|Comune di Casalattico|
|Frazioni||Montattico, Monforte, Sant'Andrea, Macchia, Verticchio, San Nazario|
|• Mayor||Giuseppe Benedetti|
|• Total||28.38 km2 (10.96 sq mi)|
|Elevation||420 m (1,380 ft)|
|• Density||19/km2 (50/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||Barbatus of Benevento|
|Saint day||19 February|
Casalattico (Campanian: Casale) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Frosinone in the Italian region Lazio. The village is located about 110 kilometres (68 mi) southeast of Rome and about 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of Frosinone.
The Roman writer Titus Pomponius Atticus had a villa in what is now the frazione of Montattico. Sights include the medieval Benedictine monastery of Sant'Angelo in Pesco Mascolino, and a Roman bridge above the Melfa. Other Roman remains are in the archaeological site of San Nazario.
The centre Piazza vista is to the west predominately and has an example of a Norman fortification style tower. The town to day has still maintained its medieval aspect and the small winding little streets are a testament to its history. The centre piazza suffered some earthquake damage to the central church tower but now all repaired. The town contains a restaurant La Piazza owned by Carmine Cerifice born in Ireland.
Emigration to Ireland
In the late 19th and early 20th century a significant number of young people left Casalattico to work in Ireland, with many founding chip shops there. Up to 8,000 Irish-Italians have ancestors from Casalattico and nearby Picinisco and other towns like Casalvieri and Atina, La Macchia, San Donato, Settefratti and a collection of smaller towns and commune. Immigration to France and England along with America and Canada also popular destinations for the immigrants. Cav. C.B. Fusco emigrated to Ireland in 1952. The Italian population has been represented in Ireland since the early 1900s. Other popular names associated with the Casalattico and the Comino valley generally are; Borza, Taddei, Nardone, Vella, Macari, Morrelli, Fusco and others.
The Valcomino valley derives its name from the Samnite peoples and Sabellic tribes that inhabited the area generally in 400BC. Cominum was the stronghold of the Samnites until the end of the third Samnite war with Rome and their final assimilation into the Western Empire of Rome. The name is preserved in the Valcomino title of today. Historical references by Cicero and Plutarch refer to a residence of one Ciaus Pomponious Atticus a noble family descendant of Rome. Some constructions have been attributed to him namely a Roman six-arch bridge crossing the Melfa river, of which one complete arch remains. Several examples of the historically famous Poligonal Walls exist in the Casalattico area, on the valley floor near Alvito, and in Atina, Arpino and as faraway as the foundations of sections of the Montecassino Abbey.
Close by on the main road accessing Casalattico is a collection of Roman and Samnite stones of the pre-Roman Samnite period and later Roman Period, authenticated by Sora Natural History Museum. There is also on the same road the Municipal Grave yard, and tombs 1750 AD approx. Also on the approach road is the small hamlets of San Andrea, San Nazario, Verticcio. San Nazario notable for the existence of one of the oldest churches in Italy. The documented dates supported by the Montecassino scriptorium give clear dates of 1030 AD. This church of San Nazario Vescovo is in Private ownership today. These hamlets come under the control of Casalattico county Comune.
Just off the main approach road there still exists a Mill also dating from 1030 AD also and is now a small Museum of Local farming Culture and Artifacts by Casal Attici a caretaker group in the area. The fundamental changes made to the River Melfas meandering stage by the Hydroelectric Dam upstream has left the Mill in land and Dry. The Source of the Melfa river is in Canneto in the Abruzzi mountains at the Site of the original Temple of the Goddess Mefites, (Goddess of Sulpher) to day the Basilica of Canneto. On the hillsides overlooking Casalattico town are some townships and hamlets, Monforte, Montattico, La Macchia, Le Lescce, Piazza Del Popolo, MonteCicuto. Largely associated with the Commune. In 1944 during the Second World War, San Nazario was the site of a German forward Emergency Hospital confiscated from the family owners of the period after the war subsequently reclaimed by the present owners.
Emigrated families from the area still retain a strong presence in the Casalattico townlands.
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
The archaeological site at San Nazario commune of Casalattico famous for examples of Samnite art stones and a little church dating from1030 AD. This area of San Nazario is in private hands of Cavaliere Ufficiale Costantino Benedetto Fusco.
The previous tithes of the church of San Nazario were paid to the Abbey of Montecassino until the 1600s AD. There are examples of church art dating from 1855 and a bell with the name don.Gabriele.
E.Fusco 2018. Herbert Bloch, Montecassino in the Medieval ages. Tommaso Leccisotti, Montecassino.
Sora Museum of Natural History, Casalattici.it, Casalattico.it