|Moses Mauane Kotane|
|Secretary-General of the South African Communist Party|
|Succeeded by||Moses Mabhida|
|Treasurer General of the African National Congress|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Nkobi|
August 9, 1905|
|Died||May 19, 1978(aged 72)|
|Political party||South African Communist Party, African National Congress|
Kotane was born in Tamposstad, Transvaal (now North West) to a devout Christian family of Tswana origins. He received little formal schooling prior to entering the workforce. In 1922 at the age of 17, Kotane began his working in Krugersdorp, where he worked in various jobs including as a photographer's assistant, domestic servant, miner, and bakery worker.
Trade unionism and early party politics
In 1928, Kotane joined the African National Congress but left it, considering it weak and ineffectual. Later that year he joined the African Bakers Union, an affiliate of the new Federation of Non-European Trade Unions then being built by SACP. Kotane joined SACP a year later in 1929, soon becoming a member of the party's politburo. In 1931, he became a full time functionary of SACP. Within the Communist Party, Kotane worked on Umsebenzi, the party's newspaper. As a promising young party member, Kotane was sent to Moscow to study Marxism-Leninism at the International Lenin School. In Moscow, Kotane studied under Endre Sík, 1967 recipient of the Lenin Peace Prize and other Marxist theorists. Returning to South Africa in 1933, Kotane advanced through the Party until the point where he became the party's general secretary in 1939.
Kotane was a well-respected member of the struggle for majority rule in South Africa by even non-communist leaders. Walter Sisulu credited him as a "giant of the struggle" because of his logical and non-dogmatic approach. Kotane was also a leading member of the African National Congress at the same time as the SACP. With the African National Congress, Kotane served as Treasurer General from 1963 to 1973 when he was replaced by Thomas Nkobi. Kotane, representing the Communist Party, attended the 1955 Asian-African Conference in Bandung, Indonesia. From 1956 to 1961, Kotane was a defendant in the Treason Trial alongside fellow South African leaders Nelson Mandela, Albert Luthuli, Joe Slovo, Walter Sisulu and 151 others. Despite years of prosecution, none of the defendants, including Kotane, were convicted.
- Moses Kotane, South African Revolutionary, A Political Biography by Brian Bunting. Published by Inkululeko Publications, 39 Goodge Street, London W1. © Inkululeko Publications, 1975.
- Moses Kotane's tomb
|Party political offices|
|General Secretary of the South African Communist Party