Moskenes within Nordland
|• Mayor (2011)||Lillian Rasmussen (Local list)|
|• Total||118.58 km2 (45.78 sq mi)|
|• Land||110.26 km2 (42.57 sq mi)|
|• Water||8.32 km2 (3.21 sq mi)|
|Area rank||374 in Norway|
|• Rank||391 in Norway|
|• Density||10.1/km2 (26/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-12.9 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1874|
|Official language form||Neutral|
Moskenes is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The municipality comprises the southern part of the island of Moskenesøya in the traditional district of Lofoten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Reine. Other villages include Sørvågen, Hamnøy, and Å.
The municipality was established on 1 July 1916 when the southern part of Flakstad municipality was separated to become Moskenes. Initially, Moskenes had a population of 1,306.
On 1 January 1964, the municipalities of Flakstad and Moskenes were reunited, this time under the name "Moskenes". Prior to the merger, Moskenes had 2,001 residents and the new municipality of Moskenes had 4,068 residents. This new municipality did not last long because on 1 January 1976, Flakstad broke away again to once again form a separate municipality. This left Moskenes with 1,705 residents.
The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Moskenes farm ("Muskenes" – 1567), since the first church was built there. The first element is probably derived from the word mosk/musk which means "sea spray" and the last element is nes which means "headland". (See also Moskenstraumen.)
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 12 September 1986. The arms show a white vortex spiral on a blue background. Vortexes or whirlpools, such as the Moskenstraumen, appear in the channel just south of the island of Moskenes when the tide comes in, making it a hazardous channel.
|Parish (Sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
Moskenes is among the most scenic municipalities in all Norway, and the picturesque fishing villages of Hamnøy, Reine, Sørvågen, Moskenes, Å, and Tind have a dramatic backdrop of jagged peaks rising above the Vestfjorden. The historic Glåpen Lighthouse is located just east of Sørvågen.
Between Lofotodden, the southwestern tip of the Lofoten chain, and the offshore island of Mosken, there is the tidal current of Moskenstraumen. This is better known internationally as the Maelstrom, feared by all sailors. On the isolated northwestern coast of the island, there are also interesting Stone Age cave paintings. The highest mountain is Hermannsdalstinden at 1,029 metres (3,376 ft).
The municipality of Moskenes lies near the southern end of the Lofoten archipelago on the southern part of the island of Moskenesøya. The Vestfjorden lies to the east, the Moskenstraumen strait lies to the south, and the Norwegian Sea lies to the west. The municipality of Flakstad lies to the north (on the northern part of the island) and the island municipality of Værøy lies about 20 kilometres (12 mi) to the south.
|Climate data for Reine|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−0.3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||240
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)||19.6||17.8||16.6||16.2||12.6||11.5||12.8||13.9||19.0||21.3||20.5||21.8||203.6|
|Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute|
- Hans Erik Dyvik Husby, musician
- Birger Eriksen, commander at Oscarsborg, and responsible for the sinking of Blücher, the German ship headed for Oslo on the night between 8–9 April 1940.
Fiskebåter ved Reine; by Gunnar Berg.
- "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 345.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-11-24.
- "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Moskenes.|
- Nordland travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway
- Video:Driving the E10 road in Moskenes