Most Evil

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Most Evil
Most evil logo.png
  • Michael Stone
  • Kris Mohandie
Narrated byTim Hopper, Neil Dudgeon
Country of originUnited States
No. of seasons4
No. of episodes38
Original networkDiscovery Channel
Revived series: Investigation Discovery
Original releaseJuly 13, 2006 (2006-07-13) – April 7, 2008 (2008-04-07)
Revived series:
December 7, 2014 (2014-12-07) –
February 26, 2015 (2015-02-26)

Most Evil is an American forensics television program on Investigation Discovery, first aired in 2006, presented by forensic psychiatrist Dr. Michael H. Stone of Columbia University during the program's first three seasons, and by forensic psychologist Dr. Kris Mohandie during it's fourth season.[1] On the show, the presenter rates murderers on a scale of evil that Stone himself has developed. The show features profiles on various murderers, serial killers, and mass murderers of various degrees of psychopathy.


Season 1 (2006)[edit]

No. in
TitleOriginal air date [2]
01"Killer Lies"July 13, 2006 (2006-07-13)

Dr. Stone considers those killers who deceive are twice as evil. The more wicked the crime and the more premeditated the deceit, the higher they are placed on his scale. Susan Smith killed her sons by driving into a lake and letting them drown. She later claimed that someone hijacked her car and kidnapped the two boys. John List killed his entire family and went on to start a new life. Nathaniel Bar-Jonah was accused murdering a 10-year-old boy, which he denies. He is now serving life imprisonment for molesting two other boys. Dennis Rader was the notorious "B.T.K. killer", who also lived a double-life by being both a minister and a Boy Scout leader, leading the police to not view him as the possible suspect until 30 years later.

Note: That was official by the time of this episode, Bar-Jonah died of a heart attack two years later.
02"Cold-Blooded Killers"July 20, 2006 (2006-07-20)

Dr. Stone studies four serial killers. Ted Bundy raped and killed 20+ woman in the 1970s throughout the U.S. Gary Ridgway killed 49 woman usually dumping their bodies in the Green River, giving him the name the "Green River Killer". He is considered the most "Prolific" serial killer in American history. Tommy Lynn Sells is put on Death Row for one murder, but he confessed many more. So far 11 of them were confirmed following his death sentence. John Wayne Gacy was responsible for 33 unknown murders in the Chicago area as he buried them in his crawlspace.

Note:: Sells was eventually executed in 2014, so no one will know how many he exactly murdered.
03"Murderous Women"July 27, 2006 (2006-07-27)
Over 90% of murders are committed by men. But what motivates the women who are driven to kill? Jean Harris convicted of the murder of her ex-lover, Herman Tarnower. Marybeth Tinning was convicted for killing her ninth child who was only 4-months old at the time, and she even admitted to kill her previous eight children as well. Gwendolyn Graham and Cathy Wood were both nurses that worked together in killing 5 elderly patients. Aileen Wuornos was a serial killer who killed 7 men by shooting them.Theresa Knorr killed two of her six children.
04"Partners in Crime"August 10, 2006 (2006-08-10)
Dr. Stone studies people who worked together in mostly murder cases. Paul Bernardo and Karla Homolka killed 3 people in Ontario, while they were married. Ian Brady and Myra Hindley committed one of Britain's notorious and horrific murder cases. David Parker Ray lured women into his "Toy box" where he both tortured and murdered along with his fiancée Cindy Hendy. Despite this he was never tried for a murder. Leonard Lake and Charles Ng worked together into kidnapping, raping, torturing, and murdering 11+ people at Lake's cabin.
05"Psychotic Killers"August 17, 2006 (2006-08-17)
Dr. Stone studies three killers with recorded psychotic symptoms to understand their atrocities. In each case, they claim they are unaware of what's real or imagined. Ed Gein killed two women, and was official to be wearing his deceased mother's clothing. Arthur Shawcross was sentenced for killing two children. Only to be released and kill 11 woman. He has claimed to have had an abusive childhood which led to a possibility of psychosis' issues such as hallucination. Gary Heidnik killed two women and kept four others as prisoners in his basement. He has been reported to have mental difficulties as he was brain-damaged at a young age by an abusive father. Soon started to show signs of being anti-social and delusional.
06"Deadly Desires"August 24, 2006 (2006-08-24)
Dr. Stone e explores three so-called "Lust killers" to find out how their desires form and what drives them to carry out their Deadly fantasies. Jerry Brudos killed four women in his own workshop at Salem, Oregon. It is reported that he had a lethal desire for his victim clothing. Jeffrey Dahmer druged and killed 17 men then raped their corpses, and would save some of them later for a meal. Westley Allan Dodd molested children for years ever since he was a teenager, but eventually his sexual desires turned into something more brutal. He killed three boys in Vancouver, Washington before his capture.
07"Science of Murder"August 31, 2006 (2006-08-31)
Dr. Stones studies killers who are great subjects behind the science found in the Criminal Activity, including Charles Whitman, an ex-marine who killed both his wife and mother, and then went to the University of Texas where he shot and killed 16 more people from the top of the campus' highest tower before being gunned down. Whitman was reported to have a brain tumor which might have been the motive behind his violent actions.
08"Up Close"September 7, 2006 (2006-09-07)
Dr. Stone goes through the concept of "Up Close" which means interviewing a suspect or perpetrator of a murder, and getting into their side of the crime, by interviewing three already studied criminals: Tommy Lynn Sells, Cindy Hendy, and Nathaniel Bar-Jonah.

