Moscow mayoral election, 2013

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Moscow mayoral election, 2013
Flag of Moscow.svg
← 2003 September 8, 2013 2018 →
Turnout 32.3%
  Sergey Sobyanin Alexey Navalny Ivan Melnikov
Candidate Sergey Sobyanin Alexei Navalny Ivan Melnikov
Party Nonpartisan RPR-PARNAS Communist Party
Popular vote 1,193,178 632,697 248,294
Percentage 51.37% 27.24% 10.69%

  Sergey Mitrokhin Mihail Degtyarev Nikolay Levichev
Candidate Sergey Mitrokhin Mikhail Degtyarev Nikolay Levichev
Party Yabloko Liberal Democratic Party A Just Russia
Popular vote 81,493 66,232 64,779
Percentage 3.51% 2.86% 2.79%

Mayor before election

Sergey Sobyanin
Nonpartisan

Elected Mayor

Sergey Sobyanin
Nonpartisan

The Moscow mayoral election of 2013 was held on September 8, 2013, as part of the regional elections, at the same time as the elections in Moscow Oblast and other Oblasts were held.

Elections were held after Mayor Sergey Sobyanin had announced his departure on June 4. The elections were the first time in 10 years that citizens of the federal city of Moscow could choose their mayor by a popular vote.[1]

Moscow is both a city and separate federal subject, according to the Constitution of Russia.[2] Most of federal subjects are headed by governors or presidents, but the office of the head of Moscow is called Mayor of Moscow, according to the Charter of the city of Moscow.[3] Sergey Sobyanin won with 51.37% of the vote in the first round, with Alexei Navalny receiving 27.24% of the vote, significantly more than previously expected by the polls. Sobyanin was declared the winner after the first round. Voter turnout was 33.23%.[4] The total number of registered voters was 7,176,568.[5]

Background[edit]

The position of Mayor of Moscow was elected between 1991 and 2004. In 2004, Vladimir Putin suggested a law to abolish direct elections of governors, the Moscow mayor, and presidents of Russian regions. The law was swiftly adopted by the parliament.[6] The new legislation moved the election system to an indirect one in which parliamentary political parties and the President of Russia nominated a candidate who must then have been approved by the Moscow City Duma. Following the 2011–13 Russian protests which followed the 2011 parliamentary election, President Dmitry Medvedev offered to re-introduce the direct elections of the governors and the mayor of Moscow, and corresponding legislation was approved by the Parliament.[7]

On June 5, 2013, the incumbent mayor, Sergey Sobyanin, who was nominated as mayor in 2010, announced his resignation from the post. Russian law allows the mayor to resign and run again for the same office if the president gives his approval.[8] A short time later, Sobyanin confirmed his intention to stand for election.[9]

Regulations[edit]

A candidate to the office must be citizen of the Russian Federation over the age of 30. Self-nomination of candidates for the post of Mayor of Moscow, and the collection of signatures of 1% of Moscow voters (about 73 000 signatures[10][11][12]) in support of the nomination shall be made within 30 days of the official publication of the decision to call the election. Or alternatively these signatures are not needed for candidates from registered political party.[13]

Each of the political parties (electoral blocks were cancelled in early 2000s) can nominate only one candidate for the post of mayor. In this case, the candidate can not give consent to be nominated from several polling organizations. The candidate nominated by self-nomination cannot give consent to be nominated in the same election by an electoral association.[13]

A candidate for mayor of Moscow may have up to 100 "trusted representatives".[13] The maximum amount of a candidate's election fund shall not exceed 200 million rubles. In the second round of this amount may be increased by 10 percent.[13]

Municipal filter[edit]

Ballot of the election

All registered candidates are required to pass so called municipal filter introduced be a federal law of 2012:[14] all candidates are required to receive support from at least 6% of elected municipal deputies or heads of municipalities. Those supporting municipal deputies should represent no less than 75% of the federal subject's municipalities. One deputy can only support one candidate.[13] For Moscow 2013 elections it means that every candidate should provide signatures of at least 110 elected municipal deputies representing 75% of all Moscow municipalities.[11] Since most municipalities are controlled by the United Russia party the municipal filter is especially hard to pass for the opposition candidates.[15]

Criteria for election[edit]

