Morsbach

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Morsbach
Coat of arms of Morsbach
Coat of arms
Morsbach is located in Germany
Morsbach
Morsbach
Location of Morsbach within Oberbergischer Kreis district
Rhein-Sieg-KreisOberbergischer KreisRheinisch-Bergischer KreisNorth Rhine-WestphaliaRemscheidWuppertalEnnepe-Ruhr-KreisMärkischer KreisOlpe (district)Siegen-WittgensteinRhineland-PalatinateWaldbrölMorsbachNümbrechtWiehlReichshofGummersbachMarienheideBergneustadtEngelskirchenLindlarHückeswagenWipperfürthRadevormwaldMorsbach in GM.svg
About this image
Coordinates: 50°52′N 7°43′E / 50.867°N 7.717°E / 50.867; 7.717Coordinates: 50°52′N 7°43′E / 50.867°N 7.717°E / 50.867; 7.717
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Köln
District Oberbergischer Kreis
Government
 • Mayor Jörg Bukowski (Ind.)
Area
 • Total 55.96 km2 (21.61 sq mi)
Elevation 206 m (676 ft)
Population (2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total 10,383
 • Density 190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 51597
Dialling codes 02294
Vehicle registration GM
Website www.morsbach.de

Morsbach is a municipality in the Oberbergischer Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Geography[edit]

It is located about 50 km east of Cologne, in the southern corner of the Oberbergischen Kreis on the border of North Rhine-Westphalia to Rhineland-Palatinate .

Neighbouring places[edit]

North: Reichshof
West: Waldbröl Morsbach East: Kirchen (Sieg)
South: Hamm (Sieg)

Division of the town[edit]

A Alzen - Amberg - Appenhagen
B Berghausen - Birken - Birzel - Bitze - Böcklingen - Breitgen - Burg Volperhausen
E Ellingen - Erblingen - Euelsloch - Eugenienthal
F Flockenberg - Frankenthal
H Hahn - Halle - Hammer - Heide - Hellerseifen - Herbertshagen - Holpe - Hülstert
K Katzenbach - Kömpel - Korseifen
L Ley - Lichtenberg - Lützelseifen
N Neuhöfchen - Niederasbach - Niederdorf - Niederwarnsbach - Niederzielenbach
O Oberasbach - Oberholpe - Oberwarnsbach - Oberzielenbach - Ölmühle - Ortseifen
R Reinshagen - Rhein - Ritterseifen - Rolshagen - Rom - Rosengarten - Rossenbach
S Schlechtingen - Seifen - Siedenberg - Solseifen - Springe - Steimelhagen - Stentenbach - Stockshöhe - Straßerhof - Strick
U Überasbach - Überholz
V Volperhausen
W Wallerhausen - Wendershagen - Wittershagen
Z Zinshardt

History of the community Morsbach[edit]

Around 895 the place the first time was mentioned documentary namely " duplicate of a Copialbook of the inhabitant of Bonn Saint Cassiusstift " (Documentary first namings oberbergische places v. Klaus Pampus).

Manner of writing of the first naming: Morsbach

4000 - 1800 B.C. the first settlement of the Morsbacher area goes back till the Neolithic Age from what a stone hatchet and the fragment of a flint blade give report.

(Around 800 the empire Charlemagne a new region constitution receives. The first detectable area arrangement. The parish Morsbach belongs to the Auelgau (Sieggau) administered from the region count. Territorial men in the parish Morsbach are the counts of Sayn.

(Around 895 in the early-medieval directory of the Besitztümer of the canon's pen Saint Cassius and Florentius in Bonn Morsbach is mentioned for the first time documentary. Also a little later in the relations of that time displaying immovable directory of the diocese Cologne (Liber valoris). Morsbach is with it the eldest documentary mentioned place in the Oberbergischer Kreis.

1131 pope Innozenz II. confirms on 31.3 to the Bonn Cassiusstift the possession in the Morsbacher church and a part of the routine tenth (ecclesiam Moresbach cum parte decimae).

1174 the counts of mountain on castle in the Wupper received from earl Heinrich Raspe of Thuringia castle Windeck as a fief.

1276 from the saynischen department Nümbrecht, consisting of the parishes Nümbrecht, Waldbröl and Morsbach, becomes the independent rule detached by the main possession Homburg with the own constitution and management.

1311 the counts of Sayn-Homburg recognize the court legal in the parish Morsbach, the fishing right and the tenth of the copper mine Böcklingen as a possession of the counts of mountain.

1380 the county Berg is raised by emperor Wenzel to the dukedom. Capital is Düsseldorf

(Around 1400 possibly half of the homburgischen parish becomes a Morsbach with his principal place property of the dukes of Berg. The borders are described in "Weistümern" (of 1464 (to 1572 and 1575 are displayed in the so-called Merkatorkarte kartographisch. the " Eigenthumb Moirsbach “ belongs to the office Windeck. With it the parish Morsbach is split in bergischen and homburgischen area (principal place Holpe).

Around 1500 construction of a chapel in Holpe as a branch church of Morsbach

1563 the counts of Sayn-Homburg remit a Lutheran church order for her area and explain the new apprenticeship to the state religion. With it the parish Morsbach is divided directly also confessional into the Catholic parish Morsbach and the Lutheran parish Holpe. 1604 by the " Siegburger comparison “ (12 June) the homburgische territory also comes to the dukedom Berg and to the office Windeck. The parish becomes with about 1100 inhabitants again a political unit.

