Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology

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Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology (Russian: Федеральное Государственное Унитарное предприятие "Московский институт теплотехники", ФГУП МИТ - Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology") (The name can also be translated as: "Moscow Institute of Thermal Equipment") a Russian (and former Soviet) scientific research institute that was founded on May 13, 1946. Previously, it was primarily focused on developing ballistic missiles and rockets to increase the nation's strategic deterrent capability. Today it is also involved in civilian projects and has modified some of its intercontinental ballistic missiles into launch vehicles to be used for satellites. The institute is located in the Otradnoye District in the north of Moscow.


April 19, 1945 the State Defense Committee of the USSR issued a decree №8206 ordering the People's Commissar for Armament Boris Vannikov to create weapons design bureau and a pilot plant for missiles.[1] In accordance with this resolution, in 1945 the state was created Central Design Bureau GTSKB 1 Commissariat ammunition actively engaged in collecting materials for the German rocket technology. During the post-war reorganization of the Soviet economy in early 1946 the People's Commissariat for Armament was transformed into the Ministry of Agricultural Engineering of the USSR.

A decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR №1017-419ss from May 13, 1946 ordered the Ministry of Agriculture Engineering to create a Research Institute of propellant rockets based GTSKB-1.[2] From this event it is generally considered the history of the institute.

May 15, 1946 order of the Minister of Agricultural Engineering 114ss as part of the 6 th Main Directorate was created by the Research Institute of propellant rockets based GTSKB-1 to give the name of Research Institute № 1. May 18, 1946 order of the number 118ss NII-1 (formerly GTSKB 1) It was incorporated into the newly formed General Directorate for jet technology ministry. In 1947, the order of the Minister № 126 approved the Regulations on the institute NII-1 (the organization of the same name existed in many sectors, which was considered an additional condition of secrecy work).

In July 2009 the institute's General Director and Chief designer Yuri Solomonov resigned after the July 15, 2009 test launch failure of Bulava naval-based ICBM designed by MITT.[3] Solomonov resigned as General Director on 21 July 2009, 6 days after the test.



  1. ^ ГКО СССР. № 8206. 19 апреля. Постановление. Об организации в системе Наркомата боеприпасов конструкторского бюро и опытного завода по реактивным снарядам.
  2. ^ От «Луны» до «Булавы»
  3. ^ Director of Moscow Institute of [ Thermal Technology] changes after ICBM failure, ITAR-TASS, 22.07.2009

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Coordinates: 55°51′20″N 37°36′11″E / 55.8555555656°N 37.6030555656°E / 55.8555555656; 37.6030555656