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Yokneam (Moshava)
Yavne'el (Moshava)

A moshava (Hebrew: מושבה‎‎), plural: moshavot (מושבות), is a form of rural Jewish settlement in Ottoman Syria, established by the members of the Old Yishuv since late 1870s and during the first two waves of Jewish Zionist immigration - the First and Second Aliyah.

In a moshava, as opposed to later communal settlements like the kibbutz and the moshav, all the land and property are privately owned. The first moshavot, described as "colonies" in professional literature,[citation needed] were established by the members of the Jewish community and by pioneers of the First Aliyah arriving to Ottoman Palestine.[1] The economy of the early moshavot was based on agriculture.

Map of old moshavot.

Petah Tikva, known as the "Mother of the Moshavot" (Em HaMoshavot),[2] was founded in 1878 by members of the Old Yishuv, as well as Gai Oni, which later became Rosh Pina with the arrival of the First Aliyah. The first four moshavot of the First Aliyah period were Rishon LeZion, Rosh Pinna, Zikhron Ya'akov and Yesud HaMa'ala.[1]

The 28 moshavot established by Old Yishuv and the First Aliyah[edit]

Great Synagogue of Rishon LeZion was founded in 1885, picture taken between 1910 and 1924.
Herzl Street - Hadera, taken between 1891 and 1901.
Gedara, picture taken before 1899.

Not included here are the five ephemeral colonies of the First Aliyah in the Hauran.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Bennett, John W. (1971). "Moshava, Kibbutz, and Moshav: Patterns of Jewish Rural Settlement and Development in Palestine by D. Weintraub, M. Lissak, Y. Azmon". American Journal of Agricultural Economics. Agricultural & Applied Economics Association. 53 (2): 380–2. ISSN 1467-8276. JSTOR 1237479 – via JSTOR. (registration required (help)). 
  2. ^ Moshava Zionism and Israel - Encyclopedic Dictionary