Season 2 (2007–2007)[edit]

No. in
TitleOriginal air date [2]
01"Jealousy"August 12, 2007 (2007-08-12)
What happens when a jealous lover turns into an enraged killer? Dr. Stone studies killers that were motivated by jealousy. Samuel Collins killed his wife in Biddeford, Maine after discovering she was cheating throughout their ten years of marriage. Clara Harris killed her husband, after discovering he was having an affair with someone else. Andrew Cunanan was jealous over two people, his best friend Jeffrey Trail, and famous fashion designer Gianni Versace. He travelled across the country from Minneapolis to Miami Beach while committing a terrifying killing spree.
02"Stalker"August 19, 2007 (2007-08-19)
What can explain this relentless drive, and what triggers violence in the mind of a stalker? Dr. Stone is explores four cases of notorious stalkers. Richard Farley was fired from his company for sexually harassing a female employee. He would eventually return to the workplace killing 7 workers and injuring another four. Robert John Bardo shot and killed actress Rebecca Schaeffer at her California apartment. He been stalking her since the first time he saw her in a film. Mark David Chapman shot and killed musician John Lennon at his apartment. He worshiped the Beatles until the infamous "We're more popular than Jesus!" quote. It made Chapman turn against Lennon based on his fanatic religious background. Gerald Atkins wanted to marry a woman he met at a Wixom, Michigan bar. When she rejected him, he believed this decision was influenced by her colleagues. He eventually shoot-up the jewelry store, killing the manager and wounding three other people.
03"Delusional"August 26, 2007 (2007-08-26)
Dr. Stone studies killers with delusional minds. Herbert Mullin killed 13 people, because of delusional thoughts of earthquakes, which in reality were only headaches due to his constant drug abuse. Diana Dial mindset shifted as she believed she was being persecuted by Nazis. Despite being diagnosed as a schizophrenic, she stopped taking her pills and her family abandoned her by sending her to a new home in Austin, Texas. When she believed her roommate is secretly poisoning her, she snapped and killed him. As Eric Beishline cocaine intake became worse as he believed he was being followed. One day he broke into home of an elderly woman, subdued her with a chloroform rag, suffocated her and robbed her house. Investigators suspected him for two other killings.
04"Unsolved Cases"September 2, 2007 (2007-09-02)
Dr. Stone studies murder cases that for the most part are unsolved. The Lipstick killer was active in the Chicago area, leaving a notorious message in lipstick on one of the victims. William Heirens confessed the three murders, but was he forced to do that? The "Black Dahlia" is one of the most notorious unsolved case in American history. However, physician George Hodel was suspected. In 1994 James McVay, Jr. was found killed in his pickup truck at Fort Worth, Texas. His face was spray-printed blue, which left no DNA evidence. A witness said to have seen more than one car driving around McVay's truck, leaving the possibility that there were more than one person involved in his murder.
05"Cult Followers"September 9, 2007 (2007-09-09)
Dr. Stone unearths the psychology of persuasion to learn why cult members can become active participants in evil. Jeffrey Lundgren was a member of the Community of Christ church. He started a cult alongside a close friend, Ron Luff, following the beliefs that were said in the church. But, instead of turning his fellow members into faithful followers, he turned them into murderers. Charles Manson started what is still known as California's worst killing spree, with his so-called "Family", including "Charles "Tex" Watson. Jim Jones invited many who were part of his cult known as the "Peoples Temple" to Guyana, where they all drank Flavor-aid which contained poison, and a total of 918 died. This, according to Jones, was a form of sacrifice for God.
06"Spree Killers"September 16, 2007 (2007-09-16)
Dr. Stone reveals the psychology behind spree killers. Martin Bryant was responsible for multiple shooting sites, killing 35 people in Tasmania. Charles Starkweather, along with his underage girlfriend Caril Ann Fugate, went-out a killing spree in Nebraska claiming 11 lives. Yusef Rahman shot and killed one person and injured three others in Riverhead, New York in a four-day spree. Seung-Hui Cho shot and killed 32 people at the Virginia Tech campus in Blacksburg, Virginia, and eventually committed suicide.
07"Attention Seekers"September 23, 2007 (2007-09-23)
Dr. Stone profiles murderers whose need for glory and control led them to incredible evil. David Berkowitz terrorized New York City in the 70s as the "Son of Sam", killing 6 people before capture. The "Zodiac Killer" terrorized Northern California by killing five people and sending encrypted letters to the police. His identity is still unknown, making his case one of the most notorious unsolved crimes. Terry Driver attacked two teenage Canadian girls and killed one of them. He left both taunting letters and phone calls to the police, for which he was eventually being labeled the "Abbotsford Killer". Keith Jesperson traveled across the country, becoming known as the "Smiley Face Killer" as he enjoyed playing games with the FBI.
08"Masterminds"September 30, 2007 (2007-09-30)
What lies at the intersection of evil and intelligence? Dr. Stone studies killers that are considered highly intelligent compared to others. Edmund Kemper had his first taste of murder at a young age, by killing his grandparents. While serving in a mental institute he befriended with his psychologist to be released early due to good behavior. A decade later he murdered seven women and soon his own mother. H.H. Holmes was not just a serial killer but also a successful con artist. Ted Kaczynski was a highly intelligent man, however suffered severe delusional issues which made him to believe that technology was harmful to mankind. He decided to send letterbombs to Universities that worked on the development of computers and ended-up killing three people, injuring dozens as the "Unabomber".
09"Revenge"October 7, 2007 (2007-10-07)
Dr. Stone probes the science of revenge to profile revenge killers, looking for clues that might shed light on their motives. Coy Wayne Wesbrook discovered his ex-wife with a boyfriend at a party. Being enraged at the sight, he decided to shoot-up the place killing her and a handful of others. Archie McCafferty was upset over the death of his infant son, so he decided to even it up by threatening to kill seven people.
10"Cult Leaders"October 14, 2007 (2007-10-14)
Dr. Stone analyzes some of the 20th century's most deadly cult leaders. Shoko Asahara believed in the Apocalypse. To prove its existence, he set-up a cult that was responsible many terrorist attacks, one of which was the notorious "Tokyo subway sarin attack" in 1995. Adolfo Constanzo started a cult located in the U.S. and Mexico border, which was set-up for both voodoo magicians and human sacrifice.

