|2nd Governor of the Vermont Republic|
|Preceded by||Thomas Chittenden|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Chittenden|
|United States Senator|
October 17, 1791 – October 17, 1796
|Succeeded by||Isaac Tichenor|
|Born||March 22, 1741|
|Died||May 26, 1813 (aged 72)|
|Profession||Politician, farmer, land speculator|
Moses Robinson (March 22, 1741 – May 26, 1813) was a prominent Vermont political figure. When Vermont was an independent republic, he was its first chief justice and served a one-year term as governor. As governor he superintended the negotiations that led to Vermont's admission to the Union as the fourteenth state in the United States. He then served as one of the first two United States Senators from Vermont.
Robinson was born in Hardwick, Massachusetts where he spent his childhood. In 1761 he moved with his family to Bennington, in what would later become Vermont but was then governed as part of New Hampshire – the New Hampshire Grants. His father Samuel Robinson was an important leader in the New Hampshire Grants, and died in 1767 while in England attempting to resolve a dispute over whether New Hampshire or New York had the right to grant land and town charters there.
Moses Robinson soon became an important citizen of Bennington in his own right, serving as town clerk from 1762 to 1781. He farmed and speculated in land, and became active in the American independence movement, serving as a colonel in the Vermont militia during the American Revolution.
In 1778, when the government of Vermont was erected after Vermont declared independence in 1777, Robinson became a member of the governor's council and chief justice of the Vermont Supreme Court. In 1782 he was sent to the Continental Congress as a state agent to attempt to solve the ongoing governance dispute with New York. He served on the governor's council until 1785 and as chief justice until 1789, when he became governor of Vermont, replacing Thomas Chittenden. Robinson served as governor until October 1790, almost five months before Vermont was admitted as a state to the United States, and was succeeded by Chittenden.
Immediately after Vermont's admission to the Union in 1791, Robinson was elected by the Vermont General Assembly to one of Vermont's two United States Senate seats. He served in the Senate for five years of his six-year term, from October 17, 1791, to October 15, 1796, when he resigned. He became associated with the anti-administration faction and, later in his term, with the beginnings of the Democratic-Republican Party of Thomas Jefferson.
Robinson died in Bennington and is interred at the Old Bennington Cemetery.
Robinson was the older brother of Jonathan Robinson and Samuel Robinson, who were also prominent in Vermont's political history. Governor John S. Robinson was the son of Nathan Robinson and the grandson of Moses Robinson.
- "Moses Robinson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
- "Robinson, Moses (1741–1813)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- "Sen. Moses Robinson". Govtrack.us. Retrieved December 26, 2012.
- "Robinson, Jonathan (1756–1819)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- Allen, Ira (1969) . The natural and political history of the State of Vermont, one of the United States of America. Charles E. Tuttle Company. ISBN 0-8048-0419-2.
- Doyle, William T. The Vermont Political Tradition and Those Who Helped Make It. Doyle Publisher: 1987. ISBN 0-9615486-1-4.
- Duffy, John J., et al. Vermont: An Illustrated History. American Historical Press: 2000. ISBN 1-892724-08-1.
- Mello, Robert A. (2014). Moses Robinson and the Founding of Vermont. Vermont Historical Society. ISBN 978-0934720656.
- Potash, P. Jeffrey, et al. Freedom and Unity: A History of Vermont. Vermont Historical Society: 2004. ISBN 0-934720-49-5.
- Van de Water, Frederic Franklyn (1974). The Reluctant Republic: Vermont 1724–1791. The Countryman Press. ISBN 0-914378-02-3.
- United States Congress. "Moses Robinson (id: R000350)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Moses Robinson at Find a Grave
- The Political Graveyard
- National Governors Association
none – first in line
| U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Vermont
| Governor of Vermont Republic