Mosque of the Companions, Massawa

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Mosque of the Companions
Sahaba Shrine, Massawa, Eritrea.jpg
Religion
AffiliationIslam
Location
LocationMassawa, Eritrea
Mosque of the Companions, Massawa is located in Eritrea
Mosque of the Companions, Massawa
Shown within Eritrea
Geographic coordinates15°36′43″N 39°28′50″E / 15.61194°N 39.48056°E / 15.61194; 39.48056
Architecture
Typemosque
Completed610[1]

The Mosque of the Companions (Arabic: مَسْجِد ٱلصَّحَابَة, romanizedMasjid aṣ-Ṣaḥābah) is a mosque in the city of Massawa, Eritrea. Dating to the early 7th century CE, it is believed to be the first mosque in the world.[2] It was reportedly built by companions of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad who travelled to Africa to flee persecution by people in the Hejazi[3] city of Mecca, present-day Saudi Arabia.[1] The current structure is of much later construction as some features like mehrab (late 7th century) and minaret (until 9th century) did not develop until later in Islamic architecture.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Reid, Richard J. (12 January 2012). "The Islamic Frontier in Eastern Africa". A History of Modern Africa: 1800 to the Present. John Wiley and Sons. p. 106. ISBN 0-4706-5898-3. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  2. ^ "Liste des premières mosquées au monde prophètique, rashidun et omeyyade selon les écris historique et les traces archéologiques". Histoire Islamique (in French). 2014-06-15. Retrieved 2017-09-24.
  3. ^ Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary. 2001. p. 479. ISBN 0-8777-9546-0. Retrieved 2013-03-17.
  4. ^ "as-Sahaba Mosque". Madain Project. Retrieved 2 April 2019.