Morocco leather (also Levant or Morocco or the French Maroquin or German Saffian Middle Persian Saxtag Modern Persian سختگ) is a soft, pliable form of leather widely used for gloves and the uppers of ladies' shoes and men's low cut shoes, but traditionally associated with book bindings, wallets, linings for fine luggage, and the like.
Originally Morocco leather was imported from Morocco, and from the late 16th century it was valued in luxury bookbindings in Western countries because of its strength and because it showed off the gilding.
The finest grades of Morocco leather are goat skin, but by the late 19th century other skins often were substituted in practice, particularly sheep skin and split calf skins. For example, French Morocco, is an imitation made of sheepskin. The tanning process varied widely, but the traditional tanning material was sumac. The traditional tanning process was skilled and elaborate; according to the application, the preparation either would aim for a carefully smoothed finish, or would bring up the grain in various patterns such as straight-grained, pebble-grained, or in particular, in a bird's-eye pattern. Morocco leather is practically always dyed, traditionally most often red or black, but green, brown or other colours also were available, and in modern times there is no special constraint on colour.
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