To be elected a candidate must get more than 50% of votes. If no one achieves 50%, a runoff is to be held in 14 days. Only the two most successful candidates from the first round participate in the second round.[13]

Election date[edit]

In a vote held on June 6, 27 members of Moscow City Duma backed the proposed date, and only two voted against it.[16]

Registered candidates[edit]

Registration for the election was completed on July 17.[17]

Potential candidates[edit]

About 40 persons wanted to participate in the elections.[23]

candidates who failed "municipal filter", not allowed to participate in elections[24]
only stated about their participation

Results[edit]

The results were (turnout was 32.07%):[33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ В Москве состоятся первые выборы мэра за 10 лет (in Russian). Euronews. April 6, 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Constitution of the Russian Federation, 65-1
  3. ^ http://constitution.garant.ru/region/ustav_moskv/chapter/1/#block_5
  4. ^ "При Лужкове такого не было": москвичи показали рекордно низкую явку (in Russian). Rbc.ru. 9 September 2013. Retrieved 9 September 2013. 
  5. ^ http://www.cikrf.ru/izbiratel/quantity/010713.html
  6. ^ Цыбульский, Владимир (24 January 2013). Синдром отмены (in Russian). Lenta.ru. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "Russia's Medvedev Proposes Direct Elections Of Governors". 
  8. ^ "Sobyanin's Early Election Stunt". Moscow Times. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  9. ^ "Moscow City Hall Sets Snap Mayoral Election Date". RIA Novosti. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  10. ^ http://www.gazeta.ru/politics/news/2013/07/01/n_3009401.shtml
  11. ^ a b http://ria.ru/politics/20130701/946817829.html
  12. ^ http://lenta.ru/news/2013/07/09/registr
  13. ^ a b c d e f "Выборы мэра Москвы 2013". Novoye Mneniye. 
  14. ^ Smaylov, Alexey. "В России будет введен муниципальный отбор кандидатов в губернаторы". km.ru. 
  15. ^ "Муниципальный фильтр обернулся "бегом вокруг психбольницы"". RBC Information Systems. 
  16. ^ Лазуренко, Алексей (7 June 2013). Выборы мэра Москвы пройдут в Единый день голосования 8-го сентября (in Russian). ОАО Телерадиокомпания «Петербург». Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  17. ^ a b c d e Завершена регистрация кандидатов на пост мэра Москвы (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. July 17, 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  18. ^ a b http://moscow.er.ru/persons/346/
  19. ^ http://moscow.er.ru/persons/presidium/
  20. ^ http://www.mos.ru/en/press-center/news/index.php?id_4=23943&tag_4=885
  21. ^ a b Smolchenko, Anna (July 17, 2013). "Navalny Moscow mayoral bid accepted ahead of verdict". Fox News. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  22. ^ А.Навальный стал кандидатом в мэры от РПР-ПАРНАС (in Russian). RBC Daily. June 14, 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  23. ^ a b c "Мосгоризбирком завершил прием документов у кандидатов в мэры Москвы". RIA Novosti. 11 June 2013. 
  24. ^ Сведения о кандидатах на должность главы местного самоуправления (in Russian). Московская городская избирательная комиссия. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  25. ^ Глеб Фетисов сдал в Мосгоризбирком подписи муниципальных депутатов. m24.ru (in Russian). 11 July 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  26. ^ "Светлана Пеунова сдала документы в МГИК, но без необходимого числа подписей депутатов" (in Russian). ИА REGNUM. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  27. ^ "Музыкант Паук подал документы для выдвижения кандидатом в мэры Москвы". RIA Novosti. 14 June 2013. 
  28. ^ "Координатор волонтеров ЧС Алена Попова подала документы на участие в выборах мэра Москвы". 24 June 2013. kasparov.ru. 
  29. ^ "Шоладеми решил снять свою кандидатуру с выборов в мэры Москвы". RIA Novosti. 9 July 2013. 
  30. ^ "Темнокожий блогер Шоладеми стал кандидатом в мэры Москвы". Polit.ru. 
  31. ^ "Наталья Чернышева и Андрей Нечаев представили программу к выборам мэра Москвы". Moskovskiye Novosti. 18 June 2013. 
  32. ^ "Почему Зюганов послал своего зама на выборы мэра Москвы?". TASS-analytics. 26 June 2013. 
  33. ^ Moscow City Vybory Izbirkom

External links[edit]