Season 3 (2008–2008)[edit]

No. in
TitleOriginal air date [2]
1"Manson"January 31, 2008 (2008-01-31)
Retrace the investigation of Charles Manson and how he convinced young, middle-class men and women -Susan Atkins, Charles "Tex" Watson, Leslie Van Houten, Patricia Krenwinkel- to commit unthinkable acts of violence.
2"Madness"February 7, 2008 (2008-02-07)
Killers' minds make irrational connections that result in horrifying acts of evil. Michael Owen Perry believed that singer Olivia Newton-John was tormenting him throughout telepathy. He eventually murdered 5 members of his family. Joseph Kallinger thought that he was a mission by God to kill all mankind. During his trial, Colin Ferguson showed signs of persecutory delusion. Michael McDermott claimed that he trapped in purgatory, and only can earn a soul if he kills his colleagues. However, it was later determined that he was faking a mental illness.
3"Schemers"February 14, 2008 (2008-02-14)
See how scheming killers, Liars and con artists use their intelligence to get away with murder; while deceiving their families, friends and the public. Diane Downs blamed a hitchhiker for shooting her three children. In truth she was the one who pulled the trigger. Michael Swango practiced a lethal brand by poisoning his patients. Randy Kraft used his charms to deceive his victims. John Edward Robinson appeared to be a devoted family man, until the bodies of 8 woman he murdered were eventually found. Dr. Stone visited Martha Ann Johnson in prison where she is serving a life sentence for murder.
4"Vampires/Cannibals"February 21, 2008 (2008-02-21)
Driven by desires and delusions, these criminals not only kill they also consume flesh and drink blood. Armin Meiwes prowled internet chat rooms, hunting for a “dinner guest”. Delusions told Richard Chase that he must drink blood. Andrei Chikatilo childhood fueled a psychotic mind, making him the worst killer in the Soviet Union history. Rod Ferrell twisted fantasy of being a vampire claimed two lives.
5"Women"February 28, 2008 (2008-02-28)

