Moses Robinson

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Moses Robinson
Mosesrobinson.jpg
2nd Governor of Vermont Republic
In office
1789–1790
Lieutenant Joseph Marsh
Preceded by Thomas Chittenden
Succeeded by Thomas Chittenden
United States Senator
from Vermont
In office
October 17, 1791 – October 17, 1796
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Isaac Tichenor
Personal details
Born (1741-03-22)March 22, 1741
Hardwick, Massachusetts
Died May 26, 1813(1813-05-26) (aged 72)
Bennington, Vermont
Citizenship
  • Colonial Massachusetts (1741–1761)
  • New Hampshire Grants (disputed territory then governed as a part of colonial New Hampshire and that later became Vermont) (1761–1764)
  • Territory claimed by colonial New York (1764–1776)
  • Territory claimed by the independent state of New York (1776–1777)
  • Republic of Vermont (1777–1791)
  • United States (1791–1813)
Political party Anti-Administration
Democratic-Republican
Spouse(s) Mary Fay (1st)
Susannah Howe (2nd)
Profession Politician, farmer, land speculator

Moses Robinson (March 22, 1741 – May 26, 1813) was a prominent Vermont political figure. When Vermont was an independent country, he was its first chief justice and served a one-year term as governor. As governor he superintended the negotiations that led to Vermont's admission to the Union as the fourteenth state in the United States. He then served as one of the first two United States Senators from Vermont.

Biography[edit]

Robinson was born in Hardwick, Massachusetts where he spent his childhood. In 1761 he moved with his family to Bennington, in what would later become Vermont but was then governed as part of New Hampshire – the New Hampshire Grants. His father Samuel Robinson was an important leader of early Vermont, and died while in England attempting to resolve a dispute over whether New Hampshire or New York had the right to grant land and town charters in the New Hampshire Grants.

Moses Robinson soon became an important citizen of Bennington in his own right, serving as town clerk from 1762 to 1781. He farmed and speculated in land, and became active in the American independence movement, serving as a colonel in the Vermont militia during the American Revolution.[1]

Career[edit]

In 1778, when the government of Vermont was erected after Vermont declared independence in 1777, Robinson became a member of the governor's council and chief justice of the Vermont Supreme Court.[2] In 1782 he was sent to the Continental Congress as a state agent to attempt to solve the ongoing governance dispute with New York.[3] He served on the governor's council until 1785 and as chief justice until 1789, when he became governor of Vermont, replacing Thomas Chittenden. Robinson served as governor until October 1790, almost five months before Vermont was admitted as a state to the United States, and was succeeded by Chittenden.

In 1789 Robinson received the honorary degree of master of arts from Yale University, and in 1790 he received the same honor from Dartmouth College.

Immediately after Vermont's admission to the Union in 1791, Robinson was elected by the Vermont General Assembly to one of Vermont's two United States Senate seats. He served in the Senate for five years of his six-year term, from October 17, 1791 to October 15, 1796, when he resigned.[4] He became associated with the anti-administration faction and, later in his term, with the beginnings of the Democratic-Republican Party of Thomas Jefferson.

After his retirement from the Senate, Robinson moved back to Bennington and resumed farming and land speculation. He served in the Vermont House of Representatives in 1802.

Death[edit]

Robinson died in Bennington, and is interred at the Old Bennington Cemetery.[5]

Family[edit]

Robinson married Mary Fay, daughter of Stephen Fay, a leader of Green Mountain Boys, and sister of Joseph Fay and David Fay. They had six sons: Moses, Aaron, Samuel, Nathan, Elijah, and Fay.[6] His second wife, after Mary's death, was Susanah Howe.

Robinson was the older brother of Jonathan Robinson, who was also prominent in Vermont's political history.[7] Governor John S. Robinson was the son of Nathan Robinson and the grandson of Moses Robinson.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Moses Robinson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 24, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Robinson, Moses (1741–1813)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Moses Robinson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 24, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Sen. Moses Robinson". Govtrack.us. Retrieved December 26, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Moses Robinson". Find A Grave. Retrieved October 23, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Moses Robinson". Find A Grave. Retrieved October 23, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Robinson, Jonathan (1756–1819)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Allen, Ira (1969) [1798]. The natural and political history of the State of Vermont, one of the United States of America. Charles E. Tuttle Company. ISBN 0-8048-0419-2. 
  • Doyle, William T. The Vermont Political Tradition and Those Who Helped Make It. Doyle Publisher: 1987. ISBN 0-9615486-1-4.
  • Duffy, John J., et al. Vermont: An Illustrated History. American Historical Press: 2000. ISBN 1-892724-08-1.
  • Mello, Robert A. (2014). Moses Robinson and the Founding of Vermont. Vermont Historical Society. ISBN 978-0934720656. 
  • Potash, P. Jeffrey, et al. Freedom and Unity: A History of Vermont. Vermont Historical Society: 2004. ISBN 0-934720-49-5.
  • Van de Water, Frederic Franklyn (1974). The Reluctant Republic: Vermont 1724–1791. The Countryman Press. ISBN 0-914378-02-3. 

External links[edit]


United States Senate
Preceded by
none – first in line
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Vermont
1791—1796
Succeeded by
Isaac Tichenor
Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas Chittenden
Governor of Vermont Republic
1789—1790
Succeeded by
Thomas Chittenden