Morris Ranch, Texas
Morris Ranch, Texas
The old Morris Ranch Hotel
|Elevation||1,742 ft (531 m)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1341940|
Morris Ranch is a ghost town, located 8.5 miles (13.7 km) southwest of Fredericksburg in Gillespie County, in the U.S. state of Texas. The area was begun as a thoroughbred horse ranch by New Yorker Francis Morris in 1856, and the town grew up around it. In 1962, the school district was merged with Fredericksburg Independent School District, and the Morris Ranch school ceased operations. The Morris Ranch school was designated a Recorded Texas Historic Landmark in 1980, Marker number 10086. The school was added to the National Register of Historic Places listings in Texas, in March 29, 1983, NRHP Reference #:83003142.
In 1856, New York City broker Francis Morris bought 23,000 acres (93.08 km2; 35.94 sq mi) of land in Gillespie and Kerr counties for twenty-five cents an acre. He eventually sold off all but 16,000 acres (64.75 km2; 25.00 sq mi), and hired his nephew Charles Morris to manage the acreage for horse breeding. Charles was ranch manager until 1910.
Francis Morris died in 1886. The land was inherited by his son John A. Morris, who spent $500,000 on capital improvements and converted the property into a community dedicated to the business of raising thoroughbred horses. The improvements included a hotel for entertaining influential and important individuals, a general store and post office, a school, a cotton gin, and a flour mill. Approximately 200 mares and ten stallions were at the ranch, with yearling colts either being sold or boarded at the Morris stables in Winchester Park, Maryland. Adjacent to the ranch was a racetrack and living quarters for the jockeys, where Hall of Fame Thoroughbred racehorse trainer Max Hirsch got his start.
Anti-gambling legislation passed in New Jersey and New York around the turn of the 20th Century caused the horse racing industry to go into decline, and Morris Ranch along with it. The ranch was inherited by John's sons Alfred and David Morris and eventually by Alfred's son Captain John A. Morris.
Clayton Morris succeeded Charles Morris as manager, and in 1902 sold the horses and subdivided the ranch into tenant cotton farms. Clayton's son Reginald inherited the ranch from his father, but it was no longer a vital business. Although some of the original buildings were still standing in the year 2000, the population began a decline after the subdivision happened. By 1968, no population was listed.
When the Morris Ranch post office opened in 1893, Guy D. Anderson was the first postmaster. He was succeeded by Charles Morris in 1894, who was subsequently succeeded by Clayton Morris in 1910. Clayton Morris served as postmaster until the post office closed in 1954 when the Morris Ranch store was shut down.
- Baker, T. Lindsay (1991). Ghost Towns of Texas. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0-8061-2189-5.
- Baker, T. Lindsay (2005). More Ghost Towns of Texas. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0-8061-3724-7.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Morris Ranch has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
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- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "THC-Morris Ranch School". Texas Historical Commission. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "Morris Ranch Schoolhouse". Texas Historic Landmark. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "National Register of Historic Places-Gillespie Co, Tx". e U.S. Dept. of Interior. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- Kohout, Martin Donell. "Morris Ranch, Tx community". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "Max Hirsch". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- Kohout, Martin Donell. "Morris Ranch". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "Texas Escapes-Morris Ranch". Texas Escapes – Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "Morris Ranch Postmasters". Jim Wheat. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- Byrd, Kenneth. "The Apparition". Gillespie County Historical Society. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- Mary Elizabeth Simmons Byrd at Find a Grave
- Climate Summary for Morris Ranch, Texas