View of Reine in Moskenes
Moskenes within Nordland
|Established||1 July 1916|
|• Mayor (2011)||Lillian Rasmussen (Local list)|
|• Total||118.79 km2 (45.87 sq mi)|
|• Land||110.47 km2 (42.65 sq mi)|
|• Water||8.32 km2 (3.21 sq mi) 7%|
|Area rank||367 in Norway|
|• Rank||389 in Norway|
|• Density||9.7/km2 (25/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-5.3%|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1874|
|Official language form||Neutral|
Moskenes is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The municipality comprises the southern part of the island of Moskenesøya in the traditional district of Lofoten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Reine. Other villages include Sørvågen, Hamnøy, and Å.
The 119-square-kilometre (46 sq mi) municipality is the 367th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Moskenes is the 389th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,068. The municipality's population density is 9.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (25/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 5.3% over the last decade.
The municipality was established on 1 July 1916 when the southern part of Flakstad Municipality was separated to become Moskenes. Initially, Moskenes had a population of 1,306.
On 1 January 1964, the municipalities of Flakstad and Moskenes were reunited, this time under the name "Moskenes". Prior to the merger, Moskenes had 2,001 residents and the new municipality of Moskenes had 4,068 residents. This new municipality did not last long because on 1 January 1976, Flakstad broke away again to once again form a separate municipality. This left Moskenes with 1,705 residents.
The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Moskenes farm ("Muskenes" – 1567), since the first Moskenes Church was built there. The first element is probably derived from the word mosk/musk which means "sea spray" and the last element is nes which means "headland". (See also Moskenstraumen.)
Coat of arms
The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 12 September 1986. The arms show a white vortex spiral on a blue background. Vortexes or whirlpools, such as the Moskenstraumen, appear in the channel just south of the island of Moskenesøya when the tide comes in, making it a hazardous channel.
|Parish (Sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
Moskenes is among the most scenic municipalities in all Norway, and the picturesque fishing villages of Hamnøy, Reine, Sørvågen, Moskenes, Å, and Tind all have a dramatic backdrop of jagged peaks rising above the Vestfjorden. The historic Glåpen Lighthouse is located just east of Sørvågen.
Between Lofotodden, the southwestern tip of the Lofoten chain, and the offshore island of Mosken, there is the tidal current of Moskenstraumen. This is better known internationally as the Maelstrom, feared by all sailors. On the isolated northwestern coast of the island, there are also interesting Stone Age cave paintings. The highest mountain is Hermannsdalstinden at 1,029 metres (3,376 ft).
All municipalities in Norway, including Moskenes, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipality falls under the Lofoten District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.
|Party Name||Name in Norwegian||Number of|
|Socialist Left Party||Sosialistisk Venstreparti||1|
|Local Lists||Lokale lister||5|
|Total number of members:||11|
Moskenes has a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc). The municipality of Moskenes lies near the southern end of the Lofoten archipelago on the southern part of the island of Moskenesøya. The Vestfjorden lies to the east, the Moskenstraumen strait lies to the south, and the Norwegian Sea lies to the west. The municipality of Flakstad lies to the north (on the northern part of the island) and the island municipality of Værøy lies about 20 kilometres (12 mi) to the south.
|Climate data for Reine|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−0.3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||240
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)||19.6||17.8||16.6||16.2||12.6||11.5||12.8||13.9||19.0||21.3||20.5||21.8||203.6|
|Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute|
- Hans Erik Dyvik Husby, musician
- Birger Eriksen, commander at Oscarsborg, and responsible for the sinking of Blücher, the German ship headed for Oslo on the night between 8–9 April 1940.
Fiskebåter ved Reine; by Gunnar Berg.
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 10 December 2018.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 10 December 2018.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 345.
- "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
- Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
- "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
- "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 14 June 2004.
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