalogue Op. 27/4, TrV 170
Text Poem by John Henry Mackay
Language German
Composed 1894 (1894)
Dedication Pauline de Ahna
Scoring Voice and piano

"Morgen!" ("Tomorrow!") is the last in a set of four songs composed in 1894 by the German composer Richard Strauss. It is designated Opus 27, Number 4.

The text of this Lied, the German love poem "Morgen!", was written by Strauss's contemporary, John Henry Mackay, who was of partly Scottish descent but brought up in Germany.

History[edit]

Strauss had met Mackay in Berlin, and set Morgen! to music on 21 May 1894. It was one of his four Lieder Opus 27, a wedding present to his wife Pauline. Initially, he set the accompaniment for piano alone, and for piano with violin. In 1897 he arranged the piece for orchestra with violin solo.

"Morgen!" remains one of Strauss's best-known and most widely recorded works. Strauss himself recorded it in 1919 accompanying the tenor Robert Hutt on the piano,[1] and again in 1941 conducting the orchestral version with tenor Julius Patzak and the Bavarian State Orchestra. His last recording of it was 11 June 1947, a live broadcast on radio with Strauss conducting the Orchestra della Svizzera Italiana and soprano Annette Brun.[2]

Instrumentation of accompaniment[edit]

Strauss wrote the song originally to be accompanied by piano. In 1897 he orchestrated the accompaniment for orchestral strings plus a solo violin, a harp, and three horns. The orchestral strings are muted, and the dynamic throughout is pianissimo or softer. The harp, playing arpeggios, and the solo violin accompany continuously until the word "stumm", at which point the horns enter. The violin and harp reenter after "Schweigen', and the horns fall silent until the last few bars. The last chord is joined by a solo horn.[3] A performance lasts about 3 1/2 minutes.

Text[edit]

A translation which is as close as possible to the original German, but adapted to flow in English:

And tomorrow the sun will shine again
And on the way which I shall follow
She will again unite us lucky ones
As all around us the earth breathes in the sun
Slowly, silently, we will climb down
To the wide beach and the blue waves
In silence, we will look in each other's eyes
And the mute stillness of happiness will sink upon us

Opus 27[edit]

The other three songs of Strauss's Opus 27 are:

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Strauss conducts Richard Strauss, Symposium 1225 on YouTube
  2. ^ CD Richard Strauss: Duett Concertino and Der Bürger als Edelmann, Orchestra della Svizzera Italiana, CPO 7779902 (bonus track 14).
  3. ^ Richard Strauss Lieder, Complete Edition Vol. IV, London, 1965, Boosey & Hawkes
  4. ^ In line 3 Strauss replaced Mackay's "Seligen" with "Glücklichen"
  5. ^ In the last line Strauss replaced Mackay's "großes" with "stummes"

External links[edit]