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Morpeth, Northumberland

Coordinates: 55°10′03″N 01°41′27″W / 55.16750°N 1.69083°W / 55.16750; -1.69083
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alt=A montage of images from Morpeth, which are images of the River Wansbeck, Morpeth Castle, Morpeth Clock Tower, Morpeth Chantry and Morpeth station. Clicking on an image in the picture causes the browser to load the appropriate article. rect 0 0 580 425 River Wansbeck rect 581 0 1200 425 Morpeth Castle rect 581 428 1200 1201 Morpeth Clock Tower rect 0 428 581 1201 Morpeth Chantry rect 0 1203 1200 1809 Morpeth station
Morpeth is located in Northumberland
Location within Northumberland
Population14,017 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceNZ2085
• Edinburgh80 mi (130 km) NW
• London261 mi (420 km) SSE
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMORPETH
Postcode districtNE61, NE65
Dialling code01670
AmbulanceNorth East
UK Parliament
List of places
55°10′03″N 01°41′27″W / 55.16750°N 1.69083°W / 55.16750; -1.69083

Morpeth is a historic market town in Northumberland, England, lying on the River Wansbeck. Nearby towns include Ashington and Bedlington. In the 2011 census, the population of Morpeth was given as 14,017,[1] up from 13,833 in the 2001 census.[3] The earliest evidence of settlement is believed to be from the Neolithic period, and some Roman artifacts have also been found.

The first written mention of the town is from 1080, when the de Merlay family was granted the barony of Morpeth. The meaning of the town's name is uncertain, but it may refer to its position on the road to Scotland and a murder which occurred on that road. The de Merlay family built two castles in the town in the late 11th century and the 13th century. The town was granted its coat of arms in 1552. By the mid-1700s it had become one of the main markets in England, having been granted a market charter in 1200,[4][5][6] but the opening of the railways in the 1800s led the market to decline. The town's history is celebrated in the annual Northumbrian Gathering.

Morpeth is governed by Northumberland County Council and Morpeth Town Council. The town is split into three wards – North, Kirkhill and Stobhill – for the purposes of parish elections. In 2008 the town suffered a severe flood, which was repeated in 2012, resulting in the construction of new flood defences. Morpeth railway station is on the east coast line and a curve to the south of it has caused several rail crashes. Several sports teams compete in Morpeth, with Morpeth Town A.F.C. having been the winner of the FA Vase in 2016. The town hosted its own Olympics from 1873 to 1958. Two middle schools, a high school and seven first schools are situated in Morpeth, as well as several churches of Anglican, Roman Catholic, United Reformed and Methodist denominations. Morpeth's Carlisle Park, the recipient of several awards, contains one of the four floral clocks in England.


Morpeth was founded at a crossing point of the River Wansbeck.[7] Remains from prehistory are scarce, but the earliest evidence of occupation found is a stone axe thought to be from the Neolithic period. There is a lack of evidence of activity during the Roman occupation of Britain, although there were probably settlements in the area at that time.[7] The first written reference is from 1080 when William de Merlay was rewarded for his part in suppressing a rebellion in Northumbria with "the Barony of Morthpeth stretching from the Tyne to the Coquet".[8] The name derives from Old English morð pæð and literally means "murder path";[9][10] writing in 1666, the antiquarian John Stainsby attributed this moniker to "the many robberies and murders in those parts committed".[11]

The barony of Morpeth was granted to the de Merlay family in around 1080, and by 1095 a motte-and-bailey castle had been built by William de Merlay.[7][12][13] It is uncertain whether there was any settlement at Morpeth at the time that the barony was created, and documents relating to the foundation of an abbey in 1137 refer to the "new town of Morpeth". Newminster Abbey, located on the outskirts of Morpeth, was founded in 1138 by William's son, Ranulf de Merlay, lord of Morpeth, and his wife, Juliana, daughter of Gospatric II, Earl of Lothian, as one of the first daughter houses of Fountains Abbey.[14][15][16] King John granted a market charter for the town to Roger de Merlay in 1200.[4][5][6] It became one of the main markets in Northern England by the mid-1700s and by the mid 18th century was one of the key cattle markets in England selling cattle driven by drovers over the border from Scotland;[17][7] however, the opening of the railways made transport to Newcastle easier in the 19th century, and the market accordingly declined.[7] The market is still held on Wednesdays.[18][19][20]

