Morus celtidifolia

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Morus celtidifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Morus
Species: M. celtidifolia
Binomial name
Morus celtidifolia
Kunth 1817
  • Morus albida Greene
  • Morus arbuscula Greene
  • Morus betulifolia Greene
  • Morus canina Greene
  • Morus confinis Greene
  • Morus corylifolia Kunth
  • Morus crataegifolia Greene
  • Morus goldmanii Greene
  • Morus grisea Greene
  • Morus mexicana Benth.
  • Morus microphilyra Greene
  • Morus microphylla Buckley
  • Morus mollis Rusby
  • Morus pandurata Greene
  • Morus radulina Greene
  • Morus vernonii Greene
  • Morus vitifolia Greene

Morus celtidifolia, the Texas mulberry, is a plant species native to South America, Central America, Mexico, and the southwestern United States, ranging from Argentina north as far as Arizona and Oklahoma. It the USA, it grows in canyons and on slopes, usually near streams, from 200–2,200 m (660–7,220 ft) elevation. It is very often referred to as "Morus microphylla," including in Flora of North America,[3] but recent studies suggest that these names are synonymous with M. celtidifolia holding priority.[1][2][4][4][5][6][7]

Morus celtidifolia is a shrub or tree, sometimes reaching 7.5 m (25 ft) in height. It has much smaller leaves than the other two species in the United States (M. alba and M. rubra), the blade usually less than 7 cm (2.8 in) long. Fruits are red, purple, or nearly black.[8][9][10][11]


  1. ^ a b Tropicos
  2. ^ a b The Plant List
  3. ^ Flora of North America Morus microphylla Buckley, 1863. Mountain mulberry, littleleaf mulberry, Texas mulberry
  4. ^ a b Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Flora Neotropica 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
  5. ^ Jørgensen, P. M., M. H. Nee & S. G. Beck. (eds.) 2013. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia. Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden.
  6. ^ Berg, C. C. 1998. 27B. Moraceae (excl. Ficus). 60: 1–128. In G. W. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.), Flora of Ecuador .University of Göteborg, Göteborg.
  7. ^ Linares, J. L. 2005. Listado comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la república de El Salvador. Ceiba 44(2): 105–268.
  8. ^ Kunth, Karl (Carl) Sigismund. Nova Genera et Species Plantarum (quarto ed.) 2: 33. 1817.
  9. ^ Buckley, Samuel Botsford. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 14(1): 8. 1862
  10. ^ Thomas H. Kearney & Robert H. Peebles. 1979. Arizona Flora, with Supplement, Second Edition. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  11. ^ P. Martin et al. 2000. Gentry's Rio Mayo Plants. The Tropical Deciduous Forest & Environs of Northwest Mexico. University of Arizona Press, Tucson