Anthocharis belia

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Moroccan orange tip
Anthocharisbelia.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Pieridae
Genus: Anthocharis
Species: A. belia
Binomial name
Anthocharis belia
(Linnaeus, 1767)

Anthocharis belia, the Moroccan orange tip, is a butterfly of the family Pieridae.[2] Its range is mostly northwestern Africa (specifically Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia) but is it also found in southern Europe (mainly Spain, Portugal and southern France).[citation needed] The length of the forewings is 18–20 millimetres (0.7–0.8 in).[citation needed]

Description in Seitz[edit]

A. eupheno L. (synonym of Anthocharis belia) from North Africa, is above very similar to Anthocharis damone but the orange patch is smaller and proximally more strongly edged with dark, the black median spot disappearing in the dark edge of the orange spot; however, the underside of the hindwing lighter yellow and differently marked. The female is without the orange patch, having reddish yellow only in the apical area. — androgyne Leech, from Morocco, differs only in the female in the stronger development of the reddish yellow apical spot. Larva green, with yellow and black dorsal markings, very similar to that of A. euphenoides, on Biscutella (Spuler).[3]

Biology[edit]

The larvae feed on Biscutella laevigata and Sisymbrium officinale in the wild, and have been reared on Alyssum in captivity.[citation needed] In Morocco, subspecies A.b. androgyne (with male-like females) is one of several coexisting Euchloine species (including species of the genera Euchloe, Elphinstonia and Zegris). All of these species have larvae that may be cannibalistic. These species do not segregate by use of different host plants, but show some separation by use of different habitats. A. belia is most associated with relatively stable environments and the use of longer-lived hosts

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ van Swaay, C.; Wynhoff, I.; Verovnik, R.; Wiemers, M.; López Munguira, M.; Maes, D.; Sasic, M.; Verstrael, T.; Warren, M.; Settele, J. (2010). "Anthocharis euphenoides". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2010: e.T173276A6983854. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-1.RLTS.T173276A6983854.en. Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "Anthocharis belia (Linnaeus, 1767)". Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa. Retrieved September 23, 2011. 
  3. ^ Julius Röber, 1909 Pieridae, pp. 39-74, 374, pls. 17-27. In: Seitz, A. (ed.), Die Groß-Schmetterlinge der Erde. 1. Band. Die palaearctischen Tagfalter. – Stuttgart, Fritz Lehmann.