Morpeth Castle gatehouse

The town was badly damaged by fire set by the barons in 1215 during the First Barons' War, in an attempt to block the military operations of King John.[17] Whilst it is common report that the motte-and-bailey castle was burnt down by King John in 1216[12][13] and a new Morpeth Castle was built later in the 13th century by Ranulph de Merlay, to the south of Haw Hill,[17][12][13] there is no firm evidence that King John destroyed the castle and an alternative narrative suggests that the second castle was in fact "completed by William de Merlay (the 2nd) in the year of his death" (c. 1170).[8] In the 13th century, a stone bridge was built over the Wansbeck in Morpeth,[21] to the west of the current bridge, replacing the ford previously in use in Morpeth.[7][22] For some months in 1515–16, Margaret Tudor (Henry VIII's sister) who was the Queen Consort of Scotland (James IV's widow), had laid ill in Morpeth Castle, having been brought there from Harbottle Castle.[23][24][25] The only remains of the castle are the inner gatehouse, which was restored by the Landmark Trust, and parts of the ruined castle walls.[26][27]

In 1540, Morpeth was described by the royal antiquary John Leland as "long and metely well-builded, with low houses" and "a far fairer town than Alnwick". During the 1543–51 war of the Rough Wooing, Morpeth was occupied by a garrison of Italian mercenaries, who "pestered such a little street standing in the highway" by killing deer and withholding payment for food.[28] In 1552, William Hervey, Norroy King of Arms, granted the borough of Morpeth a coat of arms. The arms were the same as those granted to Roger de Merlay, but with the addition of a gold tower. In the letters patent, Hervey noted that he had included the arms of the "noble and valyaunt knyght ... for a p'petuall memory of his good will and benevolence towardes the said towne".[29]

Morpeth was a borough by prescription, but received its first charter of confirmation from Charles II. The corporation it created was controlled by seven companies: the Merchant Tailors, the Tanners, the Fullers and Dyers, the Smiths, the Cordwainers, the Weavers and the Butchers.[17] This remained the governing charter until the borough was reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835.[30][31] During the Second World War, RAF Morpeth, an air-gunnery training school, opened at nearby Tranwell.[32][33][34]

The town and the county's history and culture are celebrated at the annual Northumbrian Gathering.[35] The gathering is held over a weekend in mid-April and includes the Border Cavalcade and Pageant.[36][37][38] The 50th gathering took place in 2017.[39][40]


Morpeth has two tiers of local government.

The lower tier is Morpeth Town Council, which has 15 members. Morpeth is a civil parish[41] with the status of a town.[42] For the purposes of parish elections the town is divided into three wards: North, Kirkhill and Stobhill, each returning five town councillors. Each ward also elects one County Councillor. In May 2021, the political make up of the Town Council was ten Conservatives, two Liberal Democrats, two Green and one Labour member.[43][44][needs update]

The upper tier of local government is Northumberland County Council, which meets at County Hall in Morpeth.[45][46] Since April 2009 the county council has been a unitary authority.[47] Previous to this there was an intermediate tier, the non-metropolitan district of Castle Morpeth, which has been abolished along with all other districts in the county.[48][49] The county council has 67 councillors,[50][51] of whom three represent Morpeth, one each from the electoral wards of Morpeth Kirkhill, Morpeth North and Morpeth Stobhill.[52] The 2017 and 2021 County Council elections both elected three Conservative councillors for the three wards.[53][54]


Cockle Park, located slightly north of Morpeth, contains a Met Office weather station, founded in 1897.[55][56]

Climate data for Morpeth, Cockle Park (1991–2020), record highs and lows (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.8
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 6.6
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 1.4
Record low °C (°F) −12.0
Average precipitation mm (inches) 58.0
Source 1: Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute/KNMI[57]
Source 2: http://climate-datas-weather.dynalias.org/[58]

2008 and 2012 floods[edit]