Do women kill less than men, or does the stereotype of being the gentler sex enable them to get away with more heinous crimes? After her husband left her, Betty Broderick terrorized him for years. Then she killed him and his new wife. Dorothea Puente poisoned 7 residents in a boarding house she operated. Judith Neelley and her husband kidnapped and killed two women for her sadistic desires. Latasha Pulliam strangled her neighbor’s 6-year-old daughter.

Note:: the episode also mentions Blanche Taylor Moore, Juana Barraza and Kristen Gilbert
6"Redemption"March 6, 2008 (2008-03-06)
Dr. Stone explores the possibility for killers to reform and change their lives. Billy Wayne Sinclair shot down a man during a robbery. Karla Faye Tucker killed a sleeping couple with a pickaxe. Archie McCafferty sought revenge by killing three strangers. As a former gang member, Daniel Nieto unleashed violence in the street. All committed heinous crimes, and all of them expressed remorse and claimed to have been changed.
7"Gangs"March 13, 2008 (2008-03-13)
Gangs lure members with promises of respect, money and power. From armed robbery to murder, they are responsible for some of the most brutal crimes. In the 1930s, the Philadelphia poison ring were responsible at least 15 murders. For decades Richard Kuklinski served as a mafia assassin. Ismael Cisneros was a foot soldier of MS-13. When he learned that a female friend became an informant of the police, he stabbed her to death. Ervil LeBaron headed a group of polygamist Mormons, ordering them to kill his rivals. Dr. Stone met former career gangster Joseph Salcedo to learn more about gangs.
8"The Killer's Brain"March 20, 2008 (2008-03-20)
What makes a murderer? Can malfunctions in the brain compel someone to extreme cruelty? Are killers born or are they made? Samuel Collins, Clara L. Harris, Diane Downs, David Berkowitz, Richard Chase, Edmund Kemper, Susan Atkins, Charles "Tex" Watson, Leslie Van Houten, Patricia Krenwinkel
9"Face to Face"March 27, 2008 (2008-03-27)
Dr. Michael Stone uses face to face one-on-one interviews to gain insight into the motives, methods and minds of murderers. Coy Wayne Wesbrook, Ron Luff, Diana Dial, Daniel Nieto
10"Tracking Killers"April 7, 2008 (2008-04-07)
Dr. Michael Stone examines the process involved in identifying and capturing vicious killers. Andrew Cunanan, Keith Jesperson, Black Dahlia Murderer

Series return[edit]

On December 7, 2014, Investigation Discovery began airing new episodes with a new host, Dr. Kris Mohandie.

Season 4 (2014)[edit]

