|Developer||The MorphOS Development Team|
|Source model||Closed source (with open source components)|
|Initial release||0.1 / August 1, 2000|
|Latest release||3.9 / June 19, 2015|
|Available in||19 languages|
|Platforms||Pegasos, some models of Amiga, EFIKA, Mac Mini G4, eMac, Power Mac G4, PowerBook G4, iBook G4, Power Mac G5, SAM 460|
|Default user interface||Ambient|
|License||Proprietary with GNU GPL Ambient user interface|
MorphOS is an AmigaOS-like computer operating system. It is a mixed proprietary and open source OS produced for the Pegasos PowerPC processor based computer, PowerUP accelerator equipped Amiga computers, and a series of Freescale development boards that use the Genesi firmware, including the EFIKA and mobileGT. Since MorphOS 2.4, Apple's Mac Mini G4 is supported as well, and with the release of MorphOS 2.5 and MorphOS 2.6 the eMac and PowerMac G4 models are respectively supported. The release of MorphOS 3.2 added limited support for PowerMac G5. The core, based on the Quark microkernel, is proprietary, although several libraries and other parts are open source, such as Ambient desktop.
- 1 Characteristics and versions
- 2 Components
- 3 MorphOS software
- 4 Supported hardware
- 5 History
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Characteristics and versions
Developed for PowerPC processors from Freescale and IBM while supporting the original AmigaOS MC680x0 applications via proprietary task-based emulation, and most AmigaOS/PPC applications via API wrappers. It is API compatible with AmigaOS 3.1 and has a GUI based on MUI.
Besides the Pegasos version of MorphOS, there is a version for Amiga computers equipped with PowerUP accelerator cards produced by Phase5. This version is free, although it does slow down after each two-hour session if it has not been registered. Registration is free. PowerUP MorphOS was most recently updated on 23 February 2006; however, it does not exceed the feature set or advancement of the Pegasos release.
A version of MorphOS for the EFIKA, a very small mainboard based on the ultra-low wattage MPC5200B processor from Freescale, has been shown at exhibitions and user-gatherings in Germany. Current (since 2.0) release of MorphOS supports the EFIKA.
ABox is an emulation sandbox featuring a PPC native AmigaOS API clone that is binary compatible with both 68k Amiga applications and both PowerUP and WarpOS formats of Amiga PPC executables. ABox is based in part on AROS Research Operating System. ABox includes Trance JIT code translator for 68k native Amiga applications.
- AHI – audio interface: 6.7
- Ambient desktop – the default MorphOS desktop, inspired by Workbench and Directory Opus 1.43
- CyberGraphX – graphics interface originally developed for Amiga computers: 5.1
- Magic User Interface – primary GUI toolkit: 4.2
- Poseidon – the Amiga USB stack developed by Chris Hodges
- TurboPrint – the printing system
- TinyGL – OpenGL implementation and Warp3D compatibility is featured via RAVE low-level API: V 51
- Quark – manages the low level systems
MorphOS can run any system friendly Amiga software written for 68k processors. It also provides compatibility layer for PowerUP and WarpUP software written for PowerUP accelerator cards. The largest repository is Aminet with over 75000 packages online with packages from all Amiga flavors including music, sound and artwork. MorphOS only software repositories are hosted at MorphOS software and MorphOS files.
- Amiga 1200 with Blizzard PPC accelerator card
- Amiga 3000 with CyberStorm PPC accelerator card
- Amiga 4000 with CyberStorm PPC accelerator card
The project started in 1999, based on the Quark microkernel. The earliest versions of MorphOS ran only via PPC accelerator cards on the Amiga computers, and required portions of AmigaOS to fully function. A collaborative effort between the companies bPlan (of which the lead MorphOS developer is a partner) and Thendic-France in 2002 resulted in the first regular, non-prototype production of bPlan-engineered Pegasos computers capable of running MorphOS or Linux. A busy promotional year followed in 2003, with appearances at conventions and exhibitions in several places around the world, including CES in Las Vegas. Thendic-France had financial problems and folded; however, the collaboration continued under the new banner of "Genesi".
