Moses Lake, Washington
Aerial view of Moses Lake & Potholes Reservoir
Grant County, Washington
|• City||20.85 sq mi (54.00 km2)|
|• Land||17.89 sq mi (46.34 km2)|
|• Water||2.96 sq mi (7.65 km2)|
|Elevation||1,070 ft (326 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,303.75/sq mi (503.38/km2)|
|• Metro||97,331 (US: 36th)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific (PST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1512481|
Moses Lake is a city in Grant County, Washington, United States. The population was 20,366 as of the 2010 census. Moses Lake is the largest city in Grant County. The city anchors the Moses Lake Micropolitan area, which includes all of Grant County, and is part of the Moses Lake-Othello combined statistical area.
Moses Lake, on which the city lies, is made up of three main arms over 18 miles (29 km) long and up to one mile (1.6 km) wide. It is the largest natural body of fresh water in Grant County and has over 120 miles (190 km) of shoreline covering 6,500 acres (2,600 ha). Before it was dammed in the early 1900s and then incorporated into the Columbia Basin Project, Moses Lake was a smaller shallow lake. To the south of the town is the Potholes Reservoir and the Columbia National Wildlife Refuge that has a number of seep lakes and vast amounts of migratory birds and other fauna natural to the area.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Climate
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Education
- 8 Activities
- 9 Sister cities
- 10 Notable people
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Before the construction of Grand Coulee Dam on the Columbia River in 1941 and Moses Lake Army Air Base in 1942 the area was largely barren. Native Americans knew the area as Houaph, which meant willow. Chief Moses was leader of the Sinkiuse tribe from 1859 to 1899, and was forced to negotiate with white settlers who began to settle in the area in the 1880s. Under pressure from the government, Chief Moses traded the Columbia Basin land for a reservation that stretched from Lake Chelan north to the Canada–US border. The government later traded again for what is now the Colville Indian Reservation.
The new settlers named the lake in honor of Chief Moses. The city was originally named Neppel, after a town in Germany where one of the original settlers had lived. The first settlers established fisheries and farms — some of the first exported items were carp, jackrabbits and fruit — but irrigation attempts failed and settlers left at about the same rate as they came. When the town was incorporated and renamed Moses Lake in 1938, the population was estimated at 302 people.
Arrival of the air base in 1942 and irrigation water pumped from Grand Coulee Dam in 1955 offered newcomers a reason and a way to settle in an area that previously had little to offer other than good fishing and a place to water sheep and cattle. Moses Lake was quickly transformed into a hub for a vast region where transportation, agriculture and recreation came together.
The air base was built to train World War II pilots to fly the P-38 Lightning and B-17 Flying Fortress, two planes that were essential to the war effort. The base was closed after the war ended, but reopened in 1948 as a U.S. Air Force base and test area for Boeing's B-47 Stratojet and B-50 Superfortress.
The B-47 tests led to development of modern commercial jetliners still used today. Fighter jets were stationed there to protect Grand Coulee Dam to the north and the Hanford site to the south. Boeing still uses the airport as a test and evaluation facility for its aircraft. Japan Airlines used the airport as a training area from November 1968 until March 2009. The old air base is now owned by the Port of Moses Lake and is home to Grant County International Airport, Big Bend Community College and several businesses.
Farmers, meanwhile, had developed new methods to irrigate water from the lake and from the Columbia River and began planting expansive irrigated acreage. When the Columbia Basin Project was completed in the mid-1950's, farms expanded by thousands of acres, growing potatoes, corn, onions, carrots and sugar beets.
In little more than a decade, Moses Lake's population grew from 300 to 2,679 in 1950. Today, the population is 21,419 (2014 estimate).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.75 square miles (48.56 km2), of which, 15.75 square miles (40.79 km2) is land and 3.00 square miles (7.77 km2) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 20,366 people, 7,600 households, and 4,995 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,293.1 inhabitants per square mile (499.3/km2). There were 8,365 housing units at an average density of 531.1 per square mile (205.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.4% White, 1.6% African American, 1.0% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 14.9% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 30.1% of the population.
There were 7,600 households of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.3% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.25.
