Moses Pinheiro

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Moses Pinheiro, an Italian Jew who lived at Livorno in the seventeenth century, was one of the most influential pupils and followers of Sabbatai Zevi.

He was held in high esteem on account of his religious and kabbalistic knowledge; and, as the brother-in-law of Joseph Ergas, the well-known anti-Sabbatean, he had great influence over the Jews of Leghorn, urging them to believe in Sabbatai. Even later, in 1667, when Shabbethai's apostasy was rumored, Pinheiro, in common with numerous other adherents of Zevi, still believed him to be the messiah.

Pinheiro was "the center of the Shabbatean group in Livorno," and he maintained a correspondence with Shabbetai Zevi over the years, after his return from Constantinople to Livorno in 1667. He spent some time with Sabbatai in Constantinople in 1666-67. Nathan stayed at Pinheiro's house on his visit to Italy in 1668.[1]

Pinheiro was the teacher of Abraham Miguel Cardoso, whom he initiated into the Kabbalah and into the mysteries of Sabbateanism.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Scholem, Gershom. "Pinheiro, Moses." Encyclopaedia Judaica. Ed. Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik. 2nd ed. Vol. 16. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. 168-169. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 15 Feb. 2016.

References[edit]

  • Grätz, Gesch. 3d ed., x. 190, 204, 225, 229, 312

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSinger, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Pinheiro, Moses". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.