Mostafa Fahmy Pasha

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Mostafa Fahmy Pasha
Mustafa Fahmi Pasha.jpg
7th Prime Minister of Egypt
In office
12 May 1891 – 15 January 1893
Preceded byRiaz Pasha
Succeeded byHussein Fahri Pasha
In office
12 November 1895 – 12 November 1908
Preceded byNubar Pasha
Succeeded byBoutros Ghali
Personal details
Born11 June 1840
Crete, Ottoman Empire
Died13 September 1914 (aged 74)
Cairo, Egypt
Military service
RankLieutenant general

Mostafa Fahmy Pasha (11 June 1840 – 13 September 1914) was an Egyptian politician who served in several different cabinet positions and as prime minister for two times.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Crete in 1840 to a Turkish family that had earlier settled in Algeria, Fahmy's father was a colonel.[1] Fahmy graduated from military academy.[1]


After graduation, Fahmy joined the Egyptian army and later, he became a Lieutenant general. He retired from the army and began to serve as a governor in different provinces, including Minuffiyya, Cairo and lastly, Port Said.[1] After serving in other low-profile public positions, he was appointed minister of public works in 1879. Then Fahmy served at different cabinet positions: minister of foreign affairs, minister of justice, minister of finance, minister of interior (three times) and minister of war and marine (two times).[1]

Fahmy was appointed prime minister on 12 May 1891, replacing Riaz Pasha.[2][3] Fahmy remained in office for nearly two years and was sacked by Abbas II on 15 January 1893.[4] The King dismissed him due to his over reliance on the British agency.[4] Hussein Fahri Pasha replaced Fahmy Pasha as prime minister.[4] Fahmy's second appointment as prime minister was on 12 November 1895, replacing Nubar Pasha in the post. Fahmy Pasha's second term lasted until 12 November 1908, and Boutros Ghali replaced him as prime minister.[3]

Personal life and death[edit]

Fahmy's daughter, Safiya, was a political activist and a significant figure in the Egyptian society.[5] She married Saad Zaghlul in 1896.[6][7]

Fahmy died in Cairo on 13 September 1914.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e Arthur Goldschmidt (2000). Biographical Dictionary of Modern Egypt. Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 51. ISBN 978-1-55587-229-8. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  2. ^ M. W. Daly (10 December 1998). The Cambridge History of Egypt. Cambridge University Press. p. 241. ISBN 978-0-521-47211-1. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Egypt Prime Ministers". World Statesmen. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  4. ^ a b c Mounah Abdallah Khouri (1971). Poetry and the Making of Modern Egypt: 1882-1922. Brill Archive. p. 47. GGKEY:3JPP2EBRNW3. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  5. ^ Ahmed Zaki Osman (8 March 2012). "Women's movement: A look back, and forward". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  6. ^ Steven A. Cook (1 September 2011). The Struggle for Egypt: From Nasser to Tahrir Square. Oxford University Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-19-979532-1. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  7. ^ Albert Hourani (1962). Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798-1939. London: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 25 December 2013. – via Questia (subscription required)
Political offices
Preceded by
Riaz Pasha
Prime Minister of Egypt
Succeeded by
Hussein Fakhry Pasha
Preceded by
Nubar Pasha
Prime Minister of Egypt
Succeeded by
Boutros Ghali