Moro Crater massacre

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Moro Crater massacre
U.S. soldiers pose with Moro dead after the battle
Date March 1906
Location Jolo island, Philippines
Result US victory
Late 19th Century Flag of Sulu.svg Moro People  United States
* Philippine Constabulary
Commanders and leaders
Unknown Leonard Wood
1000+ civilians 540
Casualties and losses
994 killed 15 killed,
32 wounded

The Moro Crater massacre is a name given by Mark Twain to the First Battle of Bud Dajo.[1] It was an attack during the Philippine-American War which took place March 10, 1906, on the isle of Jolo in the southern Philippines. Forces of the U.S. Army under the command of Major General Leonard Wood, a naval detachment comprising 540 soldiers, along with a detachment of native constabulary, armed with artillery and small firearms, attacked a village hidden in the crater of the dormant volcano Bud Dajo.[citation needed] 800 to 1000 Muslim Moros, including women and children, were massacred by the Americans, of whom fifteen soldiers were killed and thirty-two were wounded.[2] The Moros did not have firearms and many if the US wounded were hit by their own weapons. No firm count of the number of dead was established, with some estimates saying that up to 850 Moros were killed.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Mark Twain (17 November 2013). Delphi Complete Works of Mark Twain (Illustrated). Delphi Classics. p. 3819. ISBN 978-1-908909-12-1. 
  2. ^ Benjamin R. Beede (21 August 2013). The War of 1898 and U.S. Interventions, 1898T1934: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 74. ISBN 978-1-136-74691-8. By the end of the operation the estimated 600 Muslims in Bud Daju were wiped out. 
  3. ^ John J. Pershing (25 June 2013). My Life before the World War, 1860--1917: A Memoir. University Press of Kentucky. p. 386. ISBN 0-8131-4198-2. These are merely estimates, because no firm number of Moro dead was ever established. 

Coordinates: 6°00′47″N 121°03′25″E / 6.013°N 121.057°E / 6.013; 121.057