Moroccan general election, 1963

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Parliamentary elections were held for the first time in Morocco on 17 May 1963. They followed the approval of a constitution in a referendum the previous year. The result was a victory for the pro-Monarchy Front for the Defence of Constitutional Institutions (FDIC), which won 69 seats. However, the two main opposition parties, the Istiqlal Party and the National Union of Popular Forces, won exactly the same number of seats.[1] Voter turnout was 71.8%.[2] However, in November the Supreme Court annulled the results of several seats won by the opposition. By-elections held in January 1964 gave the FDIC control of Parliament,[3] which was eventually dissolved by King Hassan II in 1965.

Indirect elections to the House of Councillors were held on 12 October, with the FDIC winning 102 of the 120 seats.[4]

Electoral system[edit]

The 120 members of the House of Councillors were elected by three electoral colleges; members of provincial and prefectural assemblies elected 80 members, professional bodies elected 35 members (of which industrial workers elected 14, farmers elected 16 and craftsmen elected 5) and business councils elected five.[4]

Results[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Front for the Defence of Constitutional Institutions 1,159,932 34.8 69
Istiqlal Party 1,000,506 30.0 41
National Union of Popular Forces 751,056 22.5 28
Moroccan Communist Party 2,345 0.1 0
Independents 421,479 12.6 6
Invalid/blank votes 113,221
Total 3,448,539 100 144
Registered voters/turnout 4,803,654 71.8
Source: Nohlen et al.

House of Councillors[edit]

Party Assembly
members
Industrial
workers
Farmers Craftspeople Business
councils
Total
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Front for the Defence of Constitutional Institutions 74 9 16 3 0 102
Istiqlal Party 3 4 0 2 0 9
General Union of Moroccan Workers 0 0 0 0 3 3
Others 0 0 0 0 2 2
Independents 3 1 0 0 0 4
Invalid/blank votes 376 20 30 20 209 655
Total 9,901 100 80 259 100 14 236 100 16 204 100 5 1,554 100 5 12,154 100 120
Registered voters/turnout 11,610 85.5 281 92.2 312 75.6 225 90.7 3,188 48.7 15,616 77.8
Source: Sternberger et al.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maghraoui, AM Democratization in the Arab World?: Depoliticization in Morocco Journal of Democracy, Volume 13, Number 4 October 2002
  2. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p634 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
  3. ^ Ketterer, JP From one chamber to two: The case of Morocco Journal of Legislative Studies, Spring 2001, vol. 7, no. 1, pp.135-150
  4. ^ a b Dolf Sternberger, Bernhard Vogel, Dieter Nohlen & Klaus Landfried (1978) Die Wahl der Parlamente: Band II: Afrika, Zweiter Halbband, p1315