Mosquito (missile)

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Oerlikon-Contraves Mosquito
Mosquito PAL
Mosquito at Armee Museum Full
Type Anti-tank missile
Place of origin Switzerland
Service history
In service 1959 – ?
Used by Italy
Production history
Designer Oerlikon-Contraves
Designed 1959-1964
Unit cost $900 (flyaway unit in both its training and tactical versions, as of June 1959)[1]
Produced 1964
Specifications
Weight 14.1 kg
Length 111 mm
Width 60 mm (wingspan)

Effective firing range 1500–1800 m
Warhead weight 4 kg

Speed 90 m/s (320 km/h)
Guidance
system
SACLOS

The Mosquito was an Italian wire-guided anti-tank missile developed by the Swiss firm Contraves AG in close cooperation with the German firm of Bölkow, and produced by its Italian subsidiary Contraves Italiana SpA. It entered service with the Italian Army in 1961 and Indonesian armed forces. It was broadly similar to anti-tank missiles of the era, having a fibreglass body with four large wings, cruciform in cross-section and a relatively short body.

The missile is transported in a cuboid container that also acts as a launcher. The launcher is attached to a control box that is equipped with a binocular sight and control joystick. When the missile is launched the operator steers the missile using the joystick. He first "gathers" the missile to his line of sight to the target.

It is steered in flight by vibrating spoilers in the wings, and spins for additional stabilization, with a pyrotechnically spun gyroscope providing stabilization. Some Mosquito missiles are on display at the Schweizerisches Militärmuseum Full.

Operators[edit]

 Italy
 Indonesia
 Malaysia

Specifications[edit]

  • Length: 1.11 m
  • Diameter: 0.12 m
  • Wingspan: 0.6 m
  • Weight: 14.1 kg
  • Range 350 m to 2400 m
  • Peak speed: 90 m/s
  • Warhead: Either 4 kg hollow charge (660 mm versus RHA) or fragmentation
  • Propulsion: Two-stage solid rocket motor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Swiss Firm Turns Out Most Missiles in Italy // Missiles and Rockets, June 1, 1959, p. 22
  • Michael J.H. Taylor (1980). Missile's of the World. Charles Scribner's Sons. ISBN 0-684-16593-7. 
  • Schweizerische Militärmuseum Full