The median age in the city was 32.1 years. 29.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27% were from 25 to 44; 21.4% were from 45 to 64; and 12.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,953 people, 5,642 households, and 3,740 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,468.6 people per square mile (567.1/km²). There were 6,263 housing units at an average density of 615.1 per square mile (237.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.16% White, 1.69% African American, 1.02% Native American, 1.43% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 15.44% from other races, and 3.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.41% of the population.
There were 5,642 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the city, the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $36,467, and the median income for a family was $42,096. Males had a median income of $34,945 versus $25,193 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,644. About 11.0% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.7% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.
Moses Lake has a dry climate, and is classed as a semi-arid climate. It is warm during summer when temperatures tend to be in the 80's and somewhat cold during winter when temperatures tend to be in the 30's. The warmest month is July with an average maximum temperature of 88.20 °F. The coldest month is January with an average minimum temperature of 21.70 °F.
Temperature variations between night and day are greater during summer (27 °F), and less during winter (14 °F).
The annual average precipitation at Moses Lake is 7.69 inches (195 mm). Although rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year, it is not unusual in mid-summer for a month or six weeks to pass without any measurable rainfall. The wettest month is December with an average rainfall of 1.19 inch (30 mm).
|Climate data for Moses Lake, Washington|
|Record high °F (°C)||61
|Average high °F (°C)||34
|Average low °F (°C)||22
|Record low °F (°C)||−22
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.83
|Source: The Weather Channel|
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Moses Lake's historic economic base has been agriculture, but now includes considerable manufacturing and technology. Several companies have moved to the area, including REC Silicon (one of the world's largest manufacturers of polysilicon, used in solar panels). Moses Lake has also attracted some alternative fuel companies, such as Washington Ethanol & Washington Biodiesel.
BMW, in partnership with the SGL Group, began construction in July 2010 on a $100 million carbon-fiber manufacturing plant. The plant was designed to produce 300 tons of carbon fiber per year from a single production building, and began operations in 2011. In 2013, ground was broken for a second 300-ton building, bringing projected production to 600 tons per year. In 2014, a third 300-ton building was started. When the third building is completed, SGL Moses Lake will be the largest producer of carbon fiber in the world. Mitsubishi in 2016 announced that the company would use the port of Moses Lake for its new regional jet (MRJ) FAA flight testing. The testing will be completed by the end of 2018. Other major corporations that have facilities in (or are based in) Moses Lake include:
- Terex/AWP (Genie Industries)
- Guardian Industries
- ConAgra Foods
- Basic American Foods
- Moses Lake Industries
- J.R. Simplot Co.
- International Paper
Moses Lake is bisected by two major highways that bypass the city center: Interstate 90 and State Route 17. State Route 171 and Interstate 90 Business serve the city's downtown, connecting to the two highways.
During the 1990's, a high-speed rail line between Seattle and Moses Lake was proposed, primarily to use Grant County International Airport as a satellite airport for the Seattle metropolitan area.
Larson Air Force Base, five miles from the city of Moses Lake, originally was named Moses Lake Army Air Base. It was activated on 24 November 1942 as a World War II training center. Major Donald A. Larson, for whom the base was later renamed, was from Yakima, Washington.
The Secretary of Defense announced on November 19, 1965 that Larson was to be closed by June of the following year. Larson Air Force Base, since renamed Grant County International Airport, is now a world-class heavy jet training and testing facility used by the Boeing Company, the U.S. Military and NASA. Columbia Pacific Aviation now handles charter passenger service to and from Moses Lake. With 4,700 acres (1,900 ha) and a main runway 13,500 feet (4,110 m) long, it is one of the largest airports in the United States.
Moses Lake is also served by the much smaller Municipal Airport, which has one runway.
- Midway Learning Center
- Lakeview Elementary
- Garden Heights Elementary
- Larson Heights Elementary
- North Elementary
- Peninsula Elementary
- Knolls Vista Elementary
- Longview Elementary
- Sage Point Elementary
- Park Orchard Elementary
- Frontier Middle School
- Chief Moses Middle School
- Endeavor Middle School (was Columbia Basin Secondary School)
- AIM School and Gymnastics (Kindergarten and 1st Grade)
- Glenn J. Kimber Academy
- Moses Lake Christian Academy
- Crest View Christian School
- Covenant Christian School
- Family Services of Grant County / Head Start
- Columbia Basin Job Corps Civilian Conservation Center
- Columbia Basin Technical Skill Center
- Spring Festival (Memorial Day weekend)
- Moses Lake Water Sports Festival (June) (first held in June 2008)
- Lion's Field, located Downtown near Frontier Middle School, was remodeled after a voter-approved levy. FieldTurf was installed and the first game held on the new turf was a soccer game between the Moses Lake Chiefs and the Wenatchee Panthers. The Football team opened the completed stadium on September 12, 2008.
