Moshe Chelouche

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Moshe Chelouche
משה שלוש
3rd Mayor of Tel Aviv
In office
20 October 1936 – 30 October 1936
Preceded byMeir Dizengoff
Succeeded byIsrael Rokach
Personal details
Born(1892-04-07)April 7, 1892
Jaffa, Ottoman Empire
DiedFebruary 26, 1968(1968-02-26) (aged 75)

Moshe "Musa" Chelouche (Hebrew: משה שלוש, Moshe Shlush, April 7, 1892 – February 26, 1968) was a Jewish politician and businessman in Mandatory Palestine and Israel who served in 1936 for 10 days as the Mayor of Tel Aviv.[1]


Chelouche was born in Jaffa in the Ottoman Empire,[2] and was educated in Ottoman Palestine,[3] Marseille,[4] and Beirut.[5] His father was Yosef Eliyahu Chelouche, a businessman and founder of Tel Aviv.[2] his father's father was a rabbi,[citation needed] and this mother's father had been the representative of Hovevei Zion.[4] Both his parents were of Moroccan descent.[citation needed] During World War I, Chelouche helped Jewish Immigrants to Palestine receive Ottoman Citizenship, and helped Zionist Activists escape the area to avoid Ottoman Persecution. He was captured by the Ottomans in 1915 and imprisoned in Damascus for a year.[2][3]

In 1928, Chelouche was elected to the Tel Aviv City Council. He was re-elected in 1935. Following the death of the city's Mayor, Meir Dizengoff on 23 September 1936, Chelouche returned from a visit in France to participate in the election of Dizengoff's successor. The City Council convened on 19 October and elected Chelouche mayor by a one-vote margin, defeating acting Mayor Israel Rokach.[6][7] On 30 October, General Arthur Wauchope, the High Commissioner of Palestine, invalidated the election of Chelouche, without giving reasons, and appointed Rokach in his stead.[6][1][8] The Council voted to condemn the decision on 15 November.[6]

Chelouche served as Bulgaria's Honorary consul to Mandatory Palestine from 1930 to 1940, when he resigned after Bulgaria passed Anti-Jewish racial laws.[2][3] Chelouche also helped found the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra[2]

Chelouche was married to Rachel, the daughter of a rabbi.[4] he had a son, Aharon, and a daughter, Leah.[2][5]

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ a b Shchori, Ilan (1993). "ראש עיר ל-10 ימים: פרשת בחירתו של משה שלוש כראש עירית תל אביב" [Mayor for Ten Days: Election Affairs of Moshe Chelouche as the Mayor of Tel Aviv]. עת-מול: עתון לתולדות ארץ ישראל ועם ישראל (י"ח (4): ע' 3–5 ed.).
  2. ^ a b c d e f "נפטר משה שלוש - מותיקי תל-אביב ועסקן ציבורי". Ma'ariv (in Hebrew). National Library of Israel. 1968-02-27. p. 8. Retrieved 2022-12-15.
  3. ^ a b c "מת משה שלוש". LaMerhav (in Hebrew). National Library of Israel. 1968-02-28. p. 6. Retrieved 2022-12-15.
  4. ^ a b c "משה שלוש". Encyclopedia of the Founders and Builders of Israel (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2022-12-16.
  5. ^ a b Levinson, Amit (2010-06-19). "נפטרה לאה שלוש, נצר לאחת המשפחות המייסדות של תל אביב". Ma'ariv nrg (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2022-12-15.
  6. ^ a b c Schori, Ilan. "תל אביב שלי - מאמרים - ראש עיר ליום אחד - פרשת בחירתו והדחתו של משה שלוש". (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  7. ^ Naor, Amit (2020-06-30). "ראש עיריית תל אביב ליום אחד". National Library of Israel (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  8. ^ Ziff, William B (1948). The Rape of Palestine. Great Britain: St Botolph' Publishing Co. p. 323.