St George's Church and Telford Bridge during the September 2008 floods

On 6 September 2008, Morpeth suffered a severe flood,[59][60] causing damage to 1,000 properties and leading 400 residents to be evacuated.[61][62][63] The town's flood defences were breached after 12 hours, when a month's worth of rain fell on Morpeth.[63][60]

In September 2012, flooding occurred again, causing damage to properties, although floodwaters were reportedly 3 feet (1 m) shallower than in 2008.[64]

Flood defences[edit]

Work on flood defences started in 2013 in response to the 2008 floods. New flood defences were built in the town centre and a dam with a storage reservoir was built on the Mitford Estate.[65] A second £27m dam was completed in May 2017 to reduce flooding from the Cotting Burn and marked the completion of the Morpeth flood defence plan.[66][67]



The A1, the longest numbered road in the UK, used to pass through Morpeth until the bypass was opened in 1970.[68] Other roads that pass though the town are: A192, A196, A197, B1337, B6343 and the B6524.

Morpeth Northern Bypass

The Morpeth Northern Bypass was a project to decrease traffic congestion in Morpeth town centre and decrease journey times from Pegswood, Ashington and Newbiggin to the A1 and beyond. The Bypass follows on from the Pegswood Bypass at Whorral Bank Roundabout and continues to the St George's Roundabout and then onto Northgate Roundabout and St Leonard's A1 Junction. The Project was completed in 2017, which has allowed increased connectivity to SE Northumberland and beyond.[69][70]


Morpeth's railway station is on the main East Coast Main Line which runs between London and Edinburgh. To the south of the station is a sharp curve which has been the scene of several train crashes.[71][72] A non-passenger line operates between Morpeth and Bedlington.[73] A former line, closed in 1966, ran west from Morpeth to Scots Gap (from where there was a branch line to Rothbury),[74][75] then west to Redesmouth,[75] and lastly south to Hexham.[76]


Arriva North East are the main operator of bus services in the town, with services going to nearby towns and villages such as Pegswood, Guide Post, Ashington, Bedlington or to Newcastle, Alnwick, Amble, Berwick or Widdrington. [77]


The local state school, King Edward VI School, was originally founded as a chantry school in the early 14th century and was located in the Morpeth Chantry.[7] The school was refounded in 1552 by royal charter as the Free Grammar School of King Edward the Sixth,[78] being commonly referred to as the Morpeth Grammar School by locals.[79] The school was renamed to King Edward VI Grammar School by 1947[80] and in the 1970s lost its grammar school status, becoming a comprehensive under the current name.[81]

The town has two middle schools, Newminster and Chantry, which are built next door to one another.[82] It also has several first schools: Abbeyfields First School in Kirkhill, Morpeth First School in Loansdean to the south of the town, Stobhillgate First School in the Stobhillgate housing estate, and Morpeth All Saints' Church of England-aided First School in Lancaster Park, which is located north of the town.[83] Additionally, St. Robert's R.C. First School, a primary school for Roman Catholics, is located in Oldgate, Morpeth.[84]

Religious sites[edit]

The ancient parish church of St Mary the Virgin
Church of St James the Great, built by the architect Benjamin Ferrey in 1846
St Robert of Newminster Roman Catholic Church, consecrated 1 August 1850

Church of England[edit]

The ancient Church of England parish church of Morpeth is St Mary's at High Church,[85] which was the main Anglican place of worship in the area until the 1840s.[86] The church is mostly in the 14th century style.[87][88][89][86] The grave of Emily Wilding Davison lies in St Mary's graveyard.[90][91][92]

In 1843, a public meeting was called to address the lack of attendance at the church, and it was found that the walk to the current church, then on the southern edge of the town, was too much for many of the parishioners.[93][94][95] From this meeting, it was decided to build a new church in the town centre[94][95] and accordingly, the church of St James the Great was consecrated for worship on 15 October 1846.[96][97] Benjamin Ferrey designed the church in a "Neo-Norman" style,[97][95] based on the 12th century Monreale Cathedral, Sicily.[98][99]

A third parish church, St Aidan's, was founded as a mission church in 1957, located on the Stobhill estate on the south-east of the town.[100][101][102]

Roman Catholic Church[edit]

