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10 July 1931 |
Ningbo, Zhejiang, Republic of China (1912–49)
|Residence||Hsinchu and Taipei, Taiwan|
|Alma mater||Massachusetts Institute of Technology (BS, 1952; MS, 1953)
Stanford University (PhD, 1964)
|Occupation||Founding and current chairman and CEO of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC)|
|Net worth||US$1 billion+ (July 2017)|
|Spouse(s)||Sophie Chang (張淑芬)|
|Parent(s)||Hsu Chun-wei, Chang Wei-kuan|
Morris Chang (Chinese: 張忠謀; pinyin: Zhāng Zhōngmóu; born 10 July 1931), a Taiwanese technology tycoon, the founding and current chairman and CEO of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC). TSMC pioneered the "dedicated silicon foundry" industry and is the largest silicon foundry in the world. Chang is known as the father of Taiwan's chip industry.
Chang was born in Ningbo, Zhejiang, Republic of China (1912–49). When he was younger, he had wanted to become a writer, such as a novelist or journalist. However, his father, an official in the Ningbo county government, persuaded him otherwise. In 1948], as China was in the height of the Chinese Civil War, a year before Chinese Communist Party took over mainland China, Chang moved to British Hong Kong.
The very next year he moved yet again to the United States to attend Harvard University. He transferred to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and received his bachelor's and master's degrees in mechanical engineering from MIT in 1952 and 1953, respectively. After leaving MIT without obtaining a PhD, he was hired by Sylvania Semiconductor, then just known as a small semiconductor division of Sylvania Electric Products, in 1955. Three years later, he moved to Texas Instruments in 1958, which was then rapidly rising in its field. After three years at TI, he rose to manager of the engineering section of the company. It was then, in 1961, that TI decided to invest in him by giving him the opportunity to obtain his PhD degree, which he received in electrical engineering from Stanford University in 1964.
During his 25-year career (1958–1983) at Texas Instruments, he rose up in the ranks to become the group vice president responsible for TI's worldwide semiconductor business. He left TI to become president and chief operating officer of General Instrument Corporation (1984–1985).
Chang worked on a four-transistor project for TI where the manufacturing was done by IBM. This was one of the early semiconductor foundry relationships. Also at TI, Morris pioneered the then controversial idea of pricing semiconductors ahead of the cost curve, or sacrificing early profits to gain market share and achieve manufacturing yields that would result in greater long-term profits.
However, after he left General Instrument Corporation, the government of Taiwan recruited him to become chairman and president of the Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI). As head of a government-sponsored non-profit, he was in charge of promoting industrial and technological development in Taiwan. Chang founded TSMC in 1987, the beginning of the period where firms increasingly saw value in outsourcing their manufacturing capabilities to Asia. Soon, TSMC became one of the world's most profitable chip makers. Chang left ITRI in 1994 and became chairman of Vanguard International Semiconductor Corporation from 1994 to 2003 while continuing to serve as chairman of TSMC. In 2005, he handed TSMC's CEO position to Rick Tsai.
- National Academy of Engineering (US)
- MIT Corporation, MIT's board of trustees, Life Member Emeritus
- NYSE, Stanford University, and University of California, Berkeley advisory boards
- Eisenhower Fellowship Trustees
- Goldman Sachs former member of board of directors
- Office of the President of the Republic of China advisor
- Committee of 100
- 1997, National Chiao-Tung University
- National Tsing Hua University
- National Central University
- Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (US)
Awards and recognition
- 1998, "Top 25 Managers of the Year" and "Stars of Asia" by Business Week.
- 1998, "One of The Most Significant Contributors in the 50 years of Semiconductor Industry" by Bank of America Robertson Stephens.
- 1999, "Exemplary Leadership Award" from the Fabless Semiconductor Association (now Global Semiconductor Alliance), the first recipient of the award; now the award bears his name, "Dr. Morris Chang Exemplary Leadership Award"
- 2000, IEEE Robert N. Noyce Medal for Exceptional Contributions to Microelectronics Industry.
- 2005, "Nikkei Asia Prize" for Regional Growth
- 2005, "Top 10 Most Influential Leaders of the World" by Electronic Business.
- 2007, Received the Computer History Museum's Fellow Award, for dramatically accelerating the production of semiconductor-based devices and systems by developing an independent semiconductor manufacturing foundry.
- 2008, "Semiconductor Industry Association's Robert N. Noyce Award"
- 2009, "EE Times Annual Creativity in Electronics Lifetime Achievement Award"
- 2011, IEEE Medal of Honor.
- 2011, "R.O.C. Order of the Brilliant Star"
- 2011, "SEMI Akira Inoue award for Environmental, Health and Safety Leadership"
- 2013, "Barron's 2013 World's 30 Best CEOs"
- 2014, "SPIE Visionary Award"
- 2014, "Stanford Engineering Hero by Stanford University"
- "Asia's New Billionaire; China Sperm Count: Evening Briefing Asia". Bloomberg. 13 July 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- Tekla S. Perry, Morris Chang: Foundry Father, IEEE Spectrum, http://spectrum.ieee.org/at-work/tech-careers/morris-chang-foundry-father
- Perry, supra n. 1
- "Morris Chang ’52 Life Member Emeritus". MIT. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- Dr. Morris Chang Exemplary Leadership Award Nomination Form
- "IEEE Robert N. Noyce Medal Recipients" (PDF). IEEE. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
- Nikkei Asia Prize, List of Winners
- "Computer History Museum Names Morris Chang, John Hennessy, David Patterson and Charles Thacker to List of Fellow Award Honorees; Celebrates Twentieth Anniversary of Fellow Award Program". Computer History Museum. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- "IEEE Medal of Honor Recipients" (PDF). IEEE. Retrieved 23 February 2011.