Moroto District

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Moroto District
District location in Uganda
District location in Uganda
Coordinates: 02°32′N 34°40′E / 2.533°N 34.667°E / 2.533; 34.667Coordinates: 02°32′N 34°40′E / 2.533°N 34.667°E / 2.533; 34.667
Country  Uganda
Region Northern Uganda
Sub-region Karamoja sub-region
Capital Moroto
 • Total 3,537.6 km2 (1,365.9 sq mi)
Population (2012 Estimate)
 • Total 136,000
 • Density 38.4/km2 (99/sq mi)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Moroto District is a district in Northern Uganda. Like many other Ugandan districts, it is named after its 'chief town', Moroto, where the district headquarters are located.


Moroto District is bordered by Kaabong District to the north, the Republic of Kenya to the east, by Amudat District to the south, Nakapiripirit District to the southwest, Napak District to the west and by Kotido District to the northwest.[1] It lies on the foot of Mt. Moroto. The district headquarters at Moroto, are located approximately 210 kilometres (130 mi), by road, northeast of Mbale, the nearest large city.[2] The coordinates of district are:02 32N, 34 40E.


Moroto District is part of the larger Karamoja sub-region which consists of: Abim District, Amudat District, Kaabong District, Kotido District, Moroto District, Nakapiripirit District and Napak District.[3] In 2002, the population of Karamoja sub-region was estimated at approximately 800,000, by the national census conducted that year.

Moroto District is a plain covered by the Savannah grassland and some low lying rocky hills. It comprises three counties: Bokora County, Matheniko County and Moroto Municipality. It is inhabited by the Karimojong, a distinctive ethnic group that highly cherishes its traditions.

The district is a hub of mineral resources that are yet to be optimally exploited. There are over fifty different minerals and precious stones in the Karamoja region. Of these, Moroto has gold, silver, copper, iron, titanium, manganese, niobium, tantalite and chrome. Other proven minerals include marble, mica, garnets, limestone and asbestos.[4][5]


In 1991, the national population census estimated the district population at about 59,100. The 2002 national census estimated the population of the district at about 77,200. Between 2002 and 2012, it is estimated that the district population grew at 5.9% annually. In 2012 it is estimated that the population of the district had grown to about 136,000.[6] The table below illustrates numerically, how the district population has grown between 2002 and 2012. All numbers are estimates.

Moroto District Population Trends
Year Est. Pop.
2002 77,200
2003 81,800
2004 86,600
2005 91,700
Year Est. Pop.
2006 97,100
2007 102,800
2008 108,900
2009 115,300
Year Est. Pop.
2010 122,100
2011 129,300

Economic activities[edit]

Subsistence crop and livestock agriculture form the backbone of Moroto District's economic backbone.

Recently, commercial cultivation of the Jatropha plant has begun in the region. The seed extract is used as a bio fuel to generate thermal electricity and to power motor engines for trucks and buses. Bee keeping is another activity that is gaining popularity. Livestock kept includes cattle, goats, chicken and turkeys.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Uganda District Map
  2. ^ "Road Distance Between Mbale And Moroto With Map". Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  3. ^ Geography of Karamoja
  4. ^ Mwesigwa, Alon (4 February 2014). "Mineral Deposits In Uganda's Karamoja Heighten Human Rights Abuse – Report". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  5. ^ Ariong, Steven (5 April 2014). "Karamoja Miners Demand Mineral Weighbridges". Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  6. ^ "Estimated Population of Moroto District In 1991, 2002 & 2012". Retrieved 23 May 2014. 

External links[edit]