Mosque of the Companions, Massawa

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Mosque of the Companions
Masjid aṣ-Ṣaḥābah
مَسْجِد ٱلصَّحَابَة
RegionHorn of Africa, North-East Africa
LocationMassawa, Eritrea
Geographic coordinates15°36′43″N 39°28′50″E / 15.61194°N 39.48056°E / 15.61194; 39.48056

The Mosque of the Companions (Arabic: مَسْجِد ٱلصَّحَابَة‎, romanizedMasjid aṣ-Ṣaḥābah) is a mosque in the city of Massawa, Eritrea. Dating to the early 7th century CE, it is believed to be the first mosque on the African continent.[2] It was reportedly built by companions of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad who came here to flee persecution by people in the Hejazi[3] city of Mecca, present-day Saudi Arabia.[1] The current structure is of much later construction as some features like mehrab (late seventh century) and minaret (until 9th century) did not develop until very late in Islamic architecture.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Reid, Richard J. (12 January 2012). "The Islamic Frontier in Eastern Africa". A History of Modern Africa: 1800 to the Present. John Wiley and Sons. p. 106. ISBN 0-4706-5898-3. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  2. ^ "Liste des premières mosquées au monde prophètique, rashidun et omeyyade selon les écris historique et les traces archéologiques". Histoire Islamique (in French). 2014-06-15. Retrieved 2017-09-24.
  3. ^ Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary. 2001. p. 479. ISBN 0-8777-9546-0. Retrieved 2013-03-17.
  4. ^ "as-Sahaba Mosque". Madain Project. Retrieved 2 April 2019.