After some bitter disagreements within the MorphOS development team in 2003 and 2004, culminating with accusations by a MorphOS developer that he and others had not been paid, the Ambient desktop interface was released under GPL and is now actively developed by the Ambient development team. Subject to GPL rules, Ambient continues to be included in the commercial MorphOS product. An alternative MorphOS desktop system is Scalos.
On April 1, 2008, the MorphOS team announced that MorphOS 2.0 would be released within Q2/2008. This promise was only kept by a few seconds, with the release of MorphOS 2.0 occurring on June 30, 2008 23:59 CET. MorphOS 2 is commercially available at a price of 150 EUR per machine (111.11 EUR as a special promotion within the first two weeks of its release). A fully functional demo of MorphOS is available, but without a keyfile, its speed is decreased significantly after 30 minutes of use.
Release history of 0.x/1.x series
|0.1||August 1, 2000||Amiga|
|0.2||October 17, 2000||Amiga|
|0.4||February 14, 2001||New MorphOS 0.4 Release||3rd Release|
|0.5||May 1, 2001||Amiga|
|0.8||August 2001||Amiga, Pegasos I|
|0.9||2002||MorphOS 0.9 video||beta|
|1.0||14 October, 2002||Pegasos I|
|1.1||December 13, 2002||Pegasos I|
|1.2||February 9, 2003||Pegasos I|
|1.3||March 27, 2003||Pegasos I|
|1.4||August 7, 2003||Pegasos I|
|1.4.4||March 28, 2005||Pegasos I/II|
|1.4.5||April 30, 2005||Pegasos I/II|
|1.4.5||August 25, 2005||PowerUP||Amiga|
Release history of 2.x/3.x series
|2.0||June 30, 2008||MorphOS 2.0 release notes||Added support for Efika 5200B platform|
|2.1||September 6, 2008||MorphOS 2.1 release notes|
|2.2||December 20, 2008||MorphOS 2.2 release notes|
|2.3||August 6, 2009||MorphOS 2.3 release notes|
|2.4||October 12, 2009||MorphOS 2.4 release notes||Added support for Mac mini G4|
|2.5||June 4, 2010||MorphOS 2.5 release notes||Added support for eMac G4|
|2.6||October 10, 2010||MorphOS 2.6 release notes||Added support for Power Mac G4|
|2.7||December 2, 2010||MorphOS 2.7 release notes|
|3.0||June 8, 2012||MorphOS 3.0 release notes||Added support for PowerBook G4|
|3.1||July 8, 2012||MorphOS 3.1 release notes|
|3.2||May 27, 2013||MorphOS 3.2 release notes||Added support for further PowerBook G4 models, iBook G4 and Power Mac G5|
|3.3||September 18, 2013||MorphOS 3.3 release notes|
|3.4||December 14, 2013||MorphOS 3.4 release notes|
|3.5||February 15, 2014||MorphOS 3.5 release notes|
|3.6||June 27, 2014||MorphOS 3.6 release notes|
|3.7||August 3, 2014||MorphOS 3.7 release notes|
|3.8||May 15, 2015||MorphOS 3.8 release notes|
|3.9||June 19, 2015||MorphOS 3.9 release notes|
MorphOS 2 includes a native TCP/IP stack ("Netstack") and a web browser, Sputnik or Origyn Web Browser. Sputnik was begun under a user community bounty system that also resulted in MOSNet, a free, separate TCP/IP stack for MorphOS 1 users. Sputnik is a port of the KHTML rendering engine, which WebKit is also based on. Sputnik is no longer developed and was removed from later MorphOS 2 releases.
- Version 2.0
MorphOS 2.0 was released on June 30, 2008. The new version included (along other improvements) the previously missing native TCP/IP stack, an updated Sputnik release, AltiVec support, alpha compositing 3D layers for the graphical user interface, new USB components (including USB 2.0 support), new screenblankers, and Reggae, a new, modular, streaming multimedia framework. MorphOS 2.0 also included support for the EFIKA, Pegasos I and Pegasos II machines.
- Version 2.1
On September 5, 2008, MorphOS 2.1 was released, fixing numerous bugs and adding support for the EFIKA's audio.
