Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart

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Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart
Morning Glory Zell at altar by Mark Berry - cropped.jpg
Zell praying for healing (c. 2006)
Diana Moore

(1948-05-27)May 27, 1948
DiedMay 13, 2014(2014-05-13) (aged 65)
Other namesMorning Glory Ferns
Morning Glory Zell
Morning G'Zell
Known forPolyamory, neopagan community leadership[1]
Spouse(s)Gary Ferns
Oberon Zell-Ravenheart

Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart (May 27, 1948 – May 13, 2014), born as Diana Moore, subsequently known as Morning Glory Ferns, Morning Glory Zell and briefly Morning G'Zell, was an American community leader, author, and lecturer in Neopaganism, as well as a priestess of the Church of All Worlds. An advocate of polyamory, she is credited with coining the word.[1][2][3] With her husband Oberon Zell-Ravenheart, she designed deity images.[4]

Early life[edit]

Diana Moore was born in 1948 in Long Beach, California, May 27, 1948. She was raised an only child in a strict Christian household by her Pentecostal mother, though she switched from attending a Methodist church to a Pentecostal one around age 10–12. At age 14, she broke with Christianity after arguing with her Methodist minister grandfather that animals had souls and went to heaven.[5] She was strongly influenced by the Sybil Leek book, Diary of a Witch, which she read during high school. At the age of 17, Diana began practicing witchcraft. At the age of 20, she changed her name to Morning Glory because she did not care for the chastity requirement demanded of followers of the goddess Diana.[3]

While en route to join a commune near Eugene, Oregon, in 1969, Morning Glory met a hitchhiker named Gary Ferns who joined her. The two were soon married, and the next year, she gave birth to a daughter whom she named Rainbow. As a mother, she was known as Morning Glory Ferns. Although Gary and Morning Glory conducted an open marriage, the union was broken when she met Timothy Zell after he gave the 1973 keynote speech at Gnosticon in Minnesota.[5] Morning Glory divorced Gary and brought her daughter to St. Louis, Missouri, to live with Zell. Morning Glory and Zell married at the Gnosticon of Easter 1974, the well-attended ceremony performed by Archdruid Isaac Bonewits and High Priestess Carolyn Clark.[5][6]

Church of All Worlds[edit]

In St. Louis, Morning Glory studied and was made a priestess of Zell's Church of All Worlds. She helped him edit the group's journal, Green Egg. In 1976 the two began almost a decade of traveling, adventure, and living in various retreats and in a school bus they converted to a mobile home. They founded the Ecosophical Research Association in 1977 at Coeden Brith, a ranch in rural Mendocino County, California, northwest of Ukiah, to investigate arcane lore and legends of cryptids such as Bigfoot and mermaids.[5] Their wandering years ended in 1985 when they took up permanent residence at Coeden Brith, initially for the purpose of raising "unicorns" created from horn surgery on baby goats, which they did.[5]

In 1979, Timothy Zell changed his first name to Otter, and for a short time the couple styled their surnames as G'Zell, a contraction of Glory Zell. In 1994, he changed his name to Oberon.[7]

For Morning Glory, the ideal marriage had always been an open one, and her relationship with Zell developed into a polyamorous one made up of three people from 1984 to 1994, including Diane Darling.[7] When this arrangement ended, Zell and Morning Glory bonded with others to make a marriage of five[5] and sometimes six.[6] The group took the collective surname Zell-Ravenheart, and lived in two large homes.[7] Morning Glory's May 1990 article "A Bouquet of Lovers", first published in Green Egg, promoted the concept of a group marriage having more than two partners. The article is widely cited as the original source of the word "polyamory", although the word does not appear in the article—the hyphenated form "poly-amorous" does instead.[5][8]

With Darling, Morning Glory revived Green Egg in May 1988. The journal had been defunct since 1976.[5] In 1990, she established the business Mythic Images, offering for sale reproductions of goddess and mythology sculptures crafted by Zell. Morning Glory ran the business in addition to lecturing and writing.[5]

