Morshyn

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Morshyn
Моршин
Morszyn-Zdrój
City of regional significance
Spa in Morshyn
Spa in Morshyn
Flag of Morshyn
Flag
Coat of arms of Morshyn
Coat of arms
Morshyn is located in Lviv Oblast
Morshyn
Morshyn
Morshyn is located in Ukraine
Morshyn
Morshyn
Coordinates: 49°09′0″N 23°52′0″E / 49.15000°N 23.86667°E / 49.15000; 23.86667
Country  Ukraine
Oblast  Lviv Oblast
Municipality Morshyn
First mentioned 1482
Urban-type settlement 1948
Government
 • City Chairman
Chairman of City Council
Ruslan Ilnytskyi[1]
Mykola Voyevoda[2]
Population (2013)
 • Total 6,037
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code 79000
Area code(s) +380
Licence plate BC (before 2004: ТА,ТВ,ТН,ТС)

Morshyn (Ukrainian: Моршин, Polish: Morszyn-Zdrój) is a small city located at the Carpathian Foothills within Ukraine's Lviv Oblast (region). Morshyn is designated as a city of oblast significance. Population: 6,037 (2013 est.)[3].

Quick overview

Historical affiliations

Crown of the Kingdom of Poland 1482–1569
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1569–1772
Habsburg Monarchy 1772–1804
 Austrian Empire 1804–1918
 Second Polish Republic 1919–1945
   Soviet Union 1939–1941 (occupation)
   Nazi Germany 1941–1944 (occupation)
   Soviet Union 1944–1945 (occupation)
 Soviet Union 1945–1991
 Ukraine 1991–present

The first mentioning of the settlement is found in a court note of 2 January 1482 which indicated that Morshyn and surrounding villages belonged to a nobleman (szlachtic) Juchno Nagwazdan and was part of the Kingdom of Poland. In 1538 Morshyn's owners the Branecki family who became interested in local industry which was a salt mining have acquired a permission from the royal chancellery on opening of salt mines. Five mine wells were dug out for brine extraction. However, the business did not justify itself as the Morshyn's salt was bitter and unfit for consumption. The salt industries fell into decline.

In the second half of 17th century Morshyn remained a poor village. In 1692 Morshyn accounted for 12 yards (as dwelling units). The settlement was changing hands and often was transferring between owners. Following the first partition of Poland in 1772, Morshyn went to the Austrian Empire.

With construction of railroad Stryj—Stanislawow through Morshyn, a life has revived in the village. Since 1878 Morshyn is known as a spa resort. The first chemical analysis of mineral water was published by a professor of the Lviv University W.Radziszewski in 1881. About therapeutic properties of the Morshyn's brine at that time wrote by many researchers, compering it with waters of famous then German, Hungarian, and Czech resorts.

In 1918-1939 Morshyn was in Polish territory and, as "Morszyn-Zdrój," was a popular spa. The spa belonged to the Medical Association (Towarzystwo Lekarskie) from Lviv (Lwów), in late 1920s almost 1000 guests came there yearly. During the times when western Ukraine was under Polish authority, the city was part of the Ivano-Frankivsk regional administration, Stanisławów Voivodeship back then. Currently the town is located in the close proximity to Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast and Carpathian Mountains.[4] Currently the city is one of the major national tourist resort as well as health resorts. The city continues to carry on its legacy of one of the best health resorts in Europe.[citation needed]

After dissolution of the Soviet Union, in the city appeared couple football clubs among which is FC Skala that place at a local small stadium.

Gallery

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 49°09′N 23°52′E / 49.150°N 23.867°E / 49.150; 23.867