Morris H. Chapman
Morris H. Chapman (born November 21, 1940) was elected president and chief executive officer of the Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) Executive Committee on October 1, 1992. In September 2009 he announced that he would retire from this position effective September 30, 2010.
Chapman was born in Kosciusko, Mississippi on November 21, 1940. He graduated from Mississippi College in Clinton, Mississippi (1963) and earned the Master of Divinity (1968) and Doctor of Ministry (1975) degrees from Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary in Fort Worth, Texas. He was awarded three honorary degrees, the Doctor of Sacred Theology, Southwest Baptist University, Bolivar, Missouri (1985); the Doctor of Divinity, Mississippi College (1992); and the Doctor of Sacred Theology, Grand Canyon University, Phoenix, Arizona (2005).
He served as pastor of First Baptist Church in Rogers, Texas (1967–1969), First Baptist Church of Woodway in Waco, Texas (1969–1974), and First Baptist Church in Albuquerque, New Mexico (1974-1979), where he also served as president of the New Mexico Baptist Convention (1976-1978). He became pastor of First Baptist Church in Wichita Falls, Texas (1979–1992), and was president of the 1986 SBC Pastors' Conference in Atlanta.
In June 1990, the theologically conservative Chapman, then still based in Wichita Falls, defeated the "moderate" Baptist choice, the Reverend Daniel Vestal of Dunwoody near Atlanta, Georgia for the SBC presidency. The vote was 21,471 (58 percent) to 15,753 (42 percent).
Chapman was president of the SBC until 1992, when he was elected president and CEO of the SBC Executive Committee. His successive elections to these positions marked the start of a long period of conservative dominance of the SBC.
In February 2003, Chapman called on Southern Baptists to return to their heritage. Talking of their settled conviction of the truth of the gospels, Chapman said that "Our forefathers drank from the deep, pure well named 'sound theology.'"
In November 2005, Chapman defended the SBC against what he saw as harsh criticism about the church's conservative direction in former U.S. President Jimmy Carter's book, Our Endangered Values and attacked Carter's positions on subjects such as abortion and homosexuality. In January 2007, Carter and former President Bill Clinton proposed that a broadly inclusive alternative Baptist movement should be established to counter what they called a "negative image" of Baptists. Chapman disputed the contention that Baptists had a negative image, and pointed out that the SBC was by no means a "white" organization since of the 43,071 churches 4,742 said they were mainly "ethnic" and 2,085 said they were mainly African-American.
In June 2006, Chapman said that an excessive emphasis on Calvinism should be avoided to prevent division in the church. He called on Baptists to avoid disputing minor issues and to commit to cooperation in missions to spread the word of Jesus throughout the world. His 2009 report to the SBC noted "a resurgence in the belief that divine sovereignty alone is at work in salvation without a faith response on the part of man." This drew criticism as being unacceptable to Calvinists, and Chapman hastened to clarify that he was not denying the importance of faith but was asserting that it is a gift of God.
Talking in February 2009 about the financial crisis in the USA, Chapman called for a spiritual awakening among Christians are willing "to abandon all of self for all of Christ".
In June 2009, Chapman advocated launching a Christian alternative to public education, saying that "In far too many public schools throughout the country our children are being bombarded with secular reasoning, situational ethics. and moral erosion".
Great Commission Resurgence
In May 2009, Chapman spoke out against the Great Commission Resurgence Declaration, specifically Article IX of this declaration which was critical of the organization of the SBC and proposed a number of changes. In September 2009, while announcing his plan to retire, Chapman said he would launch an initiative to support a "Great Commission Resurgence". The Great Commission Resurgence task force formed by SBC President Johnny Hunt, which was chaired by Ronnie Floyd, issued a report in May 2010 pressing for a revival of evangelism in the face of declining baptisms and outlining new responsibilities for Southern Baptist mission organizations. At their annual meeting in June 2010 the members of the Southern Baptist Convention overwhelming endorsed the report.
Chapman publicly opposed the report, saying "the recommendations are about moving the chairs on the deck of the Titanic while the ship goes down into an icy, watery grave". He issued a list of alternate recommendations to those given by the task force. In his final report prior to his retirement to the annual meeting of the Southern Baptist Convention in Orlando in June 2010, Chapman said the last five recommendations of the task force did not sufficiently address spiritual needs, but instead concentrated on organizational issues.
- Morris Chapman (1984). Youth Affirm: the doctrine of Christ. Convention Press.
- Morris Chapman (1987). Jesus: Author and Finisher. Broadman Press.
- Morris Chapman (1991). The Wedding Collection: 26 Basic Wedding Ceremonies for Pastors. B&H Publishing Group. ISBN 0-8054-2004-5.
- Morris Chapman (1992). Faith: Taking God at His Word. Broadman Press. ISBN 0-8054-5354-7.
- Southern Baptist Convention
- Southern Baptist Convention Presidents
- List of Southern Baptist Convention affiliated people
- "A Biography". Morris Chapman. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Art Toalston (September 30, 2009). "Chapman to vacate Executive Committee post next September". Baptist Courier. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- "A Legacy of Leadership and Vision". SBC LIFE. Retrieved August 2010. Check date values in:
- "Baptists select fundamentalist", Minden Press-Herald, Minden, Louisiana, June 13, 1990, p. 1
- Michael Foust (November 15, 2005). "Adrian Rogers, longtime Bellevue pastor and leader in Conservative Resurgence, dies". Baptist Press. Archived from the original on August 21, 2010. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Erin Curry (February 18, 2003). "Chapman urges Southern Baptists to re-dig wells that refreshed previous generations". Baptist Press. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Jon Walker (June 21, 2004). "Chapman: SBC must be conservative & cooperative". Baptist Press. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Morris H. Chapman (November 11, 2005). "A democracy Jimmy Carter cannot support". Baptist Press. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Erin Roach (January 10, 2007). "Carter & Clinton call for 'New Baptist Covenant'". Baptist Press. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- David Roach (June 13, 2006). "'Major on the majors,' Chapman exhorts Southern Baptists". Baptist Press. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Morris H. Chapman (July 15, 2009). "Clarification of Intent". Morris Chapman. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Mark Kelly (February 17, 2009). "In financial crisis, Chapman calls for faith". Baptist Press. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Robert Parham (June 10, 2009). "Southern Baptist Convention Top Exec Boosts Anti-Public School Agenda". Ethics Daily. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Morris Chapman (May 29, 2009). "FIRST PERSON: "This One Thing I Do" (Philippians 3:12-14)". Baptist Press. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Bob Allen (September 21, 2009). "Morris Chapman to retire in 2010". Associated Baptist Press. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Christie Storm (May 20, 2010). "Sharper focus". Northwest Arkansas Newspapers, LLC. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Frank Lockwood (June 16, 2010). "Baptists elect chief, call for evangelism surge". Northwest Arkansas Newspapers, LLC. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Bob Allen (June 15, 2010). "Southern Baptists rally around 'Great Commission'". Word & Way. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- "'A Better Way Ahead' –- alternate recommendations released by EC's Chapman". Baptist Press. June 4, 2010. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Erin Roach (June 15, 2010). "Chapman: SBC's greatest needs spiritual". Baptist Press. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
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