1614 (finally 1666) the dukedom Berg comes in Pfalz-Neuburg (Wittelsbacher).

1634 the parish Morsbach becomes a fief area of count Hermann von Hatzfeldt gentleman Wildenburg and Crottorf).

1661 the fief is taken back by Philipp Wilhelm von Berg again. He lends to the Morsbachern the fish justice and hunting justice, an own magistrate and an own untercourt (7 juror) after the "high court to Windeck".

1742 elector Karl Theodor to Pfalz-Sulzbach becomes a duke of Berg. When he in 1777 at the same time elector of Bavaria becomes, the residence of the dukedom is moved to Munich.

1795 in the war of the allied European monarches against the French revolutionary army the French penetrate over the Rhine, take the dukedom Berg and camp down also in Morsbach.

1805 the successor of the elector Karl Theodor, elector Maximilian Joseph von Pfalz-Zweibrücken, forms an alliance with Napoleon and becomes a king of Bavaria.

1806 Bavaria resigns the dukedom Berg in France. Berg becomes a Grand Duchy and Joachim Murat (brother-in-law Napoleon) his regent.

1808 the Grand Duchy falls back to Napoleon (Generalgouvernement). New management arrangement: Mairie (city hall) Morsbach (about 2200 inhabitants in the canton Waldbröl, in the Arrondissement to Siegen (prefecture in Dillenburg), in the Department Sieg.

1810 from 1.1 the French right which remains largely to [1870] or [1900] in strength counts in the Generalgouvernement [Berg].

1813 - [1815] this is administered Generalgouvernement - after the expulsion of the French - temporarily by a general governor (Justus Gruner). New arrangement: local district Morsbach, canton Waldbröl, management of a Kreis [Wipperfürth].

1816 new management arrangement: city hall Morsbach, Kreis Waldbröl, governmental district Cologne, province Kleve-Jülich-Berg (from 1822 Rhine province).

1932 on 1.10 the Kreis Waldbröl and Gummersbach are combined to Oberbergischer Kreis. The municipality Morsbach has about 5300 inhabitants. Their borders are almost unchanged since centuries.

1945 the home area under American occupying (8.4.-17.6.1945, to 2/20/1949 British or Belgian occupying).

1946 the Oberbergischer Kreis lies (in the federal state) educated anew North Rhine-Westphalia.

1995 1100-year celebration of the municipality Morsbach with historical pageant

"With authorization of the municipality Morsbach"

The coat of arms of Morsbach[edit]

The arms were granted on August 14, 1937. The arms show in the upper part the lion of the Counts of Berg as the village historically belonged to Berg. The lower part is canting, Moor or marshland, and Bach or brook.

Churches[edit]

  • Roman Catholic - Parish church Morsbach
  • Roman Catholic - Pastoral care district Alzen
  • Roman Catholic - Parish church Ellingen
  • Roman Catholic - Parish church Holpe
  • Roman Catholic - Parish church Lichtenberg - priest Dieter Weimann
  • Protestant - parish church Holpe-Morsbach - priest Heiner Karnstein
  • Evangelical free church Morsbach- Steimelhagen

Population of Morsbach[edit]

Year Population
1838
3.563
1866
3.857
1939
5.685
1950
6.979
1960
7.155
1972
9.689
1980
10.669
1984
10.565
2000
12.250
2002
12.337

Population-morsbach.png

School[edit]

  • Franziskus school - Cath. elementary school - Morsbach
  • Erich Kästner -school - association lower secondary school - Morsbach

Associations and facilities[edit]

  • Carnival company Morsbach in 1899
  • Cantabile Morsbach
  • Ev. church choir Morsbach
  • Cath. church choir "Cäcilia" Morsbach
  • Women's choir Morsbach "song circle"
  • MGV "Concordia" Morsbach
  • MGV "Eintracht" Morsbach
  • Bugle blower corps Morsbach
  • Home association Morsbach
  • Homing pigeon's association Morsbach
  • Partnership association Morsbach-Milly-la-Foret
  • Theater u. Amateur dramatic society of the adult education program Morsbach
  • Working-class well-being Morsbach
  • Kolpings family Morsbach
  • Cath. Women's community Morsbach
  • Music school Morsbach e. V.

Welfare services[edit]

  • Handicapped person's center Saint Gertrud
  • Charity-social station
  • BWO Handicapped person's center Oberberg GmbH

Places of interest[edit]

  • Main place of interest is the Romanesque basilica "Saint Gertrud" from the 12./13th century.
  • Castle Volperhausen
  • heritage-protected Morsbach station building (Wisser Valley Railway / Wiehl Valley Railway). The preservation order states: "The preservation of this building is of public interest because of its locally influenced design of the uniform Prussian station building type and also because of its special roof design."

Outstanding personality[edit]

Honorary-citizen[edit]

  • Karl Strack - Roman Catholic Dean

Sons and daughters of the municipality[edit]

  • Heinrich Halberstadt, local politician
  • Rolf Birkhölzer (born 1949), footballer
  • Walter Rütt (born 1883), racing cyclist

Twin towns[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Christoph Buchen / Erwin Weber: Alt Morsbach. Die Gemeinde Morsbach in alten Bildern, Meinerzhagen 1981
  • Morsbach. Chronik einer oberbergischen Gemeinde, hg. von der Gemeinde Morsbach, Meinerzhagen 1987
  • 1100 Jahre Morsbach. 895 - 1995, hg. von der Gemeinde Morsbach, Waldbröl 1995

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 2018-02-24.

External links[edit]