Personal life[edit]

In 1999, the Zell-Ravenhearts moved to Sonoma County, California, where Oberon started the Grey School of Wizardry, which as of 2014 is the world's only registered wizard academy.[7][9]

Morning Glory went to the hospital in 2005 to treat broken bones suffered in a fall. There, she learned she had multiple myeloma. She received surgery, chemotherapy and radiation treatments, and also entreated her friends to form a healing circle. She experienced a great increase in health in 2007.[5] She lapsed in taking her medications in late 2011, and the disease returned in early 2012. During a period of remission in August 2012 she was filmed for a documentary about polyamory for the Destination America television channel, the show called Hidden in America, the segment titled "Polyamory in America".

Her husband Oberon and his long term marriage partner Julie O'Ryan appeared together on screen to talk about their practice of polyamory.[10] In reporting about the upcoming broadcast, Alan M of Polyamory in the News wrote that Morning Glory and Oberon, both battling cancer, looked "hale and hearty" in the preview available online.[11]

In adolescence, her daughter Rainbow left to live with her father Gary, taking the name Gail.[5]


Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart died at her home on May 13, 2014, two weeks before her 66th birthday, of cancer.[12][unreliable source?][13][third-party source needed][14]



  • Creating Circles & Ceremonies: Rituals for All Seasons And Reasons, with Oberon Zell-Ravenheart. New Page Books, 2006; ISBN 1-56414-864-5.
  • Grimoire for the Apprentice Wizard, with Oberon Zell-Ravenheart, et al. New Page Books, 2004; ISBN 1-56414-711-8.


  • "Firelight and Moon-Shadows: A Survey of Wiccan Lore" in Pop! Goes the Witch: The Disinformation Guide to 21st Century Witchcraft, ed. by Fiona Horne. The Disinformation Company, 2004; ISBN 0-9729529-5-0.


  1. ^ a b Melton, J. Gordon (1999). Religious leaders of America: a biographical guide to founders and leaders of religious bodies, churches, and spiritual groups in North America (2 ed.). Gale Research. p. 617. ISBN 0810388782.
  2. ^ Davy, Barbara Jane (2007). Introduction to Pagan Studies. AltaMira Press. p. 119. ISBN 978-0759108189.
  3. ^ a b Benowitz, June Melby (1988). Encyclopedia of American Women and Religion. ABC-CLIO. p. 397. ISBN 0874368871.
  4. ^ Magliocco, Sabina (2001). Neo-Pagan Sacred Art and Altars: Making Things Whole. University Press of Mississippi. pp. 30–33. ISBN 1578063906.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Guiley, Rosemary (2008). The Encyclopedia of Witches, Witchcraft and Wicca. Infobase. pp. 400–402. ISBN 978-1438126845.
  6. ^ a b Bonewits, Isaac (2005). The Pagan Man: Priests, Warriors, Hunters, and Drummers. Citadel. pp. 65–66. ISBN 0806526971.
  7. ^ a b c d Guiley, page 403
  8. ^ Zell, Morning Glory (May 1990). ""A Bouquet of Lovers"". Archived from the original on May 8, 2003. Retrieved 2006-12-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link), Green Egg
  9. ^ "Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart - obituary". Telegraph. Retrieved 2015-05-09.
  10. ^ "Hidden in America: Polyamory in America". Destination America. Discovery Channel. Archived from the original on May 21, 2013. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
  11. ^ Alan M. (March 27, 2013). "Poly pioneers Morning Glory and Oberon Zell-Ravenheart go on TV". Polyamorous Percolations: Polyamory in the News!. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
  12. ^ Lady Sheherazahde Lachesis (May 14, 2014). "Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart has died". LiveJournal. Archived from the original on February 4, 2016. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  13. ^ Biography of Morning Glory Zell, Church of All Worlds website; accessed May 14, 2014.
  14. ^ Antonia Blumberg (May 14, 2014). "Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart Dead: Pioneering Pagan, Polyamory Leader Dies At 66". The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 14, 2014.