No. in
TitleOriginal air date [2]
01"Manipulators"December 7, 2014 (2014-12-07)
Three master manipulators. Each committed acts of unspeakable evil. Glenn Helzer orchestrated brutal murders in the name of God. Sylvia White killed anyone she felt was in her way, including her four-year old stepson. Dean Corll was a master puppeteer who with his accomplice Elmer Wayne Henley lured young mans to their death.
02"Control Killers"December 14, 2014 (2014-12-14)
Control freaks seek to gain power through murder. When Ronald Gene Simmons lost his command over his family he snapped and went on a rampage. To show how well he handled emergency situations, Richard Angelo would poison his patients, killing many of them. Billy Wayne Coble was a domineering father, and cold-blooded triple murderer.
03"Rage Killers"December 21, 2014 (2014-12-21)
Anything can set off a rage killer. Gerald Stano craved the company of women but lashed out when he felt he was being mocked. When Robert Lopez found a girlfriend in Manchester, New Hampshire, he flipped a switch between obsessive love and blind rage. Benjamin Atkins viciously strangled women whose reminded his mother.
04"Stone Cold Killers"December 28, 2014 (2014-12-28)
Stone cold killers attack without a moment's hesitation. Maksim Gelman stabbed random strangers throughout New York City. Henry Lee Lucas was a necrophiliac who claimed to have killed hundreds. Joseph Paul Franklin believed his racist murders served a higher purpose.
05"Sexual Deviants"January 4, 2015 (2015-01-04)
Sexual deviants are aroused by the act of murder. Gerard John Schaefer used his position as a trusted policeman to kidnap his victims. Richard Hooten was a serial rapist who went after his neighbors. After strangling them, Wayne Adam Ford severed his victims body parts to kept them as trophies.
06"Fantasy Killers"January 11, 2015 (2015-01-11)
Fantasy killers imagine every aspect of their crime in detail. Daniel Conahan lured men into the Central Florida woods to torture them. Angela Sanford was a self-proclaimed witch who killed a man as part of a satanic ritual. Harvey Miguel Robinson stalked his victims then meticulously planned his attacks in their Allentown, Pennsylvania homes.
07"Deceptive Killers"January 16, 2015 (2015-01-16)
Deceptive killers walk among us wearing a mask of innocence. Darci Pierce tricked everyone that she's pregnant. To cover up her lies, she killed an expectant mother, and stole her unborn baby. Doyle Kelley was convicted of murdering two of his wives in Joplin, Missouri. Everyone thought that Kendall Francois was a gentle giant, until police found the eight bodies he'd hidden.
08"Egocentric Killers"January 23, 2015 (2015-01-23)
Ego Maniac killers think only of themselves, and thus commit egregious crimes without remorse. Robert Ben Rhoades tortured hitchhikers in a specially designed chamber in the back of his cab. After his girlfriend get restraining order against him, Paul Devoe went on a cross-country killing spree claiming six lives. David Dowler poisoned his friends when he didn't get their attention.
09"Attention Seekers"January 30, 2015 (2015-01-30)
The attention-seeking killer commits crimes for the spotlight it incurs. George Russell posed his victims in elaborate positions to being noticed. Eddie Seda jumped on the coattails of the famed Zodiac Killer. Terry Caylor claimed to have killed 27 men, but only one was ever confirmed.
10"Predators"February 26, 2015 (2015-02-26)
By their nature, killers with strong predatory instincts are preying on the most vulnerable victims. Jack Owen Spillman proved his bestiality by drinking one of his victim's blood. David Elliot Penton was the real-life bogeyman, who abducted and killed at least five children between Garland, Texas and Columbus, Ohio. Levi King ambushed two families and gunned down five people during a 24 hour rampage.

Scale and criminals[edit]

Stone researched hundreds of killers and their methods and motives to develop his hierarchy of "evil".[3] The scale ranges from Category 1, those who kill in self-defense, to the Category 22, serial torturer-murderers. Dr. Stone described the categories of the scale in his book The Anatomy of Evil, published in 2009.[4] In a follow-up book, The New Evil: Understanding the Emergence of Modern Violent Crime, published in 2019, he and co-author Dr. Gary Brucato, a clinical psychologist and researcher, break down the individual categories of the scale in detail.[5]

Neurologists, psychologists, and other forensic psychiatrists are interviewed on the show in an attempt to examine and profile the minds of notorious killers. Partial re-enactments are shown along with news footage, evidence, and reports from locals. Neurological, environmental, and genetic factors are examined to help determine what drives a person to kill. Background history and pre-meditation are considered when placing an individual on the scale of evil. The show indirectly deals with the concepts of morality and ethics.

