Morpheus (mythology)

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English: Morpheus by Jean-Bernard Restout

Morpheus (/ˈmɔːrfiəs/ or /ˈmɔːrfjuːs/) is a Greek god of dreams who appears in Ovid's Metamorphoses.[1]

Mythology[edit]

The Roman poet Ovid states in his Metamorphoses that Morpheus is a son of Hypnos and reports that he had a thousand siblings, with Morpheus, Phobetor and Phantasos being merely the most prominent among them.[2] Robert Burton, in his 1621 Anatomy of Melancholy, refers to Classical depictions of Morpheus, saying "Philostaratus paints [Morpheus] in a white and black coat, with a horn and ivory box full of dreams, of the same colours, to signify good and bad".[3] In myth, Morpheus was also said to send dreams through one of two gates, one of ivory, and the other of horn.[citation needed] Starting in the medieval period, the name Morpheus began to stand generally for the god of dreams or of sleep.[4] In Carl Michael Bellman's Fredman's Epistle No. 72, "Glimmande nymf", Morpheus is invoked as the god of sleep.[5]

Gallery[edit]

Derivation[edit]

  • The name of the opiate drug morphine is derived from the name of Morpheus.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses 11.633 ff.
  2. ^ Ovid (1836) p.54
  3. ^ Burton (2001)(Pr. 2, Sec. 2)
  4. ^ Kearns (1996)
  5. ^ Britten Austin, Paul. The Life and Songs of Carl Michael Bellman: Genius of the Swedish Rococo. Allhem, Malmö American-Scandinavian Foundation, New York, 1967, pages 87–88. ISBN 978-3-932759-00-0

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Morpheus – The God of Dreams