Moses Pinheiro

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Moses Pinheiro (d. 1689)[1] was an Italian Jew who lived in Livorno in the seventeenth century. He was one of the most influential pupils and followers of Sabbatai Zevi.

He was held in high esteem on account of his religious and kabbalistic knowledge; and, as the brother-in-law of Joseph Ergas, the well-known anti-Sabbatean, he had great influence over the Jews of Leghorn, urging them to believe in Sabbatai. Even later, in 1667, when Shabbethai's apostasy was rumored, Pinheiro, in common with numerous other adherents of Zevi, still believed him to be the messiah.

Pinheiro was "the center of the Shabbatean group in Livorno", and he maintained a correspondence with Shabbetai Zevi over the years, after his return from Constantinople to Livorno in 1667. He spent some time with Sabbatai in Constantinople in 1666-67. Nathan stayed at Pinheiro's house on his visit to Italy in 1668.[2]

Pinheiro was the teacher of Abraham Miguel Cardoso, whom he initiated into the Kabbalah and into the mysteries of Sabbateanism.


  1. ^ Schacter, J. J. (2000). Motivations for Radical Anti-Sabbatianism: The Case of Ḥakham Ẓevi Ashkenazi. מחקרי ירושלים במחשבת ישראל, 31-49.
  2. ^ Scholem, Gershom (2007). "Pinheiro, Moses". In Berenbaum, Michael; Skolnik, Fred (eds.). Encyclopaedia Judaica. Vol. 16 (2nd ed.). Detroit: Macmillan Reference. pp. 168–169. ISBN 978-0-02-866097-4 – via Gale Virtual Reference Library.


  • Grätz, Gesch. 3d ed., x. 190, 204, 225, 229, 312

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSinger, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Pinheiro, Moses". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls.