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Nation of Islam
|Location||7351 S. Stony Island Avenue|
|Affiliation||Nation of Islam (formerly Greek Orthodox)|
Mosque Maryam (Temple #2) is a large mosque in Chicago, Illinois, United States and the headquarters of the Nation of Islam. It is located at 7351 South Stony Island Avenue in the South Shore neighborhood. Louis Farrakhan's headquarters are located on these premises. The building was originally the Saints Constantine and Helen Greek Orthodox Church before that congregation relocated to suburban Palos Hills. Elijah Muhammad purchased the building in 1972 and the mosque was then repurchased by Louis Farrakhan 17 years later, in 1988. It was named after Mary, the mother of Jesus ("Maryam" is Arabic for Mary). Farrakhan said Muammar Gaddafi had also lent Elijah Muhammad, his predecessor as head of the Nation of Islam, $3 million to convert a Greek Orthodox Church in Chicago into the Mosque Maryam.
The distinctive architectural design of Mosque Maryam further identified the spiritual significance of this house. There are in the dome, placed in four directions, the Arabic phrase whose standard interpretation in English is "There is no god but God." In the centre of the dome is written "God is the greatest." Surrounding the dome in Arabic text is the 24th Sura (chapter), verses 35-40 of the Qur'an entitled, "Al-Nur (The Light)".
Mosque Maryam serves as the headquarters and National Center for the Nation of Islam. Adjacent to the mosque is Muhammad University of Islam, an educational institute for boys and girls from pre-school through 12th grade.
- "Mosque Maryam and The Nation of Islam National Center." Nation of Islam. Retrieved on February 26, 2009.
- David Lepeska (April 9, 2011). "Farrakhan Using Libyan Crisis to Bolster His Nation of Islam". The New York Times. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
- Edward E. Curtis (2010). Encyclopedia of Muslim-American History. Infobase Publishing. p. 388. ISBN 978-1-4381-3040-8. Retrieved 16 December 2012.