Domodedovo International Airport

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Moscow Domodedovo Airport
Московский аэропорт Домодедово
Moskovskiĭ aėroport Domodedovo
Moscow Domodedovo Airport logo.jpg
Domodedovo International Airport aerial view.jpg
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator East Line Group
Serves Moscow, Russia
Location Domodedovo
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 179 m / 588 ft
Coordinates 55°24′31″N 37°54′22″E / 55.40861°N 37.90611°E / 55.40861; 37.90611Coordinates: 55°24′31″N 37°54′22″E / 55.40861°N 37.90611°E / 55.40861; 37.90611
UUDD is located in Moscow Oblast
Location in Moscow Oblast
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14L/32R 3,793 12,444 Reinforced concrete
14R/32L 3,500 11,483 Cement-concrete
14C/32C 2,600 8,531 Concrete
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 30,504,515
Passenger change 14–15 Decrease7.7%
Aircraft movements 253,084
Movements change 14–15 Decrease8.9%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ACI Europe[1]
AIP of the Russian Federation[2]

Domodedovo International Airport (Russian: Московский аэропорт Домоде́дово; IPA: [dəmɐˈdʲɛdəvə]) (IATA: DMEICAO: UUDD) is an international airport located on the territory of Domodedovo, Moscow Oblast, Russia, 42 kilometres (26 mi) south-southeast from the centre of Moscow. Domodedovo is one of the three major Moscow airports along with Sheremetyevo and Vnukovo, as well as one of the largest airports in Russia and the former USSR in terms of passenger and cargo traffic. In 2015 it served 30,504,515 passengers, a reduction of 7.7% compared to 2014,[3] making it the second busiest airport in Russia. Domodedovo is Moscow's only privately owned airport, believed to be owned by Russian businessman Dmitry Kamenshchik.[4]


The airport is named after the town of Domodedovo, on the territory of which it is located.

Survey work on the construction of the new Capital Airport began in 1948, after the relevant decision of the Politburo. Then it was described as a special "facility №306".

In 1951 the first preparatory work on its construction began: cutting firebreaks, the construction of access roads, including roads branch from Paveletskaya.

1954 Resolution of the Council of Ministers of 13 November, approved the proposal of the Main Directorate of the Civil Air Fleet under the Council of Ministers of the USSR on the construction of the second airport of the Moscow civil air fleet near the village Elgazin Podolsky (now Domodedovo) Moscow Oblast.

In 1958 a decree of the USSR Council of Ministers instructed to complete construction of the first stage of the airport in 1962.

In 1962 Order of the Head of Main Directorate of Civil Aviation issued on April 7 № 200 "On the organization of the Moscow Domodedovo airport" ordered to "organize as part of the Moscow Transport Aviation Management Directorate the new airport, and continue to call it the Moscow Domodedovo Airport. Therefore, April 7, 1962 is considered the official birthday of the airport. By the end of 1962, after the official approbation, the airport began send and receive postal and cargo planes.

Services from Domodedovo began in March 1964 with a flight to Sverdlovsk using a Tupolev 104. The airport, intended to handle the growth of long-distance domestic traffic in the Soviet Union, was officially opened in May 1965. A second runway, parallel to the existing one, was put into service 18 months after the opening of the airport. On 26 December 1975, Domodedovo Airport was selected for the inaugural flight of the Tupolev Tu-144 to Alma Ata.

Domodedovo's terminal as it appeared in June 1974

In 1993–1994, East Line Group, founded by Urals entrepreneurs Anton Bakov and Dmitry Kamenschik,[5] who built capital in the early 1990s on hauling cargo from Asian countries to Russia, invested in several facilities at Domodedovo, including a new customs terminal and catering services.[6] In late 1996, Kamenschik-led East Line Group privatized the terminal facilities of Domodedovo Airport and formed JSC 'International Airport Domodedovo' and several other commercial entities controlling the airfield operations at the airport. Since 1998, the runways, air traffic control, and communication facilities are formally on a lease to the subsidiary of East Line Group. Later, in 2005 and 2008, the legality of these deals with East Line Group was contested by the Russian Rosimushchestvo government agency supervising the state property.[7]

East Line's strategic goal to stabilize the airport's future and to establish Domodedovo as an important international and multi-modal transportation hub was gradually achieved throughout the 2000s (decade). In the 2000s (decade), East Line Group began to heavily invest in reconstruction and modernization of the outdated airport facilities.

