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Yokneam (Moshava)
Yavne'el (Moshava)

A moshava (Hebrew: מושבה‎), plural: moshavot (מושבות), is a form of rural Jewish settlement in Ottoman Syria, established by the members of the Old Yishuv since late 1870s and during the first two waves of Jewish Zionist immigration - the First and Second Aliyah.

In a moshava, as opposed to later communal settlements like the kibbutz and the moshav, all the land and property are privately owned. The first moshavot, described as "colonies" in professional literature,[citation needed] were established by the members of the Jewish community and by pioneers of the First Aliyah arriving to Ottoman Palestine.[1][dead link] The economy of the early moshavot was based on agriculture.

Map of old moshavot.

Petah Tikva, known as the "Mother of the Moshavot" (Em HaMoshavot),[2] was founded in 1878 by members of the Old Yishuv, as well as Gai Oni, which later became Rosh Pina with the arrival of the First Aliyah. The first four moshavot of the First Aliyah period were Rishon LeZion, Rosh Pinna, Zikhron Ya'akov and Yesud HaMa'ala.[1]

The 28 moshavot established by Old Yishuv and the First Aliyah[edit]

Great Synagogue of Rishon LeZion was founded in 1885, picture taken between 1910 and 1924.

Rishon LeZion (1882)

Rosh Pinna (1882, taking over and renaming the colony of Gei Oni established in 1878 and down to three families by 1882)

Zikhron Ya'akov (1882)

Petah Tikva (1882; reestablished after first attempt in 1878)

Mazkeret Batya (1883 established as "Ekron")

Ness Ziona (1883; began as "Nahalat Reuven")

Yesud HaMa'ala (1883)

Herzl Street - Hadera, taken between 1891 and 1901.
Gedara, picture taken before 1899.

Gedera (1884)

Bat Shlomo (1889)

Meir Shfeya (1889)

Rehovot (1890)

Mishmar HaYarden (1890)

Hadera (1891)

Ein Zeitim (1892)

Motza (1894)

Hartuv (1895)

Metula (1896)

Be'er Tuvia (1896 reestablished and renamed by Hovevei Zion; first settled in 1887 under the name Castina)

Bnei Yehuda (1898; not identical with the new Bnei Yehuda)

Mahanayim (1898-1912)

Sejera (1899)

Mas'ha (1901), renamed Kfar Tavor in 1903

Yavne'el (1901)

Menahemia (1901)

Beit Gan (1903; next to Yavne'el)

Atlit (1903)

Giv'at Ada (1903)

Kfar Saba (1904)

Not included here: the five ephemeral colonies of the First Aliyah in the Hauran.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b [1]Moshava, Kibbutz, and Moshav: Patterns of Jewish Rural Settlement and Development in Palestine by D. Weintraub; M. Lissak; Y. Azmon
  2. ^ Moshava Zionism and Israel - Encyclopedic Dictionary