Moscow Ring Road

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Moscow Ring Road (MKAD)
Московская кольцевая автомобильная дорога
MKAD on Moscow map[1]
MKAD Москва.svg
Route information
Part of E22 E30 E101 E105 E115 E119
Length108.9 km (67.7 mi)
Existed1961–present
Location
CountryRussia
Major citiesMoscow
Highway system

The Moscow Automobile Ring Road (Russian: Московская кольцевая автомобильная дорога, romanized: Moskovskaja koltsevaya avtomobilnaya doroga), or MKAD (МКАД), is a ring road running predominantly on the city border of Moscow with a length of 108.9 km (67.7 mi) and 35 exits (including ten interchanges). It was completed in 1962. The speed limit is 100 km/h.

History[edit]

The growth of traffic in and around Moscow in the 1950s made the city planners realise Russia's largest metropolis needed a bypass to redirect incoming traffic from major roads that run through the city. Opened in 1961, the MKAD had four lanes of asphalt running 108.9 kilometres along the city borders. Although not yet a freeway, it featured interchanges at major junctions, very few traffic lights and a speed limit of 100 km/h (62 mph).

For a long time the MKAD served as the administrative boundary of Moscow city, until in the 1980s Moscow started annexing territory outside the beltway. In December 2002 Bulvar Dmitriya Donskogo became the first Moscow Metro station that opened beyond the limits of MKAD.[2]

In 1995–1999, the road was widened from the initial four to ten lanes, while all intersections became grade-separated, bridges were built to accommodate pedestrians, traffic lights were removed, and a solid concrete barrier was installed in the median. In 2001, all slow-moving vehicles were banned from entering the MKAD, and the renovated road received a freeway designation from the mayor's office.

Route[edit]

Distance
(approx.)
Destinations Notes
0 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg M7 (Entuziastov shosse) – Nizhny Novgorod
2 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Pobeda ulitsa — Reutov, Ivanovskoe
4 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Ketcherskaya ulitsa, Nosovikhinskoye ulitsa — Balashikha, Elektrougli
6 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Novokosino District
7 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Moldagulovoy ulitsa, Novoukhtomskoe shosse
8 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg North-Eastern Chord, Kosinskoe Highway
8 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Ryazansky prospekt, Lermontovsky prospekt — Lyubertsy
11 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg M5 (Volgogradsky prospekt, Novoryazanskoye shosse) – Ryazan, Bykovo Airport
14 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Verkhniye Polya ulitsa — Kotelniki
16 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Energetikov ulitsa, Kapotnya ulitsa — Dzerzhinsky, Kapotnya
20 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Besedinskoe shosse — Besedy
24 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg Kashirskoye Highway
27 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg M4 (Lipetskaya ulitsa) – Domodedovo Airport, Vidnoe, Kashira, Rostov-on-Don
30 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Bulatnikovo
33 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg M2 (Varshavskoe shosse) – Ostafyevo International Airport, Podolsk
35 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Polyany ulitsa — Butovo
38 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Paustovskogo ulitsa — Yasenevo
41 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg A130 / Profsoyuznaya ulitsa
45 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg M3 (Kiyevskoye Highway) / Leninsky Avenue – Vnukovo Airport, Bryansk, Kyiv
48 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Borovskoye shosse, Ozyornaya ulitsa
55 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg M1 (Minskoye shosse) / Mozhayskoye shosse – Smolensk, Brest, Belarus
56 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Gorbunova ulitsa — Nemchinovka
60 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg A106 (Rublevo-Uspenskoye shosse) – Uspenskoye
61 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Rublevo-Uspenskoye shosse — Rublevo
63 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg M9 (Novorizhskoye shosse) / Marshala Zhukova prospekt – Riga, Velikiye Luki
65 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Myankininsky prospekt — Myakinino
68 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg A109 (Volokolamskoye shosse) – Dedovsk, Petrovo-Dalneye
72 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Novokurkinskoye shosse — Kurkino
74 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Svobody ulitsa, Molodezhnaya ulitsa — Kurkino
75 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg M10 – Sheremetyevo International Airport, Khimki, Saint Petersburg
78 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg M11
82 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg A104 (Dmitrovskoye shosse) – Dubna, Dmitrov
85 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Altufyevskoye shosse — Veshki
91 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Ostashskaya ulitsa
95 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg M8 (Yaroslavskoye shosse) – Yaroslavl
103 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Khabarovskaya ulitsa — Abramtsevo
105 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg A103 (Shchelkovskoye shosse) – Shchyolkovo

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Ring roads in Moscow:

Comparison to other ring roads encircling big cities:

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Map not including the new boroughs (2012) of Novomoskovsky and Troitsky
  2. ^ "Bul'var Dmitriya Donskogo". Moscow Metro official site. Archived from the original on 13 March 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2013.

External links[edit]