Most valuable player

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Frank Nighbor with the original Hart Memorial Trophy in 1924.[1] The trophy is awarded annually to the "player judged most valuable to his team" in the National Hockey League (NHL).[2]

In sports, a most valuable player (MVP) award is an honor typically bestowed upon an individual as the most performing player (or players) in an entire league, for a particular competition, or on a specific team. Initially used in professional sports, the term is now also commonly used in amateur sports, as well as in other unrelated fields such as media,[3][4] business,[citation needed] music[citation needed] and multiplayer video games.[citation needed] In many sports, MVP awards are presented for a specific match—in other words, a player of the match award. This is particularly true for high profile matches like championship games.

The term is most common in the United States and Canada. In most other countries around the world, "player of the year" is used for a season-spanning award and "player of the match" for individual games. In Australia, Australian rules football clubs and leagues use the term "best and fairest", while those playing rugby league use "player of the year", such as the Dally M Medal.[5] The National Basketball League, however, uses the American-style "MVP" for its awards.[citation needed]

In many cases the awards are voted on by members of the media.[citation needed] In others the vote is by players, coaches, or umpires.[citation needed] In recent years,[when?] online polls from the public decide some awards.[citation needed]


Examples include:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Hart Memorial Trophy". Official website of Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  2. ^ "Hart Memorial Trophy". Retrieved 15 February 2018. The Hart Memorial Trophy is an annual award given to the player judged to be the most valuable to his team.
  3. ^ Carras, Christi (5 November 2020). "John King, CNN's master of election maps, has slept just 6.5 hours since Tuesday". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 November 2020. But we’ve seen enough, and we’re making the call: CNN’s John King is the MVP.
  4. ^ Sweney, Mark (6 November 2020). "CNN's John King and his 'magic wall' keep viewers entranced". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 November 2020. The Los Angeles Times has said King’s indefatigable efforts and insight have made him the election’s “MVP”.
  5. ^ Dally M Medal 2015
  6. ^ Most valuable player in IPL