In 2000, as a result of reconstruction, the capacity of the airport complex has reached 6000 passengers per hour: MVL – 2800 passengers per hour, DAL – 3200 passengers per hour. As a result of this work Domodedovo airport terminal was the first in Russia to successfully pass the certification to ISO 9001:2000.

In 2003, the authoritative British magazine Airline Business has recognized the dynamics of growth in passenger traffic of Domodedovo highest among the 150 largest airports in the world. In 2004, the air harbor is among the hundred of the leading airports in the world, and by 2005 became the leader in terms of passenger traffic in the Moscow aviation hub and holds the palm for over 10 years.

By 2009, the terminal floor space was expanded to 135,000 sq. meters (1,453,000 ft2) from 70,000 sq. meters (753,000 ft2) in 2004. The renovated terminal and airport facilities allowed the owners of the airport to attract British Airways, El Al, Swiss International Air Lines, Japan Airlines, Austrian Airlines, and Vietnam Airlines who moved their flights from another major international Moscow airport, Sheremetyevo Airport, to Domodedovo. Domodedovo topped Sheremetyevo Airport in terms of passenger traffic becoming the busiest airport in Russia. By 2010, the traffic at Domodedovo spiked to over 22 million passengers per year from 2.8 million in 2000.[8]

Domodedovo is Russia's first airport to have parallel runways operating simultaneously.[9] Since the air traffic control tower was redeveloped in 2003, Domodedovo can control over 70 takeoffs and landings per hour. By late in the 1st decade of the 21st century, the airport had five business lounges set up by individual airlines.

Current main building

In 2003, the airport began an expansion program designed to obtain approval for wide-body aircraft operations. The runway, taxiways, and parking areas were enlarged and strengthened. In March 2009, it was announced that the approval had been granted, making Domodedovo Airport the first in Russia approved for new large aircraft (NLA) operations such as the Airbus A380. The approval signifies that its operations areas comply with size and strength requirements of ICAO Category F standards.[10] The airport has ILS category III A status.

Domodedovo Airport has been the focus of two terrorist-related incidents. In 2004, Muslim suicide bombers managed to pass airport security, board two passenger planes, and carry out the bombings after departure from Domodedovo. Despite the heightened security measures taken after this incident, another suicide bomber attack occurred on 24 January 2011, when an Islamist militant entered the terminal building and detonated a bomb in the arrival hall. As a result, mandatory screening and pat-down practices have been introduced at the airport terminal entrances.

The identity of East Line's owners controlling the operations at Domodedovo Airport was vague with traces leading to offshore companies.[11] However, in May 2011, Dmitry Kamenschik was disclosed to be the main beneficiary of East Line's assets.[12] At that time, Domodedovo Airport contemplated IPO,[13] however these plans were scrapped.[14]

Future development[edit]

As of January 2016, new concourse extensions adjacent to the current terminal building are under construction. The construction is projected to increase the overall size of the passenger terminal to 225,000 m2. The extensions are opened in stages in 2012–2014. In May 2015, the new extension of terminal A (the main building) was finished, which contains new offices, an airport lounge and new passport control desks, and it differs by design compared to other terminal parts. All concourses will remain connected and plan to increase the efficiency of the airport operations and passenger connections by using ICAO and IATA transfer technologies. Moreover, under the construction plans the new parking space is included, which will allow to accommodate under 1500 cars. The parking space is due to finish this year.

Terminal 2[edit]

New terminal under construction.

Terminal 2 is being built as the part of the FIFA-18 program, for international flights. When completed, the international flights operated at concourse B will all be shifted to the new segment, which will become the second segment of a new passenger terminal and will be twice the size of Terminal 5 at London Heathrow – the equivalent of 61 football fields. New premises area of 235,000 sq. meters (2,529,000 ft1) (segment T2) will be mounted to the left wing of the existing terminal. There will be about 100 check-in counters, 40 self check-in kiosk, as well as special jetways for the world's largest passenger aircraft Airbus A380. As a result, the total area of the passenger terminal (including the expansion of the current main segment T1) will increase by more than double to nearly 500,000 square meters.[15] It was designed by British company RMJM and uses the under-the-roof concept, which means that passengers from all flights will be serviced within a single terminal. One of Europe's largest air hubs – Amsterdam's Schiphol Airport – operates under this concept.[16] The complete construction will be complete by March 2018.[17]

