10 July 1931 |
Ningbo, Zhejiang, Republic of China
|Alma mater||Massachusetts Institute of Technology (B.S., 1952; M.S., 1953)
Stanford University (Ph.D., 1964)
|Occupation||Chairman and CEO of TSMC|
|Spouse(s)||Sophia Chang Shu-fen|
Morris Chang (traditional Chinese: 張忠謀; simplified Chinese: 张忠谋; pinyin: Zhāng Zhōngmóu; born July 10, 1931), is the founding Chairman of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Ltd. (TSMC) in 1987. TSMC pioneered the "dedicated silicon foundry" industry and is the largest silicon foundry in the world. Morris is known as the father of Taiwan's chip industry.
Chang was born in Ningbo, Zhejiang. When he was younger, he had wanted to become a writer, such as a novelist or journalist. However, his father, an official in the Ningbo county government, persuaded him otherwise. In 1948, as China was in the height of the Chinese Civil War, Chang moved to Hong Kong. The very next year he moved yet again to the United States to attend Harvard University. He transferred to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and received his Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degrees in Mechanical Engineering from MIT in 1952 and 1953, respectively. After leaving MIT without obtaining a Ph.D., he sought to find a job and was hired by Sylvania Semiconductor, then just known as a small semiconductor division of Sylvania Electric Products, in 1955. Three years after working at Sylvania Semiconductor, he moved onto Texas Instruments in 1958, which was then rapidly rising in its field. After three years at TI, he rose to become the manager of the engineering section of the company. It was then, in 1961, that Texas Instruments decided to invest in him by giving him the opportunity to obtain his Ph.D or Doctorate degree. He received his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University in 1964.
During his 25-year career (1958–1983) at Texas Instruments, he rose up in the ranks to become the Group Vice President responsible for TI's worldwide semiconductor business. He left Texas Instruments to become President and Chief Operating Officer of General Instrument Corporation (1984–1985).
Morris Chang worked on a four-transistor project for TI where the manufacturing was done by IBM. This was one of the early semiconductor foundry relationships. Also at TI, Morris pioneered the then controversial idea of pricing semiconductors ahead of the cost curve, or sacrificing early profits to gain market share and achieve manufacturing yields that would result in greater long-term profits.
However, after he left General Instrument Corporation, the government of Taiwan recruited him to become Chairman and President of the Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI). As head of a government-sponsored non-profit, he was in charge of promoting industrial and technological development in Taiwan. Chang founded TSMC in 1987, the beginning of the period where firms increasingly saw value in outsourcing their manufacturing capabilities to Asia. Soon, TSMC became one of the world's most profitable chip makers. Chang left ITRI in 1994 and became Chairman of Vanguard International Semiconductor Corporation from 1994 to 2003 while continuing to serve as chairman of TSMC. In 2005, he handed TSMC's CEO position to Rick Tsai.
As of June 2009, Chang returned to the position of TSMC's CEO once again.
- National Academy of Engineering (U.S.A)
- MIT Corporation, MIT's board of trustees, Life Member Emeritus
- NYSE, Stanford University, and University of California, Berkeley advisory boards
- Eisenhower Fellowship Trustees
- Goldman Sachs former member
- Office of the President of the Republic of China advisor
- Committee of 100
- 1952, "Bachelor of Science" MIT
- 1953, "Master of Science" MIT
- 1964, Electrical Engineering Ph.D. Stanford University
- 1997, National Chiao-Tung University honorary doctorate
- National Tsing Hua University honorary doctorate
- National Central University honorary doctorate
- Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (U.S.A) honorary doctorate
- 1998, "Top 25 Managers of the Year" and "Stars of Asia" by Business Week.
- 1998, "One of The Most Significant Contributors in the 50 years of Semiconductor Industry" by Bank of America Robertson Stephens.
- 1999, "Exemplary Leadership Award" from the Fabless Semiconductor Association (now Global Semiconductor Alliance), the first recipient of the award; now the award bears his name, "Dr. Morris Chang Exemplary Leadership Award"
- 2000, IEEE Robert N. Noyce Medal for Exceptional Contributions to Microelectronics Industry.
- 2005, "Nikkei Asia Prize" for Regional Growth
- 2005, "Top 10 Most Influential Leaders of the World" by Electronic Business.
- 2007, Received the Computer History Museum's Fellow Award, for dramatically accelerating the production of semiconductor-based devices and systems by developing an independent semiconductor manufacturing foundry.
- 2008, "Semiconductor Industry Association's Robert N. Noyce Award"
- 2009, "EE Times Annual Creativity in Electronics Lifetime Achievement Award"
- 2011, IEEE Medal of Honor.
- Tekla S. Perry, Morris Chang: Foundry Father, IEEE Spectrum, http://spectrum.ieee.org/at-work/tech-careers/morris-chang-foundry-father
- Perry, supra n. 1
- "Morris Chang '52 Life Member Emeritus". MIT. Retrieved 2015-02-05.
- Dr. Morris Chang Exemplary Leadership Award Nomination Form
- "IEEE Robert N. Noyce Medal Recipients" (PDF). IEEE. Retrieved May 12, 2011.
- Nikkei Asia Prize, List of Winners
- "Morris Chang". Computer History Museum. Retrieved 2013-05-23.
- "IEEE Medal of Honor Recipients" (PDF). IEEE. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- Chiao-Tung University Alumni (Traditional Chinese)
- Who's Who in Taiwan 2003
- Committee of 100 member profile
- World's Most Successful Immigrants
- I'm Willing to Start from Scratch CommonWealth Megazine, 2009-06-18
- SEMI Oral History Interview Computer History Museum 2007-08-24
- "Foundry Father: Morris Chang", by Tekla S. Perry, IEEE Spectrum, Vol. 48, no. 5 (NA), May 2011, Pages 46–50