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This article is about the genus Moringa. Moringa is also the common name of a particular species, Moringa oleifera.
Not to be confused with Morinda.
M. ovalifolia in Namibia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Moringaceae
Genus: Moringa
Type species
Moringa oleifera

See text


Donaldsonia Baker f.
Hyperanthera Forssk.[2]

Moringa, native to parts of Africa and Asia, is the sole genus in the flowering plant family Moringaceae. The name is derived from murungai/munakkai/muringa, the Tamil/Telugu/Malayalam word for drumstick. It contains 13 species from tropical and subtropical climates that range in size from tiny herbs to massive trees.

The most widely cultivated species is Moringa oleifera, a multipurpose tree native to the foothills of the Himalayas in northwestern India[4] and cultivated throughout the tropics.[5] M. stenopetala, an African species, is also widely grown, but to a much lesser extent than M. oleifera.

Moringa species grow quickly in many types of environments.

List of species[edit]


  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "Genus: Moringa Adans.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1996-09-17. Retrieved 2011-09-26. 
  3. ^ "Moringa Adans.". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-12-30. 
  4. ^ Olson, Mark (2010). "Moringaceae Martinov. Drumstick Tree Family" (PDF). Flora of North America. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 7: 167–169. 
  5. ^ Janick, Jules; Robert E. Paull (2008). The Encyclopedia of Fruit & Nuts. CABI. pp. 509–510. ISBN 978-0-85199-638-7. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Leone A, Spada A, Battezzati A, Schiraldi A, Aristil J, Bertoli S (2015). "Cultivation, Genetic, Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Moringa oleifera Leaves: An Overview". International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 16: 12791–12835. doi:10.3390/ijms160612791. PMC 4490473Freely accessible. PMID 26057747. 
  7. ^ Dadamouny, M.A. (2009). "Population Ecology of Moringa peregrina growing in Southern Sinai, Egypt.". M.Sc. Suez Canal University, Faculty of Science, Botany Department. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  8. ^ Dadamouny, M.A., Unterseher, M., König, P., & Schnittler, M. (2016). "Population performance of Moringa peregrina (Forssk.) Fiori (Moringaceae) at Sinai Peninsula, Egypt in the last decades: Consequences for its conservation.". Journal for nature conservation. 34: 65–74. doi:10.1016/j.jnc.2016.08.005. 
  9. ^ "Subordinate Taxa of Moringa Adans.". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-12-30. 
  10. ^ Dadamouny, M.A., Zaghloul, M.S., & Moustafa, A.A. (2012). "Impact of Improved Soil Properties on Establishment of Moringa peregrina seedlings and trial to decrease its Mortality Rate.". Case Study. Egyptian Journal of Botany, NIDOC. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 

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