Terminal 3 & Aeroexpress Terminal[edit]

Currently, the part of the airport terminal, which used as the entrance to Aeroexpress platform, is under reconstruction, the old platform is demolished and shifted into the new one, with a temporary terminal, which will work during the reconstruction process. This is done to connect two parking sectors: major and on the right side of the railway line; construct a new bigger terminal; and to form another exit, direct from the baggage claim at domestic arrivals. Moreover, the path to the Aeroexpress platform is planned to be underground. This will allow to form the perspective project of the new Terminal 3, construction of which is planned to commence in 2018, after finishing the construction of Terminal 2. The Aeroexpress Terminal is planned to be fully finished by first quarter of 2018. According to the schedule, T-3 is planned to be bigger than T-2.[18]

Airport Facilities[edit]


Domodedovo Airport has one terminal building comprising two separate concourses for domestic (and some former Soviet republic countries) and international flights, respectively. It has 22 jetways altogether.

Duty Free Shops[edit]

Both concourses A & B contain Duty Free facilities, with a wider selection at concourse A, due to international destinations, whereas at concourse B the selection is narrower, due to domestic destinations. The Duty Free selection will be widen, after Terminal 2 will commence it's operations.


In September 2017, the new hotel inside the airport terminal "Aerotel Express" was opened. This allows passengers having a transit flight in Moscow to exclude an option with exiting the airport terminal. Before, transit passengers had to exit the airport terminal and use a shuttle van to access the nearest hotel. This is the first airport in Russia to have a hotel inside the airport terminal.[19][20]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Transaero, before its bankruptcy, was the biggest airline to be based at Domodedovo.
S7 Airlines, is currently the biggest airline to have Domodedovo Airport as hub.