Morpeth's Roman Catholic Church, St Robert of Newminster Church, was built off Oldgate on land adjacent to Admiral Lord Collingwood's house. It was consecrated on 1 August 1850 by the Right Reverend William Hogarth, Bishop of Samosata (later Bishop of Hexham).[103][104][105] Collingwood House is now the presbytery (residence) for the priest in charge of the Church.[106]

United Reformed Church[edit]

Morpeth has had a Presbyterian ministry since 1693. Their first service was held in a tannery loft in the town in February 1693 and in 1721 a chapel was built in Cottingwood Lane,[107] which still exists as a private home. The construction of St. George's United Reformed Church began in 1858 and the first service in the new building was held on 12 April 1860.[108] The Church stands immediately to the north of the Telford Bridge[109] and is in the style of the early English era, containing a stained glass rose window and an octagonal spirelet.[110]

Methodist Church[edit]

The present Methodist Church in Howard Terrace was opened as a Primitive Methodist place of worship on 24 April 1905.[111] Designed by J. Walton Taylor, it was built from local quarry stone. Although the Primitive Methodists were united with the Wesleyan Church to form the Methodist Church of Great Britain in 1932,[112] a separate Wesleyan Church continued to function in Manchester Street until 1964, when the congregations were united at Howard Terrace.[113] The former Wesleyan Church (built in 1883) is currently used as the Explorer Scout headquarters.[114][115]


Morpeth Town A.F.C.,[116][117] Morpeth RFC[118][119] and the Morpeth Golf Club[120][121] play competitively within Morpeth. In addition, the Morpeth Harriers compete in athletics.[122][123] The town also offers opportunities to play sport on a non-competitive basis through facilities such as Carlisle Park,[124] the common for playing golf and football,[125] and the Riverside leisure centre for swimming, indoor sports and fitness gym activities.[126][127] Morpeth Town A.F.C. was the 2016 winner of the FA Vase.[116]

The Morpeth Olympic Games, a professional event consisting mainly of athletics and wrestling, were staged from 1873 until 1958, barring interruptions during the two world wars. The Games were held on the Old Brewery Field until 1896, then at Grange House Field until the First World War. After two years at the town's cricket pitch at Stobhill (1919–20), the Olympics moved to Mount Haggs Field until 1939, and then back to Grange House Field after the war until the end of the games in 1958.[128][129]

In 1730, a racecourse was built for horse racing, which was used until 1854, when the racetrack was replaced with St. George's Hospital.[60][130][131]

The town was the start point of the Morpeth To Newcastle Road Race. This road running race was held annually on New Year's Day from 1902 to 2004, when insurance and policing costs became prohibitively high, and winners included Commonwealth champion Jack Holden and Olympic medallist Mike McLeod.[132][133]


Local news and television programmes are provided by BBC North East and Cumbria and ITV Tyne Tees. Television signals are received from the Pontop Pike and local relay transmitters.[134][135]

Local radio stations are BBC Radio Newcastle on 95.4 FM, Capital North East on 105.3 FM, Heart North East on 101.8 FM, Smooth North East on 97.5 FM, Metro Radio on 97.1 FM, and Koast Radio, a community based radio station which broadcast on 106.6 FM.[136]

The Morpeth Herald is the town's local weekly newspaper.[137]


Morpeth town centre (July 2016)

The historical layout of central Morpeth consisted of Bridge Street, Oldgate Street and Newgate Street, with burgage plots leading off them. Traces of this layout remain: Old Bakehouse Yard off Newgate Street is a former burgage plot, as is Pretoria Avenue, off Oldgate.[138] The town stands directly on what used to be the Great North Road, the old coaching route between London and Edinburgh.[139]

Carlisle Park and a coat of arms
A statue of Emily Wilding Davison commemorating 100 years since women were given the right to vote

Carlisle Park is located on the southern bank of the River Wansbeck in Morpeth.[140] The park has the William Turner Garden,[141][142] one of the only four floral clocks in England,[143] a statue of Emily Wilding Davison,[144][145] as well as other facilities and attractions.[140][146][124] Morpeth's Mafeking Park, at the bottom of Station Bank, was unsuccessfully put forward by locals to be listed as the smallest park in the world in the Guinness Book of Records.[147]

Morpeth Town Hall

Other landmarks are:

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


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