Moses of Évreux

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Moses of Évreux was a French tosafist, and author of a siddur,[1] who flourished at Évreux in Normandy in the first half of the thirteenth century. His father was Shneur of Évreux who left behind three children each of them outstanding scholars: Moses of Évreux, Samuel of Évreux and Isaac of Évreux. Moses was the oldest brother and teacher of his younger brothers. They were collectively called "the sages of Évreux".[2]

Gross identifies him with Moses ben Shneor, the teacher of the author of Sefer ha-Gan, a commentary on the Pentateuch. Others have generally supposed to him to be the son of Yom-Ṭov, referred to in Elijah Mizraḥi's responsa (No. 82).

The Tosafot of Évreux, much used by tosafists, was his work. He is quoted in the tosafot on Berakot, and his name is frequently written.[3] His tosafot are called also Shiṭṭah of Évreux.[4] Moses wrote his tosafot on the margin of a copy of Isaac Alfasi, whose authority he invoked.[5]


  1. ^ Semaḳ No. 154
  2. ^ Tos. to Beẓah 21b, to 'Er. 6b, and to Soṭah 22a
  3. ^ Tos. to Soṭah. 22a; Shiṭṭah Meḳubbeẓet on B. Ḳ. 3a et passim
  4. ^ Teshubot Mahram, No. 608
  5. ^ Tos. to Ber. 26b

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWilhelm Bacher and M. Seligsohn (1901–1906). "Moses of Evreux". In Singer, Isidore; et al. (eds.). The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. Its bibliography:

  • Michael, Or ha-Ḥayyim, No. 1118;
  • Zunz, Z. G. p. 39;
  • Carmoly, Ben Chananja 1861, p. 195;
  • Gross, Gallia Judaica, p. 40;
  • Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. col. 1814.