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter services to and from Domodedovo:[21]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Corfu (begins 28 April 2018),[22] Heraklion, Rhodes, Kalamata
Aigle Azur Paris-Orly (begins 1 December 2017)[23]
Air Arabia Sharjah
Air Manas Bishkek
Air Moldova Chişinău
Alrosa Mirny Air Enterprise Mirny, Novosibirsk, Polyarny
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Seasonal: Innsbruck
Avia Traffic Company Bishkek, Osh
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku
Azur Air Seasonal charter: Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Nha Trang (Cam Ranh), Colombo, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Goa-Dabolim,Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Phuket, Punta Cana, Sanya, Tivat, Varadero
Belavia Minsk–National
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Emirates Dubai–International[24]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
FlyOne Chişinău
Gulf Air Bahrain
Iberia Madrid
IrAero Barnaul,[25] Irkutsk, Omsk
Izhavia Izhevsk
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita
Komiaviatrans Arkhangelsk, Syktyvkar, Ukhta, Usinsk
Lucky Air Kunming[26]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
operated by Air Italy
Seasonal: Olbia
Montenegro Airlines Tivat
Seasonal: Podgorica
Nordavia Arkhangelsk, Makhachkala, Murmansk, Orenburg, St Petersburg, Ufa
Seasonal: Simferopol, Sochi
Seasonal charter: Baghdad, Barcelona
NordStar Anapa, Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Makhachkala, Mineralnye Vody, Norilsk, Sochi, St. Petersburg[28]
Seasonal charter: Batumi, Tivat, Varna
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Pskovavia Pskov
Qatar Airways Doha
Red Wings Airlines Astrakhan,[29] Chelyabinsk, Makhachkala, Mineralnye Vody, Novosibirsk, Simferopol, Sochi, Ufa[29]
Seasonal: Kaliningrad, Tivat
Seasonal charter: Batumi,[29] Pula,[29]
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
RusLine Belgorod, Elista, Ivanovo, Izhevsk, Kirov, Kursk, Leipzig/Halle, Lipetsk, Penza, Riga[30], Tambov, Ulyanovsk–Baratayevka, Vorkuta, Voronezh
Seasonal: Palanga
S7 Airlines Abakan, Alicante, Anapa, Aşgabat,Astrakhan, Baku, Barcelona[31][32], Batumi, Berlin–Tegel, Bryansk (begins 2 November 2017)[33], Burgas, Catania[34], Chelyabinsk, Düsseldorf, Irkutsk, Kaliningrad, Kazan, Khujand, Kokshetau[35], Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Kulob (resumes 29 October 2017)[36], Lipetsk (begins 29 October 2017),[37] Mineralnye Vody, Munich,Murmansk,[38] Nadym, Naples, Nizhnekamsk, Nizhnevartovsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Novokuznetsk, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Oral[39], Oskemen, Palma de Mallorca, Pavlodar, Penza,[40] Perm, Petrozavodsk[41], Pisa, Rome–Fiumicino (begins 15 December 2017)[42], Rostov-on-Don, Salekhard, Samara, Sochi, St Petersburg, Stavropol, Tbilisi, Tivat, Tomsk, Tyumen, Ufa, Urgench, Varna, Verona, Vienna[43][44],Vladikavkaz, Volgograd, Voronezh, Yekaterinburg, Yerevan
Seasonal: Barnaul, Cagliari (begins 3 June 2018),[45][46] Dublin, Dubrovnik, Genoa, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kos,[47] Kutaisi,[48] Málaga, Olbia (begins 2 June 2018),[49][50] Plovdiv, Rhodes, Salzburg, Taraz, Tehran–Imam Khomeini,[51] Turin[52], Ulan-Ude, Ürümqi,[53] Valencia, Yakutsk
S7 Airlines
operated by Globus
Barnaul, Bratsk, Chişinău, Chita, Düsseldorf, Gorno-Altaysk, Kemerovo, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Larnaca, Mineralnye Vody, Mirny,[54] Nizhnevartovsk, Norilsk, Novosibirsk, Novy Urengoy, Osh, Paphos, Simferopol, Sochi, St Petersburg, Tivat, Ulan-Ude, Verona
Seasonal: Anapa, Chambéry, Genoa, Pula, Yerevan, Yakutsk
Saravia Grozny, Khanty–Mansiysk, Kirov, Naryan-Mar (begins 1 November 2017), Orsk, Penza, Saratov
SCAT Aktau (ends 29 October 2017), Shymkent (ends 29 October 2017)
Severstal Air Company Cherepovets
Seasonal: Kirovsk/Apatity
Singapore Airlines Singapore, Stockholm–Arlanda
Somon Air Dushanbe, Khujand (ends 28 October 2017)
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich
Tajik Air Dushanbe, Khujand
TAP Portugal Lisbon[55]
Taron Avia Gyumri
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi[56][57]
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat
Ural Airlines Barnaul, Bishkek, Chelyabinsk, Chita, Eilat–Ovda, Irkutsk, Kaliningrad, Kazan (begins 1 November 2017), Kulob, Kutaisi, Lankaran, Mineralnye Vody, Novosibirsk, Nukus, Omsk, Osh, Rostov-on-Don, St Petersburg, Tomsk, Ulan-Ude, Yekaterinburg, Yerevan, Warsaw–Chopin (begins 17 December 2017)
Seasonal: Barcelona, Dalaman,[58] Dubai–International, Lisbon, Tivat
Seasonal charter: Antalya
UVT Aero Bugulma, Gelendzhik
Uzbekistan Airways Andijan, Bukhara, Fergana, Namangan, Navoiy, Nukus, Qarshi, Samarkand, Tashkent, Termez, Urgench
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi
Vueling Barcelona
Yamal Airlines Beloyarsky, Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Nadym, Nizhnevartovsk, Novy Urengoy, Noyabrsk, Perm, Salekhard, Sovetsky, St Petersburg, Tyumen


Airlines Destinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Amsterdam, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chicago–O'Hare, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Maastricht, Milan–Malpensa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, St. Petersburg, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Tokyo–Narita, Yekaterinburg, Zaragoza, Zhengzhou
EgyptAir Cargo Cairo[59]
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al Maktoum[60]
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi,[61] Milan–Malpensa[61]
Yangtze River Express Luxembourg, Shanghai–Pudong

Other facilities[edit]

Ground transportation[edit]


The new Aeroexpress platform
Moscow Aeroexpress
Aeroport Vnukovo railway station (ru)
Aeroport (ru)
Moscow Kiyevskaya  3   4   5 
Moscow Smolenskaya  2   5 
Moscow Savyolovskaya  9 
Sheremetyevo railway station (ru)
Lobnya railway station (ru)
Moscow Kalanchyovskaya (ru)  1   5 
Moscow Kurskaya  3   10   5 
Moscow Paveletskaya  2   5 
Aeroport Domodedovo railway station (ru)

The airport has a railway station with service to the Paveletsky Rail Terminal in central Moscow. The rail connection which was completed in 2002 is provided by nonstop Aeroexpress trains (takes 45 min; coach class costs 470 rubles, business class costs 1000 rubles).
Regular suburban commuter trains on Paveletsky suburban direction of Moscow Railway take 65 to 70 min and cost 99 rubles but are infrequent during the day.