- Version 2.2
On December 20, 2008, MorphOS 2.2 was released, fixing numerous bugs, adding a TrueCrypt-compatible disk encryption suite and several small items.
- Version 2.3
On August 6, 2009, MorphOS 2.3 was released, fixing numerous bugs, adding Origyn Web Browser as the default browser, read only HFS+ filesystem support and several small items.
- Version 2.4
On October 12, 2009, MorphOS 2.4 was released, adding support for Mac Mini G4 platform, as well as fixing various bugs and adding new features. Write support for Mac HFS disks were added and new charsets.library was included to provide better multilingual application support.
- Version 2.5
- Version 2.6
On October 10, 2010, MorphOS 2.6 was released, adding support for Power Mac G4 platforms and 2D drivers for Rage 128 Pro graphics cards., Released at precisely 10.10.10 10:10
- Version 2.7
On December 2, 2010, MorphOS 2.7 was released, improving support for Power Mac G4 platforms and fixing various bugs.
- Version 3.0
On June 8, 2012, MorphOS 3.0 was released, introducing support for PowerBook G4, including several performance improvements and new features and fixing various bugs.
- Version 3.1
On July 8, 2012 MorphOS 3.1 was released. MorphOS 3.1 is a bug fix release.
- Version 3.2
On May 27, 2013, MorphOS 3.2 was released, introducing support for further PowerBook G4 models, all iBook G4 models and Power Mac G5 model A1047. Radeon 3D drivers were updated to support R300 based cards. Wireless networking is now supported via Atheros chipset. MorphOS TCP/IP stack ("NetStack") received a major overhaul, improving networking performance.
- Version 3.3
On September 18, 2013, MorphOS 3.3 was released. MorphOS 3.3 is a bug fix release. In particular this release fixes support for some iBook G4 models.
- Version 3.4
On December 14, 2013, MorphOS 3.4 was released. MorphOS 3.4 improves R300 3D and G5 video playback performance. It also adds support for non-native display resolutions on various PowerBook models.
- Version 3.5
On February 15, 2014, MorphOS 3.5 was released. MorphOS 3.5 is a bug fix release. It also adds support for PowerMac7,2 Power Mac G5 models.
- Version 3.6
On June 27, 2014, MorphOS 3.6 was released. MorphOS 3.6 notable new features include built-in Broadcom Wi-Fi support, AMD R400 support, SMBFS filesystem, VNC server and a Synergy client.
- Version 3.7
On August 3, 2014, MorphOS 3.7 was released. MorphOS 3.7 is a bug fix release.
- Version 3.8
On May 15, 2015, MorphOS 3.8 was released. MorphOS 3.8 added support for ACube's Sam 460 series of mainboards. This release also improves Radeon graphics card support by adding support for numerous new cards, including some of the HD series. In addition to various performance improvements MorphOS 3.8 also adds the ability to use 4K displays in their native resolution.
- Version 3.9
On June 19, 2015, MorphOS 3.9 was released. MorphOS 3.9 is a bug fix release.
- "Basic Kernel Information". MorphOS Home Page. Retrieved 2007-03-21.
- Piru (February 23, 2006). "Announcements : Updated MorphOS for PowerUP Users". Amiga.org. Archived from the original on 2007-03-14. Retrieved 2007-03-21.
- Thom Holwerda (August 24, 2005). "MorphOS 1.4.5 Released for Classic Amiga". OSNews. Retrieved 2007-03-21.
- Thom Holwerda (October 17, 2006). "MorphOS 1.5 Running on EFIKA to Be Shown". OSNews. Retrieved 2007-03-21.
- Frank Mariak (December 25, 2013). "MorphOS on Apple G4 Cube?". Retrieved 2013-12-25.
- Chris Haynes (March 21, 2007). "Scalos - The Amiga Desktop Replacement". Retrieved 2007-03-21.
- "MorphOS 2.0". Retrieved 2010-06-19.
- "Morph Bounties". MorphZone. Archived from the original on 2007-03-06. Retrieved 2007-03-12.