Most livable cities
The world's most livable cities is an informal name given to any list of cities as they rank on an annual survey of living conditions. In addition to providing clean water, clean air, adequate food and shelter, a ‘livable’ city must also generate a sense of community and offer hospitable settings for all, especially young people, to develop social skills, a sense of autonomy and identity.
Regions with cities commonly ranked in the top 50 include Australia, New Zealand, Canada and Europe. Three examples of such surveys are Monocle's "Most Liveable Cities Index", the Economist Intelligence Unit's "Global Liveability Ranking", and "Mercer Quality of Living Survey". Numbeo has the largest statistics and survey data based on cities and countries. Deutsche Bank's Liveability Survey is another ranking of cities by quality of life.
Livability rankings may be used by employers assigning hardship allowances as part of job relocation.
The EIU's Global Liveability Ranking
The Economist Intelligence Unit's (EIU) publishes an annual Global Liveability Ranking, which ranks 140 cities for their urban quality of life based on assessments of their stability, healthcare, culture, environment, education and infrastructure.
Melbourne, Australia, had been ranked by the EIU as the world's most livable city for seven years in a row, from 2011 to 2017. Between 2004 and 2010, Vancouver, Canada, was ranked the EIU's most livable city, with Melbourne sharing first place in the inaugural 2002 report. Vancouver has ranked third since 2015, while Vienna, Austria, ranked second until 2018 when it climbed to the top spot.
The EIU also publishes a Worldwide Cost of Living Survey that compares the cost of living in a range of global cities.
|EIU's Global Liveability Ranking 2019|
Mercer's Quality of Living Ranking
American global human resources and related financial services consulting firm Mercer annually releases its Mercer Quality of Living Survey, comparing 221 cities based on 39 criteria. New York City is given a baseline score of 100 and other cities are rated in comparison. Important criteria are safety, education, hygiene, health care, culture, environment, recreation, political-economic stability, public transport and access to goods and services. The list is intended to help multinational companies decide where to open offices or plants, and how much to pay employees. Mercer has ranked Austria's capital Vienna first in its annual "Quality of Living" survey since 2009.
|Mercer's Quality of Living Ranking 2019|
|34||San Francisco||United States|
The full ranking includes 231 cities.
Monocle's Quality of Life Survey
Since 2006, the lifestyle magazine Monocle has published an annual list of livable cities. The list in 2008 was named "The Most Liveable Cities Index" and presented 25 top locations for quality of life.
Important criteria in this survey are safety/crime, international connectivity, climate/sunshine, quality of architecture, public transport, tolerance, environmental issues and access to nature, urban design, business conditions, pro-active policy developments and medical care.
|Monocle's Quality of Life Survey 2019|
|16||Hong Kong||Hong Kong|
Deutsche Bank Liveability Survey
The 2019 survey showed the following cities to be highest in quality of life, for numerous reasons (e.g. style, affordability, happiness and pollution etc.):
|Cities with the highest quality of life 2019|
|9||San Francisco||United States|
Global Finance's World's Best Cities to Live
|The World's Best Cities to Live In 2020|
|4||New York||United States|
|The World's Best Cities to Live In 2017|
- European Green Capital Award
- List of most expensive cities for expatriate employees
- List of metropolitan areas by population
- Caves, R. W. (2004). Encyclopedia of the City. Routledge. p. 434. ISBN 9780415252256.
- "2015 quality of living survey". Mercer. 4 March 2015.
- Numbeo official website
- "Global Liveability Ranking 2016". www.eiu.com. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
- Stephanie Chalkley-Rhoden (16 August 2017). "World's most liveable city: Melbourne takes top spot for the seventh year running". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
- Economist Intelligence Unit (2016). A summary of the liveability ranking and overview.
- "The Worldwide Cost of Living Survey". www.eiu.com. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
- "Global Liveability Index 2019". The Economist Intelligence Unit.
- Quality of living city ranking 2019 - Mercer
- monocle.com Quality of Life Survey: top 25 cities, 2019 Published: 21 June 2019
- Taylor, Chloe (20 May 2019). "These cities offer the best quality of life in the world, according to Deutsche Bank". CNBC. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
- "World's Best Cities To Live In 2020". Global Finance. 14 October 2020.
- "The World's Best Cities to Live In 2017". Global Finance. 30 September 2017.