Connection to Moscow is served by bus 308 (ample luggage room) and commercial marshrutka minivans (more frequent departures): to Domodedovskaya of Moscow Metro Zamoskvoretskaya Line (#2). Fare is 150 rubles (eq. to 2 US$), travel time around 45 minutes.

Local buses 11, 26, 30 serve the link to nearest towns and connect to the railway station on Paveletsky suburban direction of Moscow Railway at Domodedovo municipality.

Bus 999 is South-East bound and connects the airport to Bronnitsy, Kolomna and Ryazan.


The airport has several long and short term parking lots. The terminal itself is accessed from the junction of Moscow Ring Road and Kashirskoye Highway via a designated 22 kilometer (14 mi) four-lane freeway. Licensed taxi, limo services, and car rental (Hertz, Avis, and Sixt) providers are available at the counters of the arrival hall. Uber, Gett, Yandex.Taxi and local E-hailing applications can be used and may offer flat rate trips to anywhere in Moscow.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 5 December 1999, a cargo variant of the Ilyushin Il-114 crashed during a test flight at Domodedovo, killing five and injuring two.[64]
  • On 22 March 2010, a Tu-204 operating Aviastar-TU Flight 1906, a ferry flight without passengers and with 8 crew from Hurghada, Egypt, crashed in a forest 2 kilometers (1.2 mi) away from the airport while trying to land in fog. There were no fatalities and the crew escaped the crashed aircraft on their own, but four of them were seriously injured.[65]
  • On 4 December 2010, South East Airlines Flight 372 made an emergency landing at Domodedovo, killing two people and injuring 56.[66]
  • On 24 January 2011 the baggage claim area of the airport became the scene of the Domodedovo International Airport bombing that killed 37 people and injured 173 others, including 86 who had to be hospitalised.[67]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ "ACI EUROPE Airport Traffic Report. December, Q4 and Full Year 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "Russian AIP (CAIGA)". Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "Year to date Passenger Traffic". ACI. 2014-09-25. Retrieved 2015-10-27. 
  4. ^ "Владельца аэропорта Домодедово посадили под домашний арест". Meduza. 20 February 2016. 
  5. ^ (in Russian) Ветеран обороны Домодедово — «Коммерсантъ», 7.10.2013
  6. ^ "Домодедово", откройся! (in Russian). Vedomosti. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  7. ^ Росимущество вышло на аренду (in Russian). Kommersant. 7 April 2008. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "Московский аэропорт Домодедово провел интерлайн-конференцию "DME Connections 2011"" (in Russian). Domodedovo Airport. Press release. 10 November 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "Simultaneous parallel departures for the first time ever in Russia". Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. 
  10. ^ Heavy Metal, Aviation Week & Space Technology, 70, 10 (9 March 2009), p. 14
  11. ^ Генеральной прокуратурой Российской Федерации по поручению Президента Российской Федерации проведена проверка организаций, занимающихся аэропортовой деятельностью в "Домодедово" (in Russian). Office of the Prosecutor General of Russian Federation. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  12. ^ "Домодедово" раскрыл тайну собственника (in Russian). Kommersant. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  13. ^ "Domodedovo: storms clouds at bay". Financial Times. 23 May 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  14. ^ "Domodedovo: Another Russian IPO kicks the bucket". Financial Times. 30 May 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
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  16. ^ *Renovations of Moscow airports, Russia Beyond the Headlines
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  30. ^ RusLine begin operations to Leipzig/Halle and Riga
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  64. ^ "Aircraft Accident Ilyushin 114T UK-91004". Aviation Safety Network. 
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  66. ^ "Two killed as plane makes emergency landing in Russia". AFP. 4 December 2010. Archived from the original on 29 January 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  67. ^ Steve Rosenberg (24 January 2011). "Moscow bombing: Carnage at Russia's Domodedovo airport". BBC News. Retrieved 24 January 2011. 


External links[edit]

Media related to Domodedovo International Airport at Wikimedia Commons