Moriyama Einosuke

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Moriyama Einosuke
Moriyama Einosuke (left) 森山 栄之助.jpg
Moriyama Einosuke (left)
Native name
森山 栄之助
Born(1820-07-10)July 10, 1820
DiedMay 4, 1872(1872-05-04) (aged 51)
Other workInterpreter

Moriyama Einosuke (森山 栄之助, July 10, 1820 – May 4, 1872) was a samurai during the Tokugawa shogunate, and an interpreter of Dutch and English. He studied English under Dutch merchants and Ranald MacDonald. He was called upon to assist shogunate officials during the "Manhattan Incident" of 1845, during which the American whaling ship Manhattan approached Edo to repatriate 22 castaway Japanese seamen. [1] As Chief Dutch Interpreter, he was later one of the chief men involved in the negotiations with Commodore Perry in regard to the opening of Japan to the outside world.

Samuel Wells Williams, a member of Perry's second visit noted in 1854:

A new and superior interpreter came with Saborosuke, named Moriyama Yenosuke ... He speaks English well enough to render any other interpreter unnecessary, and this will assist our intercourse greatly. He ... asked if Ronald McDonald (sic) was well, or if we knew him. ... giving us all a good impression of his education and breeding. (Williams, p.120, March 3rd 1854)[2][3][4]


  1. ^ Van Zandt, Howard (1984). Pioneer American Merchants in Japan. Tuttle Publishing. p. 68-72. ISBN 9994648144.
  2. ^ Sōritsu nijisshūnen kinen ronshū
  3. ^ Treaties and other international acts of the United States of America [1]
  4. ^ Native American in the land of the shogun by Frederik L. Schodt p.288 [2]

See also[edit]