Only criminals profiled on the show to be included below

Category Criteria People
01 Those who have killed in self-defense, and who do not show murderous tendencies.
02 Jealous lovers who committed murder as a result of humiliation; though egocentric or immature, they are not psychopaths. Samuel Collins, Jean Harris
03 Willing companions of killers: submissive personality, impulse-ridden, with some antisocial traits. Leslie Van Houten
04 Those who have killed in self-defense, but started the violence first.
05 Persons who killed as a desperate measure, but who show remorse for their crime and lack significant psychopathic traits. Martha Ann Johnson, Elmer Wayne Henley
06 Individuals who killed out of aggression or with little to no foresight, yet without marked psychopathic traits. Robert John Bardo, Billy Wayne Sinclair, Coy Wayne Wesbrook, Daniel Nieto, Doyle Kelley
07 Highly narcissistic or psychotic persons who kill out of jealousy or hatred. Marybeth Tinning, Mark David Chapman, Armin Meiwes, Diana Dial, David Dowler, Clara Harris, Michael Owen Perry
08 Non-psychopathic persons prone to wrath, and who kill when this anger is unleashed. Charles Whitman
09 Jealous lovers with marked psychopathic features who may possess previous violent or extravagant tendencies. Betty Broderick, Ron Luff, Robert Lopez
10 Killers of people perceived as an obstacle, such as witnesses. Extremely egocentric, but not distinctly psychopathic. Rod Ferrell, Susan Smith, Darci Pierce
11 Psychopathic killers of people perceived as an obstacle, such as close friends or even family members. Ismael Cisneros
12 Power-hungry psychopaths who kill in order to keep their power intact. Ervil LeBaron, Angela Sanford
13 Psychopathic murderers motivated by a sense of inadequacy or uncontrolled rage, being one or both the reason for their killings. Ed Gein, Herbert Mullin, Martin Bryant, Karla Faye Tucker, Latasha Pulliam, Richard Angelo, Maksim Gelman, Yusef Rahman
14 Ruthless and machiavellian psychopaths who kill to benefit themselves, and who won't hesitate to resort to conning, stealing, or killing anybody to get whatever they desire. John List, Richard Farley, Diane Downs, Sylvia White, Herman and Paul Petrillo
15 Psychopathic cold-blooded spree killers or multiple murderers. Andrew Cunanan, Charles Manson, Charles Starkweather, Susan Atkins, Charles "Tex" Watson, Patricia Krenwinkel, Colin Ferguson, Michael McDermott, Dorothea Puente, Archie McCafferty, Billy Wayne Coble, Benjamin Atkins, Paul Devoe, Jones' accomplices
16 Psychopaths committing multiple vicious acts, that may include rape, mutilation and murder. Gwendolyn Graham and Cathy Wood, Karla Homolka, Myra Hindley, Terry Driver, Theodore Kaczynski, Shoko Asahara, Michael Swango, Joseph Paul Franklin, Richard Hooten, Kendall Francois, Heriberto Seda, Levi King, Gerald Atkins, Eric Beishline, James McVey killers
17 Sexually depraved serial murderers: Rape is the primary motive, there is no marked interest in systematic torture and the victim is killed to hide evidence. Ted Bundy, Arthur Shawcross, David Berkowitz, Richard Chase, Aileen Wuornos, Wayne Adam Ford, Henry Lee Lucas, Gerald Stano, George Russell
18 Psychopaths who torture in the process, but seek to murder rather than brutally torture to death and prolong the victim's suffering. Nathan Bar-Jonah, Gary Ridgway, Jerome Brudos, Keith Jesperson, Harvey Miguel Robinson, Terry Caylor, Glenn Helzer, Lipstick killer
19 Psychopaths driven to torment (both physical or psychological), if murdered, the victim is previously subjected to a brutal torture that was not prolonged.
20 Psychotic torture-murderers who subject at least one of their victims to a fairly brutal prolonged torture. Joseph Kallinger
21 Psychopaths who do not kill their victims, but do subject them to extreme torture.
22 Psychopathic torture-murderers, where both sexual and non-sexual sadism are the primary motive. Tommy Lynn Sells, John Wayne Gacy, Dennis Rader, Theresa Knorr, Charles Ng, Leonard Lake, Paul Bernardo, Ian Brady, Gary Heidnik, David Parker Ray, Westley Allan Dodd, George Hodel, Jeffrey Lundgren, Edmund Kemper, H. H. Holmes, Adolfo Constanzo, John Edward Robinson, Andrei Chikatilo, Jeffrey Dahmer, Gerard John Schaefer, Judith Neelley, Richard Kuklinski, Daniel Conahan, Dean Corll, Ronald Gene Simmons, Jack Owen Spillman, David Elliot Penton, Robert Ben Rhoades, Jim Jones


  2. ^ a b c d "Most Evil : Episode Guide : Investigation Discovery". Retrieved 2008-02-17.
  3. ^ Liptak, Adam (2007-04-02). "Adding Method to Judging Mayhem". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2018-10-27. Retrieved 2018-10-27. Dr. Stone, a professor of clinical psychiatry at Columbia, said he had put the scale together based on the biographies of hundreds of killers.
  4. ^ Michael H. Stone. The Anatomy of Evil (Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books, 2009).
  5. ^ Michael H. Stone & Gary Brucato. The New Evil: Understanding the Emergence of Modern Violent Crime (Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books, 2019).

External links[edit]