Morpho helenor

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Helenor Morpho
M. h. pindarus dorsal
Common blue morpho (Morpho helenor helenor).jpg
M. h. helenor ventral
Cristalino River
Southern Amazon, Brazil
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Tribe: Morphini
Genus: Morpho
Species: M. helenor
Binomial name
Morpho helenor
(Cramer, 1776)

many, see text

The Helenor Morpho or Common Blue Morpho (Morpho helenor) is a Neotropical butterfly found in Panama, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Mexico, Surinam, French Guiana, Bolivia, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, Honduras, Guatemala, Paraguay, Brazil, Argentina, and in Trinidad and Tobago. It is a species group that may or may not be several species. Many subspecies have been described.


The larvae are recorded as feeding on Genipa americana, Inga, Machaerium oblongifolium and Platymiscium (all records for ssp. achillaena (Hübner, [1823])

Morpho helenor helenor[edit]


Listed alphabetically.[1]

  • M. h. achillaena (Hübner, [1823])
  • M. h. achillides C. & R. Felder, 1867
  • M. h. anakreon Fruhstorfer, 1910
  • M. h. charapensis Le Moult & Réal, 1962
  • M. h. coelestis Butler, 1866
  • M. h. cortone Fruhstorfer, 1913
  • M. h. corydon Guenée, 1859
  • M. h. guerrerensis Le Moult & Réal, 1962
  • M. h. helenor (Cramer, 1776)
  • M. h. insularis Fruhstorfer, 1912
  • M. h. leontius C. & R. Felder, 1867
  • M. h. macrophthalmus Fruhstorfer, 1913
  • M. h. maculata Röber, 1903
  • M. h. marajoensis Le Moult & Réal, 1962
  • M. h. marinita Butler, 1872
  • M. h. montezuma Guenée, 1859
  • M. h. narcissus Staudinger, 1887
  • M. h. octavia Bates, 1864
  • M. h. papirius Hopffer, 1874
  • M. h. peleides Kollar, 1850 now in Morpho peleides
  • M. h. peleus Röber, 1903
  • M. h. pindarus Fruhstorfer, 1910
  • M. h. popilius Hopffer, 1874
  • M. h. rugitaeniatus Fruhstorfer, 1907
  • M. h. telamon Röber, 1903
  • M. h. theodorus Fruhstorfer, 1907
  • M. h. tucupita Le Moult, 1925
  • M. h. ululina Le Moult & Réal, 1962
  • M. h. violaceus Fruhstorfer, 1912
  • M. h. zonaras Fruhstorfer, 1912


  1. ^ M. helenor,
  • Le Moult (E.) & Réal (P.) (1962-1963). Les Morpho d'Amérique du Sud et Centrale, Editions du cabinet entomologique E. Le Moult, Paris.
  • Smart, Paul (1976). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World in Color. London, Salamander: Encyclopedie des papillons. Lausanne, Elsevier Sequoia (French language edition). ISBN 9780948427046 ISBN 0600313816 page 237 fig. 6 as hyacinthus (Mexico), fig. 8 as montezuma Guen, underside (Honduras), page 237 fig. 10 as achillaena f. violacea Fruhstorfer, underside (Brazil), fig. 11 as achillaena f. violacea Fruhstorfer, upperside (Brazil)

External links[edit]