Sulayman Pasha Mosque
|Sulayman Pasha Mosque |
مسجد سليمان باشا الخادم
|Location||Cairo Citadel, Islamic Cairo, Cairo, Egypt|
Sulayman Pasha al-Khadem Mosque (Arabic: مسجد سليمان باشا الخادم), also known as Sariat al-Jabal Mosque, is a historical mosque established in 1528 by Suleiman Pasha Al-Khadem, one of the Ottoman rulers of Egypt. It is located inside the Cairo Citadel at the top of Mount Mokattam, and originally erected for the use of the jannisaries stationed in the northern enclosure. It is the first mosque established in Egypt in Ottoman architectural style.
The mosque was built on the ruins of an old mosque of Abu Mansur Qusta, built by the governor of Alexandria during the Fatimid period in 1141 and existed since before the construction of the citadel. The mosque of Suleiman Pasha was built in 1528 after the first renovation of the citadel.
The mosque consists of two sections, and covered with a dome in the center surrounded by semi-domes decorated with colored inscriptions. It is a prominent Ottoman architectural design. The domes of the mosque are all covered with green qashani geographic patterns. On the first section, the decorations are interspersed with various writings, and marble walls covering the bottom ends with a strip of Kufi line and flowered Qur'anic verses. At the middle of the eastern wall, there exists mihrab and a marble platform. The western wall leads to the second section. The second section is an open middle sahn whose floor is decorated with colored marble. It is surrounded by four arches covered by semi-domes, which are mounted on its shoulders, and on the western side of the courtyard is a small dome with several tombs with marble structures. Tombs are covered with different models of headstone that were prevalent at the time.
The minaret is cylindrical with two ribs, each jutting out from the body and adorned with multicolored muqarnas. It is topped with a cone covered with green panels. This type of Ottoman minaret was used in most of the mosques established during the Ottoman era.
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