- Brews and Tunes (First held in February 2018)
- Moses Lake Sand Dunes are open year round to 4x4 and ORV enthusiasts. The Sand Dunes bring people from all over the world to play in the sand.
Moses Lake has one sister city, according to the Washington State Lt. Governor's list of Washington Sister Cities:
Moses Lake has a long history with its sister city; Yonezawa, Japan. The two cities have been exchanging students every summer for over 20 years. There is a street named after Yonezawa in Moses Lake and a street named after Moses Lake in Yonezawa.
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- T. R. Bryden - MLB pitcher - Born in Moses Lake January 17, 1959
- Jason Buck - NFL Defensive Lineman - Born in Moses Lake July 27, 1963
- Matt Cedeño - Actor - Born in Moses Lake November 14, 1973
- Ryan Doumit - MLB catcher for the Minnesota Twins - Born and raised in Moses Lake
- Clarence Gilyard - Actor who performed on Matlock and Walker, Texas Ranger - born there December 24, 1955
- Pierson Fodé - Actor, born November 6, 1991
- Dave Heaverlo - MLB Pitcher - Born in Ellensburg, Washington but grew up, and still lives in, Moses Lake
- Joe Hooper - Medal of Honor recipient in Vietnam
- Evel Knievel - Daredevil - Lived in Moses Lake for some time
- Reid Stowe - Sailor, Adventurer - Born January 6, 1952, on Larson Air Force Base near Moses Lake
- Martha Thomsen - Model - Born in Moses Lake 25 January 1957
- Kirk A. Triplett - PGA golfer - Born in Moses Lake March 29, 1962
- Joseph J. Tyson - Roman Catholic bishop of Yakima diocese
- Bryan Warrick - NBA player of the Washington Bullets, Los Angeles Clippers, Milwaukee Bucks, and the Indiana Pacers - Born in Moses Lake
- "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2019.
- "Moses Lake". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Moses Lake, USGS, GNIS
- "Historical Perspective". City of Moses Lake. Archived from the original on June 3, 2019. Retrieved June 3, 2019. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Moses Lake -- Thumbnail History". www.historylink.org. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
- "History of Moses Lake | Moses Lake, WA - Official Website". www.cityofml.com. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 2, 2013.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
- Moses Lake Chamber of Commerce Archived May 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "The Weather Channel". 2009. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- Read, Richard (May 30, 2019). "These solar workers will lose their jobs if Trump doesn't get a China deal". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
- Robbins, Jefferson. "Mitsubishi makes progress on Moses Lake jet program". iFIBER One News. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
- Vantuono, William C. (November 4, 2014). "Columbia Basin Railroad busiest short line in eastern Washington State". Railway Age. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
- Whitely, Peyton (October 8, 1992). "Panel to oppose high-speed train to Moses Lake". The Seattle Times. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
- Grant County Int'l Airport. Retrieved January 11, 2011.
- Columbia Pacific Aviation. Retrieved January 11, 2011.
- "北米の補習授業校一覧" (Archive). MEXT. January 2, 2003. Retrieved on April 6, 2015. Moses Lake: "Japanese Supplementary School of Moses Lake c/o JAL Building 3401,6955 22nd Ave.,Moses Lake,WA98837,U.S.A."
- SEVERO, RICHARD (December 1, 2007). "Evel Knievel, 69, Daredevil on a Motorcycle, Dies". New York Times. Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- "Bibliography - Moses Lake". Center for Columbia River History. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- City of Moses Lake
- Columbia Basin Herald newspaper
- MosesLakeWashington.mobi - Mobile guide to Moses Lake Washington
- "Moses Lake Community History Exhibit". Center for Columbia